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Study of Authority, Part II

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Title: Study of Authority, Part II


1
Study of Authority, Part II
2
Study of Authority 2
  • Last session we learned
  • What authority is
  • Our Source of Authority
  • Not ourselves
  • Not other men
  • Not preachers
  • Not creeds (see next slide since it was
    overlooked in last lesson)

3
Study of Authority 2
  • Creeds of men?
  • Some believe the Bible is like the US
    constitution, it needs amending from time to
    time. They think since times change, so should
    the Bible and religion.
  • Matthew 24.35 Heaven and earth will pass away,
    but My words will by no means pass away.
  • 2 Peter 1.3 His divine power has granted to us
    everything pertaining to life and godliness
  • 2 Tim. 3.16-17 All Scriptures is given by
    inspiration of God

4
Study of Authority 2
  • Last session we learned
  • What authority is
  • Our Source of Authority
  • Not ourselves
  • Not other men
  • Not preachers
  • Not creeds
  • Not Old Testament
  • Not desires of the congregation
  • BUT CHRIST Matthew 28.18

5
Study of Authority 2
  • Today we will look at HOW to establish authority
    from the Scriptures 2 Tim. 3.16-17 Col. 3.17
    2 Tim. 2.15

6
Study of Authority 2
  • 2 Timothy 3.16-17
  • All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and
    is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for
    correction, for instruction in righteousness,
  • 17 that the man of God may be complete,
    thoroughly equipped for every good work.

7
Study of Authority 2
  • Colossians 3.17
  • And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in
    the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God
    the Father through Him.
  • 2 Tim. 2.15
  • Be diligent to present yourself approved to God,
    a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly
    dividing the word of truth.

8
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Direct Commandment
  • Some examples
  • All must repent Acts 17.30 Luke 13.3-5
  • Acts 17.30 "Truly, these times of ignorance God
    overlooked, but now commands all men everywhere
    to repent
  • Luke 13.3, 5 I tell you, no but unless you
    repent you will all likewise perish.
  • Luke 24.47 "and that repentance and remission of
    sins should be preached in His name to all
    nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

9
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Direct Commandment
  • Some examples
  • All must repent Acts 17.30 Luke 13.3-5
  • All must be baptized to be saved Mark 16.16
    Acts 2.38

10
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Direct Commandment
  • Some examples
  • All must repent Acts 17.30 Luke 13.3-5
  • All must be baptized to be saved Mark 16.16
    Acts 2.38
  • All disciples contribute 1 Cor. 16.1-2
  • Now concerning the collection for the saints, as
    I have given orders to the churches of Galatia,
    so you must do also
  • 2 On the first day of the week let each one of
    you lay something aside, storing up as he may
    prosper, that there be no collections when I
    come.

11
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Direct Commandment
  • Some examples
  • All must repent Acts 17.30 Luke 13.3-5
  • All must be baptized to be saved Mark 16.16
    Acts 2.38
  • All disciples contribute 1 Cor. 16.1-2
  • All saints to assemble Heb. 10.25
  • not forsaking the assembling of ourselves
    together, as is the manner of some, but exhorting
    one another, and so much the more as you see the
    Day approaching.

12
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Approved Examples
  • An example approved by an inspired man, therefore
    approved by the Holy Spirit
  • Breaking bread on the First Day of the week
    Acts 20.7
  • Churches sending to the relief of others in
    benevolence Acts 11.29-30

13
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Approved Examples
  • Acts 11.29-30
  • Then the disciples, each according to his
    ability, determined to send relief to the
    brethren dwelling in Judea.
  • 30 This they also did, and sent it to the elders
    by the hands of Barnabas and Saul.

14
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Necessary Inference
  • Inference a logical conclusion made necessary
    by the facts (revealed in the Word)
  • Some examples
  • Lot went down to Egypt with Abraham Gen. 13.1
    12.10

15
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • Genesis 12.10
  • Now there was a famine in the land, and Abram
    went down to Egypt to dwell there, for the famine
    was severe in the land.
  • Genesis 13.1
  • Then Abram went up from Egypt, he and his wife
    and all that he had, and Lot with him, to the
    South.

