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Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

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Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life. Proverbs 4:23 (KJV) Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad King Leopold II Association ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.


1
Keep thy heart with all diligence for out of it
are the issues of life.
  • Proverbs 423 (KJV)

2
Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad
3
King Leopold II
  • Association Internationale Africaine (1876)
  • Congo Free State (1885)
  • Force Publique (1890s)
  • By 1905, 16k Af. mercenaries led by 350 Euro.
    Officers
  • 1908, under pressure, Leo turned over the Congo
    to Belgian Parliament, recd benefits for "his
    great sacrifices made for the Congo"

4
The Congo in 1890
5
Steamers on the Congo
6
Leon Rom
  • The Butcher of the Congo
  • Arrived in 1886 at age 25
  • Made District Commissioner of Matadi
  • Later headed Force Publique
  • Notorious for flower bed
  • Permanent gallows

7
First International Human Rights Movement
8
The chicotte in action
9
(No Transcript)
10
Satire in Action
  • Mark Twain published pamphlet in 1905
  • It pretends to be King Leopold speaking in his
    own defense, but is actually a harsh condemnation
    of his actions
  • By This Sign We Prosper

11
King Leopold IIs Death, 1909
  • Historians estimate 8-10 million perished from
    the violence, forced labor, and starvation caused
    by Leopold's lust for power and profits
  • American poet Vachel Lindsay wrote this epitaph
  • Listen to the yell of Leopold's ghostBurning in
    Hell for his hand-maimed host,Hear how the
    demons chuckle and yellCutting his hands off,
    down in Hell.

12
Outside Issues to Consider
  • Or some things of interest that help decode
    Conrads Heart of Darkness

13
Who are these men?
14
Modernity and Modernism
  • Technological Change Foreign Culture Acute
    Sense of Worlds Lack of Permanence
  • Charles Darwin
  • On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural
    Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races
    in the Struggle for Life (1859)
  • Karl Marx
  • Communist Manifesto (1848)

15
Who are these psychologists?
16
Sigmund Freud
  • 1856-1939
  • 1900 The Interpretation of Dreams
  • The Instincts Eros and Thanatos
  • Structures of the Mind Conscious vs. Unconscious
  • Id
  • Superego
  • Ego

17
Karl Jung
  • 1875-1961
  • 1907 Freuds follower
  • 1909 Falls out of favor with Freud
  • The Collective Unconscious
  • Reservoir of humanitys experiences
  • Universal themes and archetypes result of CU

18
What is this?
19
Dantes Inferno
  • The Commedia is divided into 3 parts called
    Cántica
  • Inferno Power of the Father
  • Purgatorio Wisdom of the Son
  • Paradiso Love of the Holy Spirit
  • Each Cántica contains 33 Cantos
  • Canto I is the introduction, Canto II is the
    entry into the Inferno
  • 3x33991100102
  • Ten is the Perfect Number
  • the square of the Trinity plus the Unity of God
  • 32110

20
The Infernal Layout
  • Sins of the Leopardsins of incontinence
  • Circle One - Those in limbo
  • Circle Two - The lustful
  • Circle Three - The gluttonous
  • Circle Four - The hoarders
  • Circle Five - The wrathful

21
The Infernal Layout Continued
  • Sins of the Lioncold-blooded sins of malice
  • Circle Six - The heretics
  • Circle Seven - The violent
  • Ring 1. Murderers, robbers, and plunderers
  • Ring 2. Suicides and those harmful to the world
  • Ring 3. Those harmful against God, nature, and
    art, as well as usurers

22
The Infernal Layout Continued
  • Sins of the She-Wolfcoldest-blooded sins of
    bestiality
  • Circle Eight - The Fraudulent
  • Malebolge The Evil Ditches
  • Circle Nine Traitors and the Treacherous
    Cocytus
  • Region i Traitors to their kindredCaina
  • Region ii Traitors to their countryAntenora
  • Region iii Traitors to their guestsPtolomea
  • Region iv Traitors to their lordsJudecca
  • Center Lucifer

23
Realism
  • A movement that emerged in mid-nineteenth-century
    France. Realist artists represented the subject
    matter of everyday life (especially that which up
    until then had been considered inappropriate for
    depiction) in a realistic mode.

24
Jean-Francois MilletThe Gleaners, 1857
25
Edouard ManetLe Dejeuner sur lherbe, 1863
26
Thomas EakinsThe Gross Clinic, 1875
27
Impressionism
  • A late nineteenth-century art movement that
    sought to capture a fleeting moment by conveying
    the illusiveness and impermanence of images and
    conditions.

28
Capturing a fleeting moment
  • Anchored in the Industrial Age, primarily in and
    around Paris
  • Industrialization and Urbanization
  • An off-shoot of Realism, which is focused on the
    present, Impressionism focused even more intently
    on a single moment.

29
Claude Monet Soleil levant (Sunrise), 1872
30
Claude Monet Saint-Lazare Train Station, 1877
31
Henri de Toulouse-LautrecAt the Moulin Rouge,
1892-95
32
Vincent Van GoghStarry Night, 1889
(Post-Impressionism)
33
Symbolists
  • In the late nineteenth-century, a group of
    artists and poets who shared a view that the
    artist was not an imitator of nature but a
    creator who transformed the facts of nature in a
    symbol of the inner experience of that fact

34
Symbolism
  • Rise of Avant-Garde
  • Freedom of imagination, expression, and form
  • Haunted by imaginary things
  • Describes the modern psychic lifethe
    expression of intangibles

35
Henri RousseauThe Sleeping Gypsy, 1897
36
Edvard MunchThe Cry, 1893
  • I stopped and leaned against the balustrade,
    almost dead with fatigue. Above the blue-black
    fjord hung the clouds, red as blood and tongues
    of fire. My friends had left me, and alone,
    trembling with anguish, I became aware of the
    vast, infinite cry of nature. epitaph for The
    Cry by E. Munch
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