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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Fernando Trujillo Concepts and Terms The United Kingdom Great Britain England, Scotland, Wales & Northern ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


1
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland
  • Fernando Trujillo

2
Concepts and Terms
  • The United Kingdom
  • Great Britain
  • England, Scotland, Wales Northern Ireland

3
Geography
North to South 955 kms East to West 483 kms
(approx.)
1 Fuente http//www.statistics.gov.uk/
4
Geography
5
History
  • Celtic communities from 600 BC
  • Romans from 55 BC until circa 440
  • Germanic tribes Angles, Saxons, Frisians and
    Jutes
  • From first half of 5th century to 1066.
  • Scandinavian tribes from 8th to 11th centuries
  • Normans from 14th October 1066 (up to 14th
    century)

6
History
Ireland Wales Scotland
Annexation 1169 1282-5 1603
Union 1801 1536-42 1707
7
History sample of migrations
  • Between 11th 13th centuries
  • Pre-capitalist migrations Normans, Italians,
    Flemish, Dutch, Germans.
  • Between 16th 17th centuries
  • Ideological, religious and economic migrations
    French Huguenots, Dutch Protestants, Gipsies,
    African Slaves.
  • 20th century
  • Increase in immigration from the Commonwealth,
    notably the Indian sub-continent (India,
    Pakistan, Bangladesh ) and the Caribbean.
  • Increase in migration to and from other EU member
    states.
  • Increase in the number of people seeking asylum
    in Britain asylum-seekers from the Balkans, the
    Middle East, and South Asia (particularly the
    former Yugoslavia, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan and
    Sri Lanka)

8
Migrations
  • Ethnic minorities are not spread evenly
    throughout the country.
  • The ethnic minority population, 47 per cent of
    whom had been born in Britain, is young and
    growing.
  • Blacks and Bangladeshis in the professions are so
    few that they dont show up in the percentages
    (...) but Indians, both male and female, are
    highly represented here. Unskilled jobs are
    largely done by Blacks and Whites (though the
    percentage of Blacks is double of the Whites).
  • The highest percentage of overall unemployment is
    to be found among the Pakistanis and
    Bangladeshis, at 27.9 per cent, with Blacks only
    a shade less badly off. But Blacks were worst off
    with regard to long-term (over a year)
    unemployment, at 15.8 per cent (...) Among
    Whites, by contrast, overall unemployment was at
    9.1 per cent and long-term at 4.0 per cent.
  • Slowly, Black and Asian numbers were increasing
    in the police forces, as also in local government
    and many other walks of life.
  • In the five years 1988-93, reported racist
    attacks doubled.
  • Marwick, A. 1996. British Society since 1945.
    London Penguin.
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