16
Three Ways of Establishing Authority
  • By Necessary Inference
  • Another example Jesus went down into the water
    when He was baptized
  • Matthew 3.16 When He had been baptized, Jesus
    came up immediately from the water and behold,
    the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the
    Spirit of God descending like a dove and
    alighting upon Him.

17
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • We learn WHAT to eat and drink by direct command
    and statement.
  • Matt. 26.26-28 And as they were eating, Jesus
    took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to
    the disciples and said, "Take, eat this is My
    body."
  • 27 Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and
    gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of
    you.
  • 28 "For this is My blood of the new covenant,
    which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
  • (verse 29 fruit of the vine)

18
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • We learn WHEN to eat and drink by an Approved
    Example.
  • Acts 20.7 Now on the first day of the week,
    when the disciples came together to break bread,
    Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them
    and continued his message until midnight.

19
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • We learn HOW OFTEN to eat and drink by a
    Necessary Inference.
  • Acts 20.7 Now on the first day of the week,
    when the disciples came together to break bread,
    Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them
    and continued his message until midnight.

20
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • Since they met on the first day of the week, it
    is implied (and we infer) that they met EACH
    first day of EVERY week, since every week has a
    first day.

21
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • When a thing is to be observed one time a year, a
    month and day of the month must be specified.
  • Your birthday, or mine (April 6th), only one time
    a year.
  • Another example, the Day of Pentecost

22
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • Day of Pentecost was the day after the seventh
    Sabbath from the Sabbath of the Passover
  • Leviticus 23.15-16 'And you shall count for
    yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from
    the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave
    offering seven Sabbaths shall be completed.
    Count fifty days to the day after the seventh
    Sabbath then you shall offer a new grain
    offering to the LORD.

23
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • Thus Pentecost was always fifty days after the
    Sabbath of the Passover
  • And it was always on the first day of that week,
    and that week only

24
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • Things to be observed one time each month must be
    specified by the day of the month.
  • Rent, a payment, a school teacher's salary.

25
3 Ways Illustrated by Lords Supper
  • Therefore a weekly observance only the day of the
    week need be specified.
  • Ex. 2010 but the seventh day is the Sabbath of
    the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work
    you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your
    male servant, nor your female servant, nor your
    cattle, nor your stranger who is within your
    gates.

26
These Used to Verify Anything
  • Where would these things fall then?
  • Vocal singing Direct Statement Eph. 5.19
  • Instrumental music Human authority, no New
    Testament statement, command, example, or
    implication
  • Baptism Direct command and statement Mark
    16.16 Acts 2.38

27
These Used to Verify Anything
  • Baptism commanded directly
  • We know by example it was in water Acts 8.36-38

28
These Used to Verify Anything
  • Acts 8.36-39
  • 36 Now as they went down the road, they came to
    some water. And the eunuch said, "See, here is
    water. What hinders me from being baptized? 37
    Then Philip said, "If you believe with all your
    heart, you may." And he answered and said, "I
    believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. 38
    So he commanded the chariot to stand still. And
    both Philip and the eunuch went down into the
    water, and he baptized him. 39 Now when they
    came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord
    caught Philip away, so that the eunuch saw him no
    more and he went on his way rejoicing.

29
These Used to Verify Anything
  • Baptism commanded directly
  • We know by example it was in water Acts 8.36-38
  • We know by direct statement it was a burial
  • Col. 2.12 buried with Him in baptism, in which
    you also were raised with Him through faith in
    the working of God, who raised Him from the dead.
  • Romans 6.3-4
  • Or do you not know that as many of us as were
    baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His
    death? 4 Therefore we were buried with Him
    through baptism into death, that just as Christ
    was raised from the dead by the glory of the
    Father, even so we also should walk in newness of
    life.
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