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The Five Themes of Geography

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography Author: Mr. Leggett Last modified by: Burleson, Danielle Created Date: 8/4/2008 11:16:39 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Five Themes of Geography


1
The Five Themes of Geography
  • Location,
  • Place,
  • Human-Environment Interaction,
  • Movement,
  • Regions

2
Location
  • Location is the basis of geographic education
  • Every event in life happens somewhere
  • We use location to answer questions about where
    they happen.

3
Location
  • Location answers the question
  • Where Are We? Or Where is it?
  • Locations can be absolute or relative

4
Location
  • Absolute locations are associated with latitude
    and longitude or a street address

5
Location
  • Example Where is Phoenix?
  • Answer It is located at 33 North, 112 West

6
Location
  • Relative locations are described by landmarks,
    time, direction or distance from one place to
    another.

7
Location
  • Where is Phoenix located?
  • Answer North of Tucson. South of Flagstaff. Near
    Casa Grande

8
Place
  • Every place on earth has its own special
    qualities that make it different from other
    places.
  • When we think of place, we look at the physical
    and human characteristics of the place

9
Place
  • Physical Characteristics are things determined by
    nature, such as climate, land forms, indigenous
    plants and animals.
  • Human characteristics can be defined by the
    culture of a place.
  • Example language, clothing, architectural style

10
Place
  • Place is answered by the question
  • What kind of place is it?
  • For example, what do you think of when you
    imagine China? Russia? Italy?

11
Human/Environmental Interaction
  • How do humans and the environment affect each
    other?
  • How does the environment affect people?
  • There are three key concepts to human/environment
    interaction
  • Humans adapt to the environment
  • Humans modify the environment
  • Humans depend on the environment

12
Human/Environmental Interaction
  • Humans adapt to the environment
  • People adapt to their environment by the type of
    clothes they wear depending on the weather

13
Human/Environmental Interaction
  • Humans modify the environment
  • People modify the environment by heating and
    cooling buildings for comfort.

14
Human/Environmental Interaction
  • Humans depend on the environment
  • People depend on major rivers like the
    Mississippi, Colorado and the Nile

15
Human/Environmental Interaction
  • Environment is not just trees, animals and
    climate, it is also the feel of the place.
  • Big City
  • Rural Area
  • Landscape

16
Movement
  • The movement of people, the import and export of
    goods, and mass communication have all played
    major roles in shaping our world.
  • Today, we live in a global village and global
    economy

17
Movement
  • The earth is populated by over 5.5 billion
    people.
  • Most of us depend on other people from many
    different places to provide us with products and
    information.

18
Movement
  • Not only do humans move, but so do ideas,
    fashions, and fads.
  • Question How do we depend on people in other
    places?
  • Question How would our lives change if our
    movement options changed?
  • Question What would happen if our transportation
    methods changed?
  • Question How do we get food?

19
Region
  • Regions are human constructs that can be mapped
    and analyzed
  • Regions are the basic unit of study in geography
  • A Region is an area that displays a coherent
    unity in terms of the government, language,
    landform or situation

20
Region
  • There are three types of Regions
  • Formal
  • Functional
  • Vernacular

21
Regions
  • Formal Regions are defined by governmental or
    administrative boundaries
  • Ex. Yellowstone National Park
  • Ex. The 9th US District
  • Phoenix Union High School District

22
Regions
  • Functional Regions are those defined by a
    function or business
  • If the function ceases to exists, the region no
    longer exists
  • Ex. Silicon Valley
  • The Rust Belt

23
Regions
  • Vernacular regions are those loosely defined by
    peoples perception
  • Ex. The South, The Middle East

24
Regions
  • What region do we live in?
  • What type of region is it?
  • What are its characteristics?
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