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Biblical Eschatology (GBIB 516) Introduction

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Title: Biblical Eschatology (GBIB 516) Introduction


1
Biblical Eschatology (GBIB 516) Introduction
  • Summer 2014, Session 3 830 1130 AM (M F)
  • Dr. David Hebert
  • E-mail dhebert_at_oru.edu
  • Office hours (4A 43A) 1130 1230 (M-F)

2
Genesis (Beginnings)
  • Introduce each other (name, where from?, field of
    study at the Seminary, and perceived giftedness
    to the Body of Christ)
  • Perfect Complete Gospel Devotion
  • Pray (the Word and in the Spirit)
  • Outline Course (purpose, method, content)
  • Form Groups

3

Consider This!
  • Israel became a nation again on 14 May 1948 (Isa
    667-9 Ezek 3715-28 Amos 914-15 Zech 87-8),
    and is bearing fruit again (Isa 276)
  • Since 1948, there have been
  • Many false messiahs (Matt 245) - e.g., Sun
    Myung Moon (The Unification Church), L. Ron
    Hubbard (Scientology), David Moses Berg
    (Children of God), Maharaj Ji (Divine Light
    Mission), Jim Jones (The Peoples Temple), Lord
    Maitreya (New Age Movement), David Koresh (The
    Branch Davidians), Tony Alamo (Alamo Christian
    Foundation), etc.
  • Increased numbers of wars, rumors of wars
    nations against nations (Matt 246-7 Luke
    219-10) - China/Taiwan, Korea, Vietnam,
    Middle-East, Falklands, Central America Drug
    Wars, Africa, Afghanistan, USSR break-up,
    Iran/Iraq, Grenada, Iraq (1/2), Philippines,
    PLO/Israel, Arab League/Israel, Global Radical
    Muslim terrorism
  • Famines (Ethiopia, many countries in Africa,
    India, Bangladesh, war-torn countries around
    world, in USA, 57 million die annually due to
    starvation) Earthquakes (Armenia, Alaska,
    California, China, India, Philippines, Indonesia,
    Japan, Malaysia, Haiti, Chile related Tsunamis)
    (Matt 247 Luke 2111)
  • Approximately 99 of the nations on the earth
    have heard the Gospel (Joshua Project 2007)
  • The Bible has been translated into approx. 96 of
    the worlds languages, with a goal of 100 by
    2025 (Wycliffe, 2006)

4
Foundational Devotion
  • Philippians 16 God began the Perfect Complete
    Gospel work in Christians at Salvation/Justificati
    on (Jesus 1st Coming), is continuing the
    Sanctification process in their lives, will
    complete the work at Glorification/Rapture
    (Jesus 2nd Coming/Parousia)
  • Titus 211-13 This is the Blessed Hope for
    the Church/Body of Christ
  • The Perfect Complete Gospel is primarily
    confirmed by Eph 14-14 Rom 822-25 1 Cor 15
    1 Pet 13-5 and 1 John 32, and by
  • The Parable of the Wheat and Tares (Weeds) in
    Matthew 1324-30, 36-43

5
Foundational Devotion (cont.) And In light of
  • Daniel 124 - In the End-times, knowledge will
    increase
  • Matthew 244 Mark 135 Luke 218 Watch, be
    prepared, AND do not be deceived
  • Luke 2128-31 When these things begin to take
    place . . . Your redemption is drawing near . . .
    the kingdom of God is near. Just like the Fig
    Tree (Fig Tree Generation v. 32)
  • Therefore
  • 2 Tim 215 Earnestly Study to show yourself
    approved to God as a workman able to rightly
    divide the Word of Truth (especially in the
    times in which we live in light of 1 Tim 41-2,
    7 2 Tim 43-4, regarding deceptive spirits,
    doctrines of demons, myths, old wives tales
    which amounts to false doctrine/heresy)
  • Let us pray!

6
The Purpose resides in the Title of the Course
  • Biblical From the Bible (both Old New
    Testament, primarily apocalyptic genres)
  • Eschatology from eschatos, meaning the
    extreme, most remote spoken of place and time,
    the lastdescribed by 1 Cor 1524, . . . then
    comes, the end, when He delivers up the kingdom
    to the God and Father . . . and from lego or
    logos in Greek, meaning, to relate in words or
    something said (including the thought and idea)
    by implication, a topic, subject or discourse
  • Study of the End-Times/Last Days Surrounding the
    Parousia/Second Coming of Jesus Christ

7
Purpose Statement
  • A Small Group of Graduate Students, that sets
    out together on the journey of developing their
    own Credo about Christian Biblical Eschatology

