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U.S. Political Parties

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Title: U.S. Political Parties


1
U.S. Political Parties
  • CP Political Systems

2
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • What is a political party?
  • Organization of people who share similar ideas
    about the way the country should be governed

3
Political Party Systems
  • 3 Political Party Systems in the World
  • 1.) One Party System Political party and the
    government are the SAME
  • Only 1 party, so no competing ideas
  • Party membership based on lineage, wealth,
    military power, religious power
  • Example China (Communist Party)

4
Political Party Systems
  • 2.) Multi-Party System Three or more parties
    compete for control of the government
  • Common in Europe, Israel, Japan
  • Advantage provides voters with many different
    choices and ideas
  • Disadvantage difficult for one party to get
    majority of votes, which leads to a Coalition
  • EXAMPLE Italy (50 different govts. since
    WWII)
  • Daisy Alliance Sunflower Alliance
    Italian Communist
  • 500,000 votes 450,000 votes
    200,000 votes

Coalition
5
Political Party Systems
  • 3. Two-Party System Two parties compete with
    each other to run the government.
  • Party system of U.S. Democrats and Republicans
  • Advantages Continuity
  • Disadvantages Minority parties (third parties)
    receive little attention focus is on two main
    parties

6
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • George Washington against political parties
  • parties serve their own interests
  • parties not beneficial to American people
  • Parties formed after his exit
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • 2. Federalists

7
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • Democratic-Republicans
  • Supported states rights
  • Supported economy based on agriculture
  • Power in hands of all people
  • Led by Thomas Jefferson

8
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • Federalists
  • Supported strong national govt.
  • Supported economy based on industry
  • Power in hands of wealthy and educated
  • Led by Alexander Hamilton

9
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • Federalists Breakup
  • Federalists gradually disappear no political
    momentum
  • John Adams only party member to be elected
    President
  • Supporters formed new party Whig Party
    (1834-1856)

10
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • Mid 1820s Democratic-Republicans breaking up
  • Democratic Party formed to continue representing
    small farmers and working people

11
U.S. Political PartiesBeginnings
  • 1850s Democratic Party and Whig Party split
    over slavery
  • Pro-slavery voters form Democratic Party
  • Whigs and anti-slavery Democrats formed
    Republican Party

12
U.S Political Parties Beginnings
  • Republican Party
  • 1860 Abe Lincoln becomes 1st Republican
    President
  • Emerges as stronger of 2 parties after Civil War
  • 1865-1931Only 2 Democratic Presidents elected
  • Grover Cleveland
  • Woodrow Wilson

13
U.S. Political PartiesCharacteristics
  • Democratic Party
  • Tends to Attract
  • Working people (blue collar)
  • Liberals
  • Catholics
  • Minorities
  • Union Members
  • People in favor of govt. involvement in social
    policies

14
U.S. Political PartiesCharacteristics
  • Republican Party
  • Tends to attract
  • Businesspeople (white collar)
  • Protestants
  • Conservatives
  • Non-minorities
  • Non-union supporters
  • People against govt.involvement in social
    policies

15
DemocratsThe Issues
  • Abortion
  • Pro Choice
  • Favors contraceptive education to prevent
    necessity of abortion

16
DemocratsThe Issues
  • Gay Rights
  • Should be protected from workplace discrimination
    and hate crimes
  • Should be given equal work benefits like more
    traditional families
  • Largely oppose President Bushs proposal to ban
    gay marriage through a Constitutional Amendment

17
DemocratsThe Issues
  • Gun Control
  • Strong advocates for gun control
  • Supported both the Brady Bill and the Assault
    Weapons Ban

18
DemocratsThe Issues
  • Education
  • More funding for struggling schools is necessary
  • Tax money should not be used on religious schools

19
How about the other side?
20
RepublicansThe Issues
  • Abortion Pro-life Anti-Choice
  • Prefers funding go towards marriage education and
    abstinence only campaigns
  • Have tried several times to pass statutes that
    would allow prosecution of acts that harm fetuses

21
RepublicansThe Issues
  • Gay Rights
  • Against giving gays equal rights in the eyes of
    the law
  • We do not believe sexual preference should be
    given special legal protection or standing in
    law
  • Oppose idea of gay marriage seek to define
    marriage as union between man and woman
  • Supports amendment to the Constitution defining
    marriage

22
RepublicansThe Issues
  • Gun Control
  • Favors allowing the sale of firearms to proceed
    more easily, and with fewer safety precautions
  • Opposes any new gun-control laws
  • Fought the regulation and banning of assault
    weapons

23
RepublicansThe Issues
  • Education
  • Support both the No Child Left Behind program
    and the school vouchers
  • Favor school vouchers because they think that by
    giving students more educational options,
    including religious schooling, a competitive
    market will be created
  • Argue public schools will be forced to improve in
    order to retain students

24
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans usually wear hats.

Ronald Reagan
25
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats usually dont.

Jimmy Carter
26
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats buy banned books.

Bill Clinton
27
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans form censorship committees, and then
    read them.

Barbara Bush
28
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats eat the fish they catch.

FDR Fishing in Warms Springs, GA
29
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans hang them on their wall.

30
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans study the financial pages of the
    newspaper.

31
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats put them on the bottom of their bird
    cage.

32
How To Tell Em Apart
  • On Saturday, Republicans head for the golf
    course, the yacht club, or the hunting lodge.

President George W. Bush yachting and golfing.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower hunting
33
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats get a haircut, wash the car, or go
    bowling.

A younger Bill Clinton bowling
34
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans have guest rooms.

35
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats have spare rooms filled with old baby
    furniture.

36
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans hire exterminators

37
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Democrats step on the bugs

38
How To Tell Em Apart
  • Republicans sleep in twin beds some even in
    separate rooms.

39
How To Tell Em Apart
  • That is why there are more Democrats.

The Kennedy Family
40
(No Transcript)
41
What Do Political Party Members Do??
  • Major function of each party is to get its
    candidate elected to office
  • Steps include
  • Party members nominate, or name the candidates
    they want to run for office

2004 Republican National Convention
42
What Do Political Party Members Do??
  • 2. Party starts an election campaign
  • An effort to gather support for its candidates
    and inform voters of the partys stand on issues
  • Requires many party workers and volunteers to
    perform dozens of job that include
  • Raising funds
  • Polling voters/making phone calls
  • Drive voters to the polls
  • Register voters

John Kerry Campaigning
43
What Do Political Party Members Do?
  • Presidential Election Campaigns

44
What Do Political Party Members Do?
  • 3. Once a partys candidate is elected, the party
    helps the candidate organize and manage the govt.
  • Example When a President is elected, 100s of
    job vacancies in govt. must be filled. Jobs
    usually filled by party members who have
    contributed time, energy and money to the
    campaign.
  • Patronage giving jobs or special favors to party
    workers

45
Political Party Organization
  • Political Parties are organized at every level
  • Local Party Committee Goal is to get
    candidates from party elected to local political
    office, like mayor, city councilman, school
    superintendent, etc

Mayor of Atlanta Shirley Franklin
Alvin Wilbanks Superintendent of GCPS
46
Political Party Organization
  • Political parties are organized at every level
  • State Party Committee Goal is to get candidates
    from party elected to state political office,
    like governor, attorney general, state
    legislator, etc

Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue
47
Political Party Organization
  • Political parties are organized at every level
  • National Party Committee Goal is to get
    candidates from party elected to national
    political office, like President, Senator, House
    Representative

Georgia Representative John Linder
Georgia Senator Saxby Chambliss
President of the U.S. George W. Bush
48
Third Parties
  • What are Third Parties?
  • Parties representing minority opinions that
    challenge the Democrats and Republicans
  • Some successful Third Parties
  • Populist Party 1890s
  • Progressive Party split off from Rep. Part in
    1912
  • Libertarian Party third most popular party in
    U.S. today

49
Third Parties
  • 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  • 1. Parties Tied to a Single Issue
  • Examples
  • Prohibition Party formed in 1872 to support
    banning of alcohol in the U.S.
  • U.S. Marijuana Party formed to support the
    legalization of marijuana in the U.S.
  • Green Party formed to protect the environment

50
Third Parties
  • 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  • 2. Parties Tied to a Political Belief
  • Examples
  • Libertarian Party
  • The Third Party
  • Socialist Parties

51
Third Parties
  • 3 Kinds of Third Parties
  • 3. Parties Tied to a Single Candidate
  • Examples
  • Reform Party formed around Presidential
    candidate Ross Perot in 1996
  • American Independent Party formed around
    Presidential candidate George Wallace in 1968

52
Third Parties
  • America First Party
  • American Heritage Party
  • American Independent Party
  • American Nazi Party
  • Communist Party USA
  • Constitution Party
  • Family Values Party
  • Grassroots Party
  • Green Party
  • Independence Party
  • Labor Party
  • Libertarian Party
  • Light Party
  • Natural Law Party
  • The Third Party
  • Workers World Party
  • Peace and Freedom Party
  • Prohibition Party
  • Reform party
  • The Revolution
  • Socialist Party, USA
  • Southern Independence Party
  • U.S. Pacifist Party
  • Veterans Party of America
  • We the People Party
  • Knights Party
  • Libertarian National Socialist Green Party
  • Pansexual Peace Party
  • Pot Party
  • Constitutional Action Party
  • American Falangist Party
  • U.S. Marijuana Party
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