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VICTORIAN NOVEL

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VICTORIAN NOVEL Literary Background VICTORIAN NOVEL During the Victorian Age for the first time there was a communion of interests and opinions between writers ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: VICTORIAN NOVEL


1
VICTORIAN NOVEL
2
Literary Background VICTORIAN NOVEL
  • During the Victorian Age for the first time there
    was a
  • communion of interests and opinions between
  • writers and readers enormous growth of
    the
  • middle classes who were avid consumers of
    literature,
  • they borrowed books from circulating libraries
    and read
  • various periodicals.
  • A great deal of Victorian Literature was first
    published
  • in instalments in the pages of periodicals, which
    allowed
  • the writer to feel he was in constant contact
    with his
  • readers.

3
Literary Background VICTORIAN NOVEL
  • The NOVEL became the most popular form of
    literature and also the main form of
    entertainment since books were read aloud within
    the family.
  • NOVELISTS felt they had a moral and social
    responsibility to fulfil
  • they depicted society as they saw it (realism)
    and denounced its evils (criticism)
  • they aimed at making readers realise social
    injustices

4
Literary Background VICTORIAN NOVEL
  • WOMEN WRITERS
  • a great number of novels were written by women.
  • This is surprising if we consider the state of
    subjection of
  • Victorian women, but at the same time they were
    the
  • majority of novel-buyers and of readers.
  • However, it was not easy to publish books, so
    some
  • women writers decided to use male pseudonyms in
    order
  • to see their novels in print.

5
VICTORIAN NOVEL main features
  • The narrator is obtrusive and omniscient
  • he provides his comments on the plot and he
    establishes
  • a rigid barrier between what is right or
    wrong (judge)
  • retribution and punishment usually appear in
    the final
  • chapter where all the events, adventures,
    incidents are
  • explained and justified.
  • Didactic aim
  • Linearity (stories have a beginning, a middle,
    an end)

6
VICTORIAN NOVEL main features
  • Long complicated plots and sub-plots
  • Urban setting the city was the most common
    setting, the main symbol of industrial
    civilisation as well the expression of anonymous
    lives and lost identities
  • Precise creation of characters and deep analysis
    of characters inner lives (psychology)
  • Most popular genre Bildungsroman (novel of
    formation)
  • Main themes money, wealth, realistic portrait of
    society denouncing its injustices and iniquities

7
VICTORIAN NOVEL
From a structural point of view we can divide
Victorian Novels mainly into three groups 1)
EARLY-VICTORIAN NOVEL (or social-problem novel)
dealing with social and humanitarian
themes realism, criticism of social evils, but
faith in progress, general optimism The main
representative writer was CHARLES DICKENS


8
VICTORIAN NOVEL
2) MID-VICTORIAN NOVEL (novel of purpose) showing
Romantic and Gothic elements and a psychological
interest. The main representative writers were
the BRONTË sisters and R.L. STEVENSON
9
VICTORIAN NOVEL
3) LATE- VICTORIAN NOVEL (naturalistic
novel near to European Naturalism) showing a
scientific look at human life, objectivity of
observation, dissatisfaction with Victorian
values. The main representative writers were
T. HARDY and O. WILDE.

10
VICTORIAN NOVEL
  • Other minor forms of novel developed in this
    period
  • 4) Novel of Manners
  • focusing on economic problems of a particular
    class (W.Thackeray)
  • 5) Colonialist Fiction
  • presenting an exaltation of British imperialistic
    power (R.Kipling)
  • 6) Nonsense literature
  • dealing with fantastic adventures (L.Carroll)
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