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The Declaration of Arbroath

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The Declaration of Arbroath Scotland s Most Famous Document Why is it famous? The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of Scottish independence, and set out to ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Declaration of Arbroath


1
The Declaration of Arbroath
  • Scotlands Most Famous Document

2
Why is it famous?
  • The Declaration of Arbroath was a declaration of
    Scottish independence, and set out to confirm
    Scotland's status as an independent, sovereign
    state and its use of military action when
    unjustly attacked.
  • It is in the form of a letter submitted to Pope
    John XXII, dated 6 April 1320. Sealed by
    fifty-one magnates and nobles, the letter is the
    sole survivor of three created at the time.

3
  • The Declaration made a number of points
  • That Scotland had always been independent, indeed
    for longer than England
  • That Edward I of England had unjustly attacked
    Scotland
  • That Robert the Bruce had delivered the Scottish
    nation from this peril
  • And, most controversially, that the independence
    of Scotland was for the Scots people, rather than
    the King of Scots.
  • In fact it stated that the nobility would choose
    someone else to be king if the current one did
    anything to threaten Scotland's independence.

4
(No Transcript)
5
The Declaration of Arbroath
For as long as but a hundred of us remain
alive, never will we on any conditions be brought
under English rule. It is not for glory, nor
riches, nor honours that we are fighting, but for
freedom for that alone, which no honest man
gives up but with life itself
6
Radical Views!
  • Yet if he (Bruce) should give up what he has
    begun, and agree to make us or our kingdom
    subject to the King of England or the English, we
    should exert ourselves at once to drive him out
    as our enemy .

7
Think
  • Can you think of any other country that has a
    document similar to the Declaration of Arbroath?

8
The USA
  • Declaration of Independence
  • We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all
    men are created equal, that they are endowed by
    their Creator with certain unalienable Rights,
    that among these are Life, Liberty, and the
    pursuit of Happiness.
  • That to secure these rights, Governments are
    instituted among Men, deriving their just powers
    from the consent of the governed.
  • That whenever any Form of Government becomes
    destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the
    People to alter or to abolish it.

9
Influence
  • The radical ideas of the Declaration has made it
    famous both in Scotland and internationally, and
    it has been suggested that it had some influence
    on the drafters of the United States Declaration
    of Independence.

10
The People are Sovereign
  • The document subsequently played an influential
    role in the history of Scottish national identity
    and the creation of the common belief that in
    Scotland it is the 'people' that are sovereign,
    rather than the monarch or parliament, as in
    England.

11
Task
  • In pairs write your own declaration.
  • In it say why Scotland should be independent and
    the reasons why you think this.
  • Remember and include it is for the people that
    Scotland should be governed, not for Kings!
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