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The Foundations of the Medieval Church

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The Foundations of the Medieval Church Salvation Christians believe that Adam and Eve rebelled against God and were sent out of the Garden of Eden. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Foundations of the Medieval Church


1
The Foundations of the Medieval Church
2
Jesus
  • Used parables to teach
  • Christians believed in his miracles
  • Apostles spread Christianity
  • Peter brought Christianity to Rome

Priests
  • St. Paul and the apostles were considered
    priests
  • Over time, only specially trained men could
    administer the sacraments

Bible
  • Gospels (story of Jesuss life) written 100 years
    after his death
  • Old Testament New Testament Christian Bible

3
The Sacraments
Last rites- Final blessing for the sick and dying
Ordination- Becoming a priest
Marriage- Formal union of a man and a woman
Eucharist- Central part of the mass and a
reenacting of the last supper.
Confirmation- When adults become full church
members and the Holy Spirit is conferred.
Baptism- admittance into the church (Saved from
damnation)
4
What do you see in this picture? Who might these
people be? What are they feeling? What is
happening to them?
5
Salvation
  • Christians believe that Adam and Eve rebelled
    against God and were sent out of the Garden of
    Eden. This was the original sin and all humans
    since have been cursed by their rebellion.
  • The ultimate goal of a Christian was salvation
    and forgiveness of original sin to be able to go
    to heaven.
  • Salvation in Medieval Europe was gained through
  • Following the beliefs of the church
  • Good works
  • Living a moral life
  • If a person does not earn salvation, damnation
    awaits them.

6
What do you see in this picture? What types of
animals are shown? Where do you see
humans? What is happening to them? Who is
holding the key? What does this figure
represent? What does the painting represent?
7
Damnation
  • The result of living a life of sin (turning away
    from God and the church)
  • Souls were sent to hell
  • Hell was ruled by Lucifer who was a fallen angel
    who was cast out of heaven for questioning God
    and showing false pride
  • Medieval view of hell souls burned continuously
    by fire and demons gnawed on their bodies for
    eternity

8
(No Transcript)
9
  • Monasticism- life led by monks and nuns
  • Wanted to serve God and fellow Christians
  • Nun and monks wanted to avoid
  • War
  • Sickness
  • Sin
  • Corruption
  • St. Benedict renounced wealth, founded Italian
    monastery in 529
  • Wrote The Rule a set of rules for monks
  • Duties work, study, prayer
  • Vows poverty, chastity, and obedience
  • Self-sufficient tasks farming, cooking, sewing,
    building
  • Charitable tasks hospitals, refuge for homeless,
    food for poor, lodging for travelers, and
    sacraments
  • Led by an Abbot who was elected by the monks
  • Dormitory where monks slept
  • Refectory where monks ate
  • Library and scriptorium where monks wrote and
    copied texts
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