8
Primary Texts
Any Good Translation of The Holy
Bible. Geisler, Norman L. Systematic Theology
In One Volume. Minneapolis Bethany House,
2011. Hebert, David K. The Need for Teaching
the Eschatological Gospel of Both Comings of
Jesus Christ in the Twenty- first Century,
Especially as We See the Day of His Parousia
Approaching. D. Th. Thesis, University of South
Africa, 2009. (On Class Pages Hard Copy in
Library).
9
Other Sources (not required)
  • Benware, Paul N. Understanding End Times
    Prophecy A Comprehensive Approach. Chicago
    Moody Press, 2006.
  • Dumbrell, William J. The Search for Order
    Biblical Eschatology in Focus. Grand Rapids
    Baker Books, 1994.
  • Hebert, David K. The Rapture of the Church A
    Doctrine of the Early Church or a Recent
    Development of the Dispensational Movement? MA
    Thesis, Oral Roberts University, 2006. (On Class
    Pages).
  • Hoekema, Anthony A. The Bible and The Future. 1st
    paperback ed. Grand Rapids Eerdmans, 1994.
  • Pentecost, J. Dwight. Things to Come A Study in
    Biblical Eschatology. Grand Rapids Zondervan,
    1964.
  • Sutton, Hilton. The Book of Revelation Revealed
    Understanding Gods Master Plan for the End of
    the Age. Tulsa, OK Harrison House, 1995.

10
From the Purpose flows the Method
  • The need for Small Groups of 4 preferably
    (Leader, Observer, Encourager, Recorder) for
    this semesters journey
  • Using Rom 123-8 1 Cor 1212-27 1 Pet 410-11
    (Body of Christ Giftedness) as a Model, 1 Cor 13
    Rom 129-16 (Love) as the Motivation/Action,
    1 Cor 1426 Eph 43-16 (Unity of the Spirit,
    Bond of Peace of the Mature Body of Christ) as
    the Goal
  • General Format (subject to modification as
    necessary) for the Seminar will be
  • 830 915 Meet in Groups to pray/have
    eschatological devotion
  • 915 930 Break
  • 930 1030 Lecture on Topic of the Day
  • 1030 1045 Break
  • 1045 1130 Finish Lecture

11
Small Group Cooperative Learning
  • Based on four elements
  • Positive Interdependence
  • Face-to-face Interaction
  • Individual Accountability Evaluation
  • Appropriate use of interpersonal, small-group
    skills
  • Contributing ideas, asking questions, expressing
    feelings, actively listening, expressing
    support/encouragement, summarizing, checking for
    understanding, relieving tension, and giving
    direction
  • All these skills may be broken down into four
    positions within the Group (which are rotated
    each class meeting)

12

Three Members of the Group
  • Leader (Responsible for Summarizing Ideas,
    Checking for understanding, Relieving tension,
    Giving direction, Asking questions, Contributing
    ideas, Expressing feelings, Actively listening,
    and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Observer/Recorder (Responsible for Monitoring
    Evaluating how well the Group is doing
    Recording the Groups work, Actively listening,
    Contributing ideas, Asking questions, Expressing
    feelings, and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Encourager/Researcher/Runner (Responsible for
    Expressing support encouragement, Gathering
    materials, Communicating with other Groups
    Professor as necessary, Contributing ideas,
    Asking questions, Expressing feelings, and
    Actively listening)
  • From Johnson, Johnson, Johnson-Holubec, and Roys
    Circles of Learning Cooperation in the Classroom
    (Alexandria, VA Association for Supervision and
    Curriculum Development, 1984), 8, 25, 30-1, 35.


13
Four Members of the Group
  • Leader (Responsible for Summarizing Ideas,
    Checking for understanding, Relieving tension,
    Giving direction, Asking questions, Contributing
    ideas, Expressing feelings, Actively listening,
    and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Observer (Responsible for Monitoring
    Evaluating how well the Group is doing, Actively
    listening, Contributing ideas, Asking questions,
    Expressing feelings, and Expressing
    support/encouragement)
  • Recorder (Responsible for Recording the Groups
    work Keeping track of time, Actively listening,
    Contributing ideas, Asking questions, Expressing
    feelings, and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Encourager/Researcher/Runner (Responsible for
    Expressing support encouragement, Gathering
    materials, Communicating with other Groups
    Professor as necessary, Contributing ideas,
    Asking questions, Expressing feelings, and
    Actively listening)
  • From Johnson, Johnson, Johnson-Holubec, and Roys
    Circles of Learning Cooperation in the Classroom
    (Association for Supervision and Curriculum
    Development, 1984), 8, 25, 30-1, 35.

14
Five Members of the Group
  • Leader (Responsible for Summarizing Ