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Changes in Medieval Society 1000 - 1300

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Revival of Trade Growth of Towns and ... Later evolved into the Middle Class Changes in Medieval Society Characteristics of Medieval ... Usually had a cathedral, town ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Changes in Medieval Society 1000 - 1300


1
Changes in Medieval Society 1000 - 1300
How Europe Emerged from the Dark Ages
  • Increase in food supply and population
  • Development of Guilds
  • Revival of Trade
  • Growth of Towns and Cities
  • Revival of Learning

2
Changes in Medieval Society
Growing Food Supply
  • Climate grew warmer between 800-1000
  • Development of a new harness for horses improved
    plowing techniques
  • New system of crop rotation

3
Changes in Medieval Society
Improvements in Farming
Two Field System 600 Acres
Planted 300 Acres
Fallow 300 Acres
4
Changes in Medieval Society
Improvements in Farming
Three Field System 600 Acres
Wheat or Rye 200 Acres
Barley, Peas, Oats, Beans 200 Acres
Fallow 200 Acres
5
Revival of Towns and Trade
Population of Europe
42 Million
30 Million
1150 AD
1000 AD
6
Changes in Medieval Society
Medieval Guilds
  • Merchant Guilds - Formed by merchants in a town.
  • Members had monopoly rights
  • Set standards of quality for members
  • Provided welfare and charity for members
    families
  • Craft Guilds-Associations of a particular trade
    or craft
  • Set prices for goods and services
  • Regulated wages, hours, and labor conditions
  • Established an apprentice system for training
    masters

7
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8
Changes in Medieval Society
Trade Fairs
Local Fairs - Small community fairs where local
merchants exchanged goods Great Fairs - Large
trade fairs held four times a year in which
traveling merchants sold goods from throughout
the world. They created a large demand for
eastern goods and led to widespread trade.
9
Changes in Medieval Society
10
Changes in Medieval Society
The Commercial Revolution Commercial Revolution
The expansion of trade and changes in banking
practices Capitalism - Economic system in which
individuals invest wealth in order to produce
profits.
11
Changes in Medieval Society
  • Urban Life Flourishes
  • The Growth of Towns and Cities
  • Peasants (Serfs) often fled to towns from manors.
    After living in a town for a year and a day, they
    became free
  • Burgh - A walled Town
  • Burgher - A person who lived in a town
  • Bourgeoisie - Town dwellers in France. Later
    evolved into the Middle Class

12
Characteristics of Medieval Towns
1.Usually located on top of a hill or
on a riverbend and surrounded by a wall 2.
Population generally 5000-10,000 3. Usually had a
cathedral, town hall, and guild halls. Streets
were dark and dirty. Plagues often swept
through towns.
13
Medieval Education
As towns grew, associations for learning and
teaching were established and became known as
Universities The major universities were
founded in the 12th Century.
14
Medieval Universities
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