U.S. History I - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – U.S. History I PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 83b82a-YjgzY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

U.S. History I


U.S. History I Chapter 9 An Emerging World Power – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:45
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 25
Provided by: inu83


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: U.S. History I

U.S. History I
  • Chapter 9
  • An Emerging World Power

U.S. History I
  • Chapter 9 Section 1
  • The Roots of Imperialism

  • The Causes of Imperialism
  • Imperialists Seek Economic Benefits
  • Imperialism the economic and political
    domination by a strong country over a weaker one
  • Extractive Economies Country whos raw materials
    are taken by imperial country-most benefit is to
    home country
  • Protectorate a country which is technically
    independent but is under the control of another
  • Imperialists Stress Military Strength
  • Alfred T. Mahan Wrote Influence of Sea Power
    Upon History
  • Imperialists Believe in National Superiority
  • Anglo-Saxonism the argument that English
    speaking nations were superior to others
  • Josiah Strong Minister who sent missions to
    civilize world
  • Social-Darwinism Life is a competition and only
    fittest survive
  • Frederick Jackson Turner Open west was safety
    valve for tension in U.S. Now that west was
    settled, Americans needed new valve

  • U.S. Power Grows in the Pacific
  • Perry Opens Japan
  • Matthew C. Perry (1853) ordered by President
    Pierce to force trade between the US and Japan
  • Succeeds when Japanese sees size of fleet as a
  • Seward Purchases Alaska (1867) from Russia for
    7.2 Million
  • U.S. Influence Grows in Latin America
  • James G. Blaine
  • Pan-Americanism US and Latin America working
  • 1889 Pan-American conference
  • Customs union
  • Reduce tariffs
  • Latin countries refused to do these but agreed to
    create the Commercial Bureau of American
    Republics (later called the Organization of
    American States OAS)

  • Commodore Perry
  • Negotiating With Japan
  • Maps Latin America (Top)
  • Alaska, Japan, and Hawaii

The United States Acquires Hawaii
  • Why Hawaii?
  • Sugarcane
  • Pineapple
  • Hawaii exempt from sugar tariffs
  • Tensions mount between planters and Hawaiians
    over new constitution
  • McKinley Tariff makes Hawaiian sugar more
    expensive than American sugar
  • Hawaiis economy suffers
  • Queen Liliuokalani takes throne 1891
  • Tries to change constitution in 1892
  • Planters back movement to overthrow Queen
  • Aided by the Marines, Planters force Queen
    Liliuokalani to abdicate the throne (1883)
  • President Cleveland tries to restore Queen to
  • Senate refuses to ratify treaty
  • 1898 US annexes Hawaii (After Spanish-American
    War Began)

Sanford Dole and Queen Lili (Map) Hawaii,
Guam, Samoa
Section 2 The Spanish-American War
  • Causes of the War
  • The Cuban Rebellion Begins
  • 1895 Cuban rebels declare independence
  • José Martí, Cuban exile who tried to gain support
    while living in NYC (Bottom Left)
  • The Yellow Press Inflames Opinion
  • William Randolph Hearst, New York Journal (Left)
  • Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, Spanish Ambassador
  • One of his letters published in New York Journal
    enrages the nation
  • Jingoism Aggressive Nationalism
  • Joseph Pulitzer, The World
  • Competition to increase circulation of their
  • Yellow Journalism exaggerated, sensationalist,
    often false stories made up to sell more papers
  • Led to many Americans supporting Cuba

The Maine Blows Up!
  • Maine explosion 1898
  • 266 dead,
  • Many blamed Spain
  • (USS Maine Below, Hearst Article Blaming Spain
    Top Right, and Spanish Misrule Cartoon)

  • American Troops Battle the Spanish
  • The United States Takes the Philippines
  • George Dewey leads squadron into Manila Bay
  • Emilio Aguinaldo, a Filipino revolutionary leader
    starts a guerrilla war against Spain after being
    contacted by President McKinley
  • Thinks American troops are there to assist him
  • Leads to hostilities been Filipinos and Americans
  • American Forces Battle in Cuba
  • Rough Riders land in Cuba led by Leonard Wood
    and second in command Theodore Roosevelt
  • Kettle Hill, Rough Riders accompanied by all
    African American regiment of the 9th and 10th
    calvary (many of which were volunteers)
  • Spanish surrender and on August 12, 1898 Spain
    and the U.S. agree to a cease-fire

Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines
  • Emilio Aguinaldo

Rough Riders and Buffalo Soldiers
  • Effects of the War
  • Treaty of Paris
  • Cuba given freedom
  • U.S. takes control of Guam and Puerto Rico
  • U.S. trying to determine what to do with the
  • The Debate Over Annexation
  • Imperialists wanted to annex the Philippines
  • Teach the uncivilized people how to live properly
  • Free the oppressed
  • Anti-Imperialists
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • Imperialism costs would outweigh the economic
  • Jane Addams
  • Annexation would be against American principles
  • Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain-Left)
  • Annexation would be against American principles
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Worried about competition for jobs and drive down

