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WESTERN DEMOCRACIES

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WESTERN DEMOCRACIES BRITAIN Import dependent but not enough manufactured goods to pay for this Attlee becomes PM 1945 Coal, gas, electricity, Bank of England ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WESTERN DEMOCRACIES


1
WESTERN DEMOCRACIES
2
BRITAIN
  • Import dependent but not enough manufactured
    goods to pay for this
  • Attlee becomes PM 1945
  • Coal, gas, electricity, Bank of
    England,transportation-nationalized
  • National Health Insurance-cradle to grave
    concept

3
  • 1951 Conservatives return under Churchill
  • 1955 retires and is followed by Eden
  • Repealed nationalization of steel and trucking
    but nothing else
  • 1956 Suez Crisis
  • 1957 MacMillan PM
  • 1963 DeGaulle vetoed Britains entry into the
    Common Market (enter 1973)
  • 1964 Labor returns and alternates for next
    decade

4
  • 1979 Margaret Thatcherfirst woman PM
  • Cut govt spending, increased int. rates, reduced
    taxes, unemployment soared
  • 1982 Falklands-gained support for Thatcher
  • 1997-2007 Labor under Tony Blair succeeded by
    Gordon Brown

5
IRISH QUESTION
  • Independent 1922
  • 1968 IRA launches terrorist attacks on Ulster
    (2/3 Protestant) and sparks decades of violence
  • Ian Paisley spoke against compromise
  • 1972 Bloody Sunday
  • IRA struck in Ulster and England
  • 1994 ceasefire

6
  • Violence continued
  • 1998 Belfast Agreement gave Ulster a National
    Assembly
  • Still violence
  • 1999 Br Parliament gave Assembly power with
    Catholic deputy first minister and Protestant
    first minister
  • 2000 suspended due to no disarmament
  • 2001 Protestant (Trimble) resigned

7
FRANCE
  • 1946 4th republic-weak executive, strong
    parliament
  • DeGaulle withdrew
  • Mendes-France ended war in Indochina, began end
    of French rule in Africa
  • Fearing war in Algeria 1958 DeGaulle called to
    form new govt
  • Constitution provided strong executive (7yr)
  • 1962 Algeria independent

8
  • Promoted ties to W Germany
  • Suspicious of US and Britain
  • 1967 withdrew from NATO
  • 1968 held on to power with army and middle
    class
  • 1969 resigned
  • Pompidou (1969-74)
  • DEstaing (1974-81)
  • Mitterand (1981-95) socialist
  • Chirac (1995-2007)
  • Nicholas Sarkozy (2007-)

9
WESTERN GERMANY
  • 1949 Adenauer(Christian Democrat)economy
    recovers and stable democracy grows
  • 1963-66 Erhard
  • 1966-69 coalition
  • 1969 Willy Brandt Ostpolitik
  • 1970 recognizes Oder-Neisse Polands border

10
  • 1972 German states enter UN
  • 1974-82 Schmidt (Social Democrat)
  • 1982 Kohl (Christian Democrat)
  • 1990 reunification with Berlin capital but at
    expense to German Federal Republic

11
Economic Integration
  • ECSC Schumann Plan
  • 1958 Treaty of Rome EEC (Common Market)also
    created EURATOM
  • 1960 EFTA
  • 1967 ECSC, EURATOM,EEC combine to form EC

12
Rearmament
  • Rearm West Germany as extension of NATO
  • Pleven Plan 1952 creates EDC
  • 1954 SEATO
  • 1955 Baghdad Pact (Iraq, Iran, Turkey,
    Pakistan)
  • 1958 Iraq out so CENTO
  • Warsaw PactEast minus Yugoslavia

13
  • 1953 Stalin dies, peaceful coexistence
  • Geneva Summit Eisenhower, Eden, Faure,
    Krushchev and Bulganin
  • 1958 Berlin crisis 6 month bullying effort
  • 1959 Castro
  • 1960 U2 incident
  • 1961 Berlin Wall, Bay of Pigs
  • 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis and hot line
  • 1963 Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

14
DETENTE
  • Outer Space Test Ban
  • 1968 Nuclear Proliferation Treaty
  • 1972 SALTI (freeze of ICBMs)
  • 1979 SALTII, invasion of Afghanistan
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