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F. Scott Fitzgerald

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F. Scott Fitzgerald and The Great Gatsby Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, now regarded as the spokesman for the Lost Generation of the 1920s, was born in St. Paul ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: F. Scott Fitzgerald


1
F. Scott Fitzgerald and The Great Gatsby
2
  • Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, now regarded as the
    spokesman for the Lost Generation of the 1920s,
    was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1896
  • He is a distant relative of the Francis Scott
    Key.
  • .
  • Upon his grandmothers death, Fitzgerald and the
    family received a rather handsome inheritance,
    yet Scott seemed always to be cast into a society
    where others enjoyed more affluence than he.
  • However, unlike Gatsby, a self-made man,
    Fitzgerald inherited family money

3
  • Thanks to another relatives money, Fitzgerald
    was able to enroll in Princeton in 1913. He never
    graduated from the Ivy League school in fact, he
    failed several courses during his undergraduate
    years.
  • However, he wrote for the Triangle Club,
    Princetons musical comedy group, and donned
    swishy, satiny dresses to romp onstage alongside
    attractive chorus girls.
  • Today, Princeton houses his memoirs, including
    letters from Ernest Hemingway, motion picture
    scripts, scrapbooks, and other mementos

4
  • He withdrew from Princeton and entered the war in
    1917, commissioned a second lieutenant in the
    army.
  • While in Officers Candidate School in Alabama, he
    met and fell in love with Zelda Sayre, a
    relationship which was also like Jay Gatsbys
    obsession with Daisy and her fascination with a
    military man.
  • Despite Zeldas breaking their engagement due to
    his small income, they became re-engaged that
    fall not long after his first book was accepted
    for publication
  • . In 1919 his earnings totaled 879 the
    following year, following the publication of This
    Side of Paradise, an instant success, his
    earnings increased to 18,000.

5
  • By 1924 it was clear that Fitzgerald needed a
    change. He, Zelda, and daughter Scottie moved to
    Europe, near the French Riviera, where he first
    met Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, and Edith
    Wharton.
  • To increase earnings he wrote some 160 short
    stories for magazines, works which, by his own
    admission, lacked luster.
  • After Zeldas alcoholism had several times
    forced her commitment to an institution, Scott
    went to Hollywood to write screenplays, and
    struggled unsuccessfully to complete a final
    novel, The Last Tycoon. He died in December of
    1940 after a lifelong battle with alcohol and a
    series of heart attacks.
  • Zelda died in a fire at the institution in which
    she was living in 1946.

6
Introduction to The Great Gatsby
7
  • In 1925, The Great Gatsby was published and
    hailed as an artistic and material success for
    its young author, F. Scott Fitzgerald.
  • In nine chapters, Fitzgerald presents the rise
    and fall of Jay Gatsby, as related in a
    first-person narrative by Nick Carraway.
  • Carraway reveals the story of a farmer's
    son-turned racketeer, named Jay Gatz. His
    ill-gotten wealth is acquired solely to gain
    acceptance into the sophisticated, moneyed world
    of the woman he loves, Daisy Fay Buchanan.
  • His romantic illusions about the power of money
    to buy respectability and the love of Daisythe
    "golden girl" of his dreamsare skillfully and
    ironically interwoven with episodes that depict
    what Fitzgerald viewed as the callousness
    (unfeeling)and moral irresponsibility of the
    affluent (wealthy)American society of the 1920s.

8
  • America at this time experienced a cultural and
    lifestyle revolution.
  • In the economic arena, the stock market boomed,
    the rich spent money on fabulous parties and
    expensive acquisitions, the automobile became a
    symbol of glamour and wealth, and profits were
    made, both legally and illegally.
  • The whirlwind pace of this post-World War I era
    is captured in Fitzgerald's Gatsby, whose tragic
    quest foretell the collapse of that era and the
    onset of disillusionment with the American dream.

9
  • The contrast and gap between Gatsby's dream
    vision and reality is a prominent theme in this
    book.
  • Other motifs in the book include
  • Gatsby's quest for the American Dream
  • Class conflict (the Wilsons vs. the Buchanans and
    the underworld lowbrows vs. Gatsby)
  • The cultural rift between East and West
  • The contrast between innocence and experience in
    the narrator's life.

10
  • The American Dream and The Great Gatsby
  • The American Dream is the idea held by many in
    the United States of America that through hard
    work, courage, and determination one can achieve
    financial and personal success. These were values
    held by many early European settlers, and have
    been passed down to subsequent generations.
  • What the American dream has become is a question
    under constant discussion, and some believe that
    it has led to an emphasis on material wealth as a
    measure of success and/or happiness.
  • The American dream is a concept in our culture
    that unities us all as Americans despite our
    racial, religious, and socio-economic diversity.

