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Classical%20Mediterranean

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Title: Regents Review - Ancient Greece Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: NPSD Created Date: 4/19/2004 1:53:14 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classical%20Mediterranean


1
Classical Mediterranean
  • Chapter 4

2
Mediterranean Civilization?
3
Proto- Greeks
4
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5
Crete Minoan Civilization (Palace at Knossos)
6
Knossos Minoan Civilization
7
Minoan Civilization
8
The Mycenaean Civilization
9
The Geography of Greece
10
Root of Greek Culture
  • Homer

11
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12
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13
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14
Greek Unity
  • Language
  • barbarian
  • Iliad Odyssey by Homer
  • Olympics
  • Humanism Rationalism
  • Trade

15
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16
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17
The Ancient Olympics Athletes Trainers
18
The Classical Greek Ideal
19
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
20
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21
"Hellenic" (Classical) Greece 700 BCE - 324 BCE
22
ATHENS Yesterday Today
23
Great Athenian Philosophers
  • Socrates
  • Know thyself! question everything only the
    pursuit of goodness brings happiness.
  • Plato
  • world of the forms The Republic ?
    philosopher-king
  • Aristotle
  • Golden Mean Logic.

24
Athens The Arts Sciences
  • DRAMA (tragedians)
  • Aeschylus
  • Sophocles
  • Euripides
  • THE SCIENCES
  • Pythagoras
  • Democritus ? all matter made up of
    small atoms.
  • Hippocrates ? Father of Medicine

25
Phidias Acropolis
26
The Acropolis Today
27
The Parthenon
28
The Agora
29
The Classical Greek Ideal
30
Olympia
31
The Ancient Olympics Athletes Trainers
32
Olympia Temple to Hera
33
SPARTA
34
SPARTA
Helots ? Messenians enslaved by the
Spartans.
35
Peloponnesian Wars
36
Macedonia Under Philip II
37
"Hellenistic" Greece 324 BCE - 100 BCE
38
Alexander the Great
39
Alexander the Greats Empire
40
Alexander the Great in Persia
41
The Hellenization of Asia
42
Pergamum A Hellenistic City
43
The Economy of the Hellenistic World
44
The Breakup of Alexanders Empire
45
Legacy of Greece
  • Democracy
  • Art Literature
  • Commercial trade
  • Rational thought humanism

46
Rome
  • As Hellenistic Empires dominated the Eastern
    Mediterranean, Rome was rising in the West

47
The Geography of Rome
48
Proto- Romans
49
Etruscans (750 BCE)
50
The Mythical Founding of Rome Romulus Remus
51
The Roman Republic 509 BCE - 27 BCE
52
Republican Government
2 Consuls (Rulers of Rome)
Senate (Representative body for
patricians) Tribal Assembly
(Representative body for plebeians)
53
The Twelve Tables, 450 BCE
  • Providing political and social rights for the
    plebeians.

54
The Roman Forum
55
Romes Early Road System
56
Roman Roads The Appian Way
57
Roman Aqueducts
58
The Roman Colosseum
59
The Colosseum Interior
60
Circus Maximus
61
Carthaginian Empire
62
Reform Leaders
  • Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
  • the poor should be given grain and small plots of
    free land.

Military Reformer
  • Gaius Marius
  • recruited an army from the poor and homeless.
  • professional standing army.

63
Civil War Dictators
Julius Caesar
Pompey
64
Crossing the Rubicon, 49 BC
The Die is Cast!
65
The First Triumvirate
  • Julius Caesar
  • Marcus Licinius Crassus
  • Gaius Magnus Pompey

66
Beware the Ides of March! 44 BCE
67
The Second Triumvirate
  • Octavian Augustus
  • Marc Antony
  • Marcus Lepidus

68
The Roman Empire 27 BCE - 476 CE
69
Octavian Augustus Romes First Emperor
70
Pax Romana 27 BCE 180 CE
71
The Greatest Extent of the Roman Empire 14 CE
72
Imperial Roman Road System
73
The Empire in Crisis 3c
74
Diocletian Splits the Empire in Two 294 CE
75
Constantine 312 - 337
76
Constantinople The 2nd Rome (Founded in 330)
77
Barbarian Invasions 4c-5c
78
The Legacy of Rome
  • Republic Government
  • Roman Law
  • Latin Language
  • Roman Catholic Church
  • City Planning
  • Roman Engineering
  • Aqueducts
  • Sewage systems
  • Dams
  • Cement
  • Arch

79
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80
The Rise of Christianity
81
St. Paul Apostle to the Gentiles
82
The Spread of Christianity
83
Attila the Hun The Scourge of God
84
Byzantium The Eastern Roman Empire
85
The Byzantine Empire During the Reign of Justinian
86
The Byzantine Emperor Justinian
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