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Regional Civilizations

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Regional Civilizations How Did Regional Civilizations Expand the Scope of World History? Extending beyond borders of any single nation or empire, Regional ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regional Civilizations


1
Regional Civilizations
  • How Did Regional Civilizations Expand the Scope
    of World History?

2
Extending beyond borders of any single nation or
empire, Regional Civilizations linked together
diverse nations within a shared culture.
3
Shared Cultures
  • Sometimes they were based on a common religion
  • Or a common culture forced on them by a powerful
    empire
  • Sometimes it was a Geographic Feature - plains or
    mountains

4
Important Regional Civilizationsbetween 500 and
1500 B.C.
  • Christian Europe
  • Muslim Eurasia and North Africa
  • The Trading States of Africa south of the Sahara
  • The Chinese influence in East Asia

5
Christendom and Islam
  • Each religion shared powerful beliefs among
    diverse people
  • Both religions felt compelled to spread their
    religion

6
Christianity
  • During Roman times, Christianity spread around
    the Mediterranean and westward across Europe.
    During the Middle Ages, the Christian religion
    spread eastward to the Black Sea. Medieval
    institutions such as feudalism, the Manor system,
    and Medieval Christian churches flourished. Roman
    Catholic in the West, Greek Orthodox in the East.

7
Islam
  • The Prophet Muhammad proclaimed the Muslim faith
    in the 600s. Believers spread Islam across North
    Africa, western Asia and parts of southern
    Europe. Because of Islam, cities grew, literacy
    spread, and long-distance trade advanced, and
    philosophy and art developed. Islam, like
    Christianity, shaped and influenced the culture
    of many. From Arabia to the Eurasian Steppes,
    from West Africa to India and Southeast Asia.

8
Africa and Asia
  • These Regions saw a different kind of Regional
    Civilizations.
  • In Africa, Geography and Trade was the link
    between people,
  • While in Asia, Chinas great culture established
    a common culture over a wide region.

9
West and East Africa
  • People of the Savannas in West Africa built
    similar kingdoms and empires. They grew because
    of the Muslim traders from the North, and the
    Guinea Gold Mines in the South.
  • In East Africa, Muslim merchants and African
    rulers built a series of profit-making
    city-states down the East coast of Africa. These
    cities became a trading link to the East opening
    the door to India and China as well as the rest
    of the Mediterranean world.

10
East Asia
  • Chinas ascending power continued to influence
    nearby territories, especially Korea and Japan.
    Assimilated traits from China were Confucian
    philosophy, the belief in Devine Emperors, and
    the Chinese version of Buddhism.

11
Looking Ahead
  • Regional Civilizations were more than just
    kingdoms and empires. They introduced cultural
    and economic characteristics to regions that were
    to large to politically unify. Next, Regional
    Civilizations headed toward Global
    Interdependence (meaning, they were unable to
    exist or survive without each other) after
    European Expansion began in 1492.
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