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Moving for Health: Diabetes

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Moving for Health: Diabetes Get Moving Kentucky! Moving for Health Lesson Series – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Moving for Health: Diabetes


1
Moving for Health Diabetes
  • Get Moving Kentucky!
  • Moving for Health Lesson Series

2
Objectives
  • At the end of this lesson you will be able to
    answer the following questions
  • What is diabetes? What is pre-diabetes?
  • How do I know if I am at risk for diabetes?
  • How does physical activity affect diabetes?
  • What can I do to reduce my risk of diabetes?

3
What Is Diabetes?
  • A disease that occurs when your body cannot
    produce, or properly use insulin
  • Commonly referred to as sugar

4
What Is Insulin?
  • A hormone produced by the pancreas that converts
    sugar, starches, and other foods into energy
  • When the body cannot produce, or use insulin, too
    much sugar stays in the blood
  • Many problems can arise, such as
  • Damage to the heart, kidneys, and eyes
  • Damage to the nerves in the hands and feet

5
Diabetes
  • Diabetes is a common, serious,
  • and costly disease.
  • The good news is most cases of diabetes can be
    prevented or delayed.

6
Types of Diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Body does not produce any insulin
  • Occurs primarily in children and young adults
  • Accounts for 5-10 percent of all diabetes cases
  • Persons must take daily insulin injections to
    stay alive

7
Types of Diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Body is unable to make enough insulin, or
    properly use insulin
  • Most common, accounts for 90-95 percent of all
    cases
  • Most cases can be prevented, or delayed with
    lifestyle changes

8
Types of Diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Detected in some pregnant women during the 24th
    to 28th week of pregnancy
  • Some cases require insulin injections, others can
    be controlled by lifestyle changes
  • 5-10 percent are diagnosed with type 2 after
    pregnancy
  • 20-50 percent develop type 2 within 5-10 years

9
What is Pre-diabetes?
  • Blood sugar levels are above normal, but not high
    enough to be diagnosed as diabetes
  • Many pre-diabetics also have a condition called
    metabolic syndrome
  • Characteristics include
  • Overweight or obese
  • Adipose (fat) tissue collection around the waist
  • High cholesterol
  • Bodies do not use insulin properly

10
Pre-diabetes Facts
  • Most with pre-diabetes will develop type 2
    diabetes within 10 years
  • About 16 million people in the U.S. ages 40 to 74
    have pre-diabetes

11
Prevention
  • Steps can be taken to prevent pre-diabetes from
    turning into diabetes
  • Increase physical activity
  • Lose weight
  • Manage diet

12
Diagnosis
  • Pre-diabetes and diabetes can be detected by a
    simple test performed in a doctors office which
    measures blood sugar levels.
  • If you have pre-diabetes, consult a medical
    professional about what to do to
  • prevent diabetes.
  • If you have diabetes, consult a medical
    professional about how to
  • manage the disease.

13
Diabetes in Kentucky
  • 5th leading cause of death
  • About 1 in every 10 Kentuckians has diabetes
  • One third do not know they have it
  • 1 in every 2 adult Kentuckians is at increased
    risk for developing diabetes
  • Ranked 1st in the nation for percent of adults
    who report no physical activity
  • Ranked 4th in the nation for percent of
    overweight adults based on reported height and
    weight

14
How Do I Know If I Am At Risk?
  • There are modifiable and non-modifiable risk
    factors
  • Modifiable risk factors
  • Those that may be changed through lifestyle and
    behaviors
  • Non-modifiable risk factors
  • Those that cannot be changed

15
Modifiable Risk Factors
  • Weight
  • Low HDL cholesterol, high LDL cholesterol and
    high triglycerides
  • High blood pressure

16
Non-modifiable Risk Factors
  • Increasing age
  • Family history
  • Gestational diabetes, or giving birth to a baby
    weighing 9 pounds or more
  • Belonging to a racial minority group

17
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
  • Frequent infection
  • Slow wound healing
  • Dry skin
  • Or no symptoms
  • at all
  • Fatigue or nausea
  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual thirst
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Blurred vision

18
How Does Physical Activity Affect Diabetes?
  • Your risk of diabetes can be cut in half by
  • Moderate physical activity 30 minutes a day
  • Activities such as walking, gardening, swimming,
    and bicycling are good examples
  • If you are overweight, a loss of 5 to 10 percent
    of your body weight
  • For example, a person weighing 200 pounds can
    decrease their risk by losing 10 to 20 pounds

19
What Can I Do About Diabetes?
  • Maintain a healthy weight, or stop gaining weight
  • Engage in regular physical activity
  • Eat a healthy and balanced diet

20
Summary
  • Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your body
    cannot produce, or properly use insulin
  • There are 3 types Type 1, Type 2, and
    Gestational
  • Pre-diabetes is defined as blood sugar levels
    above normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed
    as diabetes
  • Diabetes is a prevalent disease in Kentucky
  • There are both modifiable and non-modifiable risk
    factors for diabetes
  • Physical activity and weight loss can cut your
    risk of developing diabetes in half

21
  • This presentation was brought to you by the Get
    Moving Kentucky! Program Manual
  • Lesson written by
  • Zaida Belendez, N.D., R.N.
  • The development of the HEEL program was made
    possible by Senator Mitch McConnell with funds
    earmarked for the University of Kentucky, College
    of Agriculture, Lexington, KY and budgeted
    through the CSREES/USDA Federal Administration.
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