11
Settings in The Great Gatsby
  • West Egg- where Nick and Gatsby live, represents
    new money
  • East Egg- where Daisy lives, the more fashionable
    area, represents old money

12
Settings in The Great Gatsby
  • The City- New York City, where the characters
    escape to for work and play
  • The Valley of Ashes- between the City and West
    Egg, where Wilsons
  • gas station is

13
THEMES
  • While The Great Gatsby explores a number of
    themes, none is more important than that of the
    corruption of the American dream
  • The society in which the novel takes place is one
    of excess of pleasure seeking and moral decay.
  • Whether their money is inherited or earned, its
    inhabitant are immorally living life in quest of
    cheap thrills and with no real purpose to their
    lives.

14
The Great GatsbyMajor Symbols
The Green Light and the Color Green
The green light at the end of Daisys dock is the
symbol of Gatsbys hopes and dreams
15
Symbols in The Great Gatsby
  • The Eyes of Dr. T. J. Ekleburg- A decaying
    billboard in the Valley of Ashes with eyes
    advertising an optometrist. There are multiple
    proposed meanings, including the representation
    of Gods moral judgment on society.

16
The Valley of Ashes
An area halfway between New York City and West
Egg, the Valley of Ashes is an industrial
wasteland covered in ash and soot. If New York
City represents all the mystery and beauty in
the world, and West Egg represents the people
who have gotten rich off the roaring economy of
the Roaring Twenties, the Valley of Ashes stands
for the dismal ruin of the people caught in
between
17
Old Money Vs. New MoneyWEST EGG/ EAST EGG
  • New Money
  • Someone who has achieved the American Dream
  • Not as respected in the 1920s
  • Old Money
  • Money from family wealth
  • Born rich
  • Not earned through work done by yourself
  • Respected above all in the 1920s

18
Character List
  • Nick Carraway Nick is the first person narrator
    and protagonist of the novel
  • every incident is filtered through and
    interpreted by him. Nick
  • represents the middle class.
  • Jay Gatsby (James Gatz) Gatsby is the supposed
    hero of the novel. He is a slipperycharacter his
    language, home, books, cars, and attire all
    glimmer like gold, but no one really knows what
    goes on
  • inside of him or who he is.
  • Daisy Buchanan Daisy is a Louisville, Kentucky,
    socialite born into tremendous wealth. She is an
    empty-headed character, as fake and airy as her
    voice. She is lovely, slight, and careless. She
    lacks any
  • substance.

19
Character List
  • Tom Buchanan Tom is Daisys husband, a native
    Chicagoan from a hugely
  • wealthy family. He is rugged, gigantic, and
    brash, as well as
  • racist, arrogant, and adulterous.
  • Jordan Baker Jordan is a golferyoung, taut, and
    tanand a pseudo love
  • interest of Nicks. Jordan, too, lacks substance.
  • Myrtle Wilson Myrtle is a resident of the valley
    of ashes, wife of George
  • Wilson, mistress of Tom Buchanan. She is
    desperate to escape
  • her fate.

20
Character List
  • George Wilson George is the sad proprietor of
    the gas station in the valley of ashes. He is the
    product of his economic hardship. George is
    Myrtle Wilsons husband.
  • Doctor T. J. Eckleburg T. J. Eckleburg is the
    doctor whose advertisementa billboard featuring
    a pair of gigantic blue eyes behind enormous
    yellow spectacleslooks down upon the valley of
    ashes. GeorgeWilson calls those eyes the eyes of
    God.

21
F. Scott Fitzgeralds Impact on Society
  • Fitzgerald named the 1920s The Jazz Age
  • Wrote screenplays for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
  • Created the The Great Gatsby which is said to be
    the most accurate description of the 1920s

22
The Jazz Age
  • Prohibition was in effect
  • Dances such as the Charleston were popular
  • Popular sayings included 23 Skidoo, Bees Knees
  • Economy was in a Boom

23
The Flappers
  • Flappers were women who rebelled against the
    fashion and social norms of the early 1900s.
  • They married at a later age and drank and smoked
    in public
  • Flappers were known for their carefree lifestyles.

24
Flapper Fashion
  • Flappers dressed in shapeless dresses that came
    to the knee.
  • Dresses were made to look boy-like
  • Gender bending was common. Women would try to
    make themselves look more man-like.
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