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A brief history of ancient Greece

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A brief history of ancient Greece 1. The Persian Wars, 499 - 479 B.C. The greatest extent of the Persian Empire, ca. 490 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A brief history of ancient Greece


1
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • 1. The Persian Wars, 499 - 479 B.C.
  • The greatest extent of the Persian Empire, ca.
    490

2
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • 2. The Golden Age, or Periclean Age, 480 - 431
    B.C. (In art history, this period is referred to
    as the Classical Period)
  • Socrates was born in 469 B.C., near the beginning
    of the Golden Age.

3
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Plato was born in 428 B.C., near the end of this
    age.
  • Ancient Greece was a federation of 150
    city-states.
  • The defeat of the Persians brought a new
    awareness of the commonness of these peoples in
    language, religion, and customs.
  • But they never achieved political unity.

4
  • The maximum extent of the Athenian Empire
  • From John Boardman, Jasper Griffin, Oswyn
    Murray, The Oxford History of the Classical World
    (NY Oxford University Press, 1986) 134.

5
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • The golden side of the Golden Age
  • Government support for widows and orphans
  • A high rate of literacy
  • A great building program
  • The Parthenon

6
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Great playwrites
  • Euripides, Aristophanes, Sophocles
  • The physician, Hippokrates
  • The historian Thucydides

7
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Cleisthenes initiated the democratic form of
    government c. 508 B.C. (a bit before the Golden
    Age)
  • The form of democracy - very direct vs
    representative
  • But excluded women, slaves, the allies of Athens
  • About 40,000 adult males were eligible to vote

8
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • The tarnished side of the Golden Age
  • Slaves made up one-third of the population
  • Women were not educated, had no property rights,
    and were for the most part excluded from the
    public sphere

9
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Growing tension between alliances of city states
    centered around Athens and Sparta

10
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • 3. The Peloponnesian War, 431 - 404 B.C.
  • Between alliances centered around Athens and
    Sparta
  • Athens lost

11
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • 4. The Hellenistic Age, 338 B.C. - 200 A.D.
  • In 338, Philip of Macedonia conquered Greece
  • When Philip was assassinated in 336 B.C.,
    Alexander took over the empire.
  • Alexander spread the Greek language and culture
    throughout his expanding empire.

12
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Mosaic of Alexander fighting Darius (Persian King)

13
A brief history of ancient Greece
  • Hence the word Hellenic, of or pertaining to
    the ancient Greeks.

14
Socrates Life
  • Socrates (c.470 - 399 B.C.)
  • Born in Athens to a wealthy family
  • Married, had several sons
  • Distinguished himself in the Peloponnesian War
    (431 - 404 B.C.)
  • His profession was a travelling teacher
  • His debates with other members of his profession
    and the label, sophist

15
Socrates Life
  • Socrates
  • Vatican Museums
  • Rome

16
Socrates Life
  • His innovative method of teaching, still known as
    the Socratic method
  • His interest in teaching ethics and his claim
    that virtue is a kind of knowledge
  • Might be called ethical intellectualism
  • It follow that virtue can be taught

17
Socrates Life
  • His most famous student - Plato
  • Socrates wrote nothing!

18
Socrates Life
  • His famous trial
  • The Apology give Platos account of the trial
  • Occurred in 399 B.C.
  • The charge
  • Socrates was found guilty
  • Executed by taking poison
  • Davids painting of the death of Socrates

19
Socrates Life
  • Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825)
  • The Death of Socrates
  • 1787
  • Oil on canvas
  • 51 x 77 1/4 in. (129.5 x 196.2 cm)
  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
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