U.S. History I
  • Chapter 9 Section 3
  • The U.S. and East Asia
  • 3.1, 9.3, 9.4

  • Filipinos Rebel Against American Rule
  • Emilio Aguinaldo calls for troops to attack
    Americans Insurrection rebellion
  • Guerilla Warfare non-traditional small arms
    combat Aguinaldo captured 1901
  • 5,000 Americans and 200,000 Filipinos die
  • General Arthur MacArthur (Douglas MacArthurs
  • Sets up re-concentration camps to separate
    guerilla warriors from civilians
  • Thousands die from starvation and disease

Reforms lead to promise of Self-ruleeventually
  • William Howard Taft, 1st US civilian governor
  • tried to reform education, transportation and
  • Building railroads, bridges, telephone lines to
    strengthen the economy
  • Public schools
  • 1946 Philippines gain independence from the U.S.

The U.S. Pursues Interests in China
  • Theodore Roosevelts Rise to Power
  • President McKinley asked Teddy to run as his Vice
    President in 1900
  • The Election of 1900
  • McKinley vs. William Jennings Bryan
  • Four More Years of the Full Dinner Pail
  • 9/6/1901 Leon Czogosz, shoots McKinley
  • Teddy (age 42) takes office
  • Roosevelt Becomes President
  • Believed the US had a duty to shape the less
    civilized corners of the world
  • Wanted the US to be a world power

  • America Declares Equal Trade in China
  • Exports to China increased 4x
  • The Open Door Policy John Hay
  • Sphere of Influence a section of a country
    where one foreign nation enjoys special rights
    and powers
  • Open Door Policy a policy that allows each
    foreign nation in China to trade freely in the
    other nations spheres of influence
  • The Boxer Rebellion
  • Chinese movement to rid themselves of foreign
  • Group members attacked foreign embassies in
  • U.S. retains access to Chinese exports due to
    Secretary of State John Hays urging of foreign
    powers to accept compensation for damages rather
    than attack China and break it into colonies

  • Tensions Rise Between America and Japan
  • Negotiating peace between Japan and Russia, aided
    by outcome of Boxer Rebellion Russo-Japanese War
  • Roosevelt won Nobel Peace Prize 1906
  • Japan and US relations wither
  • Anti-Asian Protests in U.S. (Gentlemans
  • Great White Fleet voyage
  • Increased tensions rather than elevating them

The Great White Fleet
  • U.S. Policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba
  • Foraker Act
  • Puerto Rico becomes an unincorporated territory
  • Puerto Ricans not US citizens
  • Puerto Ricans did not have constitutional rights
  • Congress could pass any laws they wanted in
    regards to Puerto Rico
  • Slowly gain self governance
  • 1917 Puerto Ricans become US citizens
  • 1947 hold elections for governor
  • Debate on statehood, commonwealth, or
    independence still a heated topic today

  • U.S. Policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba
  • McKinley makes promises
  • Eventual independence for Cuba
  • Own constitution
  • McKinley puts stipulations
  • Platt Amendment
  • Stipulations
  • Cuba cannot make treaties with other countries
    which would weaken its independence
  • Cuba must allow the US to buy or lease naval
    stations in Cuba
  • Cubas debts had to be kept low to stop possible
    foreign collectors from landing on the island
  • US had the right to intervene to protect Cubas
    independence and to keep order
  • Cubans rejected it at first, later change their
  • Repealed in 1934

Roosevelt Pursues Big Stick Diplomacy
  • A Growing Presence in the Caribbean
  • Speak softly and carry a big stick Policy
  • The Panama Canal
  • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty
  • Revolt in Panama
  • Rid of Columbian influence
  • Panama becomes independent
  • Signs treaty with US to build canal

  • The Roosevelt Corollary To Monroe Doctrine
  • The U.S. should and would intervene in Latin
    American affairs when needed to maintain economic
    and political stability---------------------------
  • 1st applied in the Dominican Republic
  • Latin American countries resent involvement
  • Dollar Diplomacy William Howard Taft
  • Tafts policy, which follows T. Roosevelts
  • Substituted dollars for bullets
  • Nicaragua got both bullets and money
  • Moral diplomacy Woodrow Wilson
  • U.S. Should promote human rights and opportunity
  • never again seek one additional foot of
    territory by conquest
  • Francisco Poncho Villa Pursued by U.S. troops
    for an attack on Americans that left 18 dead (SEE
    Page 274)
About PowerShow.com