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CHAPTER 11

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Title: CHAPTER 11


1
CHAPTER 11THE POLITICAL SYSTEM
2
SHAPING PUBLIC OPINION
  • A. What is Public Opinion
  • 1. Public Opinion - total of opinions
  • concerning a certain issue.
  • a. Is usually many opinions
  • B. What Shapes Opinion
  • 1. The same things that shape our
  • political personality.
  • a. Family
  • b. School
  • c. Friends
  • d. Mass Media (T.V., Radio, etc)

3
  • C. Propaganda and Public Opinion
  • 1. Propaganda - ideas used to influence
  • people.
  • 2. In today's age propaganda is becoming
  • bigger and bigger.
  • IN YOUR SMALL GROUPS DISCUSS AND COME UP WITH AS
    MANY PROPAGANDA ADS, BOOKS, ECT. THAT YOU CAN (3
    MIN.)

4
  • D. Kinds of Propaganda
  • 1. It is important that YOU define
  • between propaganda, truth, and lies.
  • 2. Concealed Propaganda - propaganda
  • presented as being factual and its
  • sources are kept secret.
  • a. Often used to fool people.
  • 3. Revealed Propaganda - makes readers
  • or listeners aware that someone is
  • trying to influence them.
  • a. Used mostly in advertising.

5
  • E. Propaganda Techniques (7 of them)
  • 1. Testimonials - getting a well known
  • person to support your ideas.
  • 2. Bandwagon - Everyone is following the
  • idea so you should to.
  • 3. Name-calling - Giving something an
  • unpleasant label. (dirty politics)
  • 4. Glittering Generalities - Using words
  • that sound good but dont mean much.
  • 5. Plain-folks - Youre just like one of
    the
  • people.

6
  • 6. Card Stacking - Uses facts in a way that
  • favors a particular product, idea, or
  • candidate.
  • a. Media can put you on the front page
  • and your opponent on the second
  • page.
  • 7. Transfer - Associating a person or idea
  • with something everyone thinks is
  • good. (Ex. Kissing a baby)

7
USING THE LIST OF PROPAGANDA YOU CREATED BEFORE,
DECIDE IF EACH ITEM ON YOUR LIST IS CONCEALED OR
REVEALED PROPAGANDA AND WHAT TECHNIQUE IT MAY
FALL UNDER. (7 MIN)
8
  • F. Measuring Public Opinion
  • 1. Pressure Groups (Indirect)
  • 2. Can be done through elections. (Direct)
  • 3. Polls - survey of how people feel on
  • certain issues.
  • G. Choosing a Sample
  • 1. Most important part of a poll.
  • 2. Getting a good sample is hard to do.
  • 3. Samples are based on income, gender,
  • age, race, etc.

9
  • H. Using Polls Carefully
  • 1. Not only can polls measure public
  • opinion they can influence it. (Be
  • careful when reading a poll!!!!)

10
INTEREST GROUPS
  • A. What is an Interest Group
  • 1. Groups of people who share a common
  • interest. (Many kinds NRA, NOW,
  • NAACP, etc. )
  • a. Single interests groups - groups
  • who are for or against a single
  • issue.
  • b. Lobbyists - Person who is paid by
  • an interest group to represent
    that
  • groups interest. (Are often paid
  • more than Congressional members.)

11
  • 2. Several pressure groups can make up a
  • single PAC. (Political Action Committee)
  • a. PACS - raise money from members
  • of their pressure group.
  • b. In 2008 PACs contributed
  • approximately over 200 million to
  • candidates. (Roughly 4,200 PACs today)
  • c. PACS try to influence government by
  • determining how much money a
  • candidate will get.
  • d. They also try to influence public
    opinion.

12
  • 3. In 1946 Congress passed a law to regulate
  • Interest Groups and PAC's.
  • a. Must register with House and Senate.
  • b. Wear identification badges.
  • c. Must report money received and spent.
  • d. Must report bills interested in.

13
  • 4. Coalition - Pressure groups that join
  • forces. (Not necessarily a
    PAC)
  • 5. What are some pluses of pressure groups
  • a. Allows important issues to come to the
  • attention of the President and
  • Congress.
  • b.
  • c.
  • d.
  • 6. In your small groups discuss some
  • Negatives of pressure groups. (3 Min)

14
  • 7. Other forms of pressure
  • a. Public opinion campaigns - writing
  • members of the lobbying organization
  • asking them to send letters.
  • b. Questionnaires - printed surveys
  • mailed to
    voters.

15
IN YOUR SMALL GROUPS DISCUSS THE
FOLLOWINGSHOULD ELECTED PEOPLE DO WHAT THE
PEOPLE DESIRE
16
TAKING PART IN GOVERNMENT
  • A. Voting Democracy in Action
  • 1. U.S. has one of the lowest voter
  • turnouts of any free nation in the
  • world.
  • a. 2000 only 51 of the voting-age
  • public voted.
  • 2. Why dont people vote
  • a. Time
  • b. Thinking their vote doesnt count.
  • c. Dont like the candidates, etc.

17
  • B. Every Vote Counts
  • 1. Hitler became controller of the Nazi
  • party by 1 vote.
  • 2. Enough has been said!! VOTE!!!
  • C. Taking Part in Political Campaigns
  • 1. People of any age can volunteer to
  • work for a political campaign.

18
  • D. Contacting Public Officials
  • 1. Write letters, fax, e-mail, officials
    on
  • issues that concern you.
  • E. Community Action
  • 1. Dont complain about your community
  • unless youre doing something to fix
  • it.

19
POSSIBLE ASSIGNMENTS
  • 1. Write letter to congressional member
  • 2. Skills Worksheet (pg. 11)
  • 3. Enrichment Worksheet (pg. 11)
  • 4. Chapter Test (pg. 41-44)
  • 5. Reteaching Worksheet (pg. 21, 22)
  • 6. Section Review (pg. 211,216, 219)
  • 7. Building your Portfolio (pg. 221)
  • 8. American Gov. Wks. (Pg. 40)
  • EXTRA CREDIT (5 PTS.)
  • Voc. Workshop, Reviewing Main Ideas, Thinking
    Critically (pg. 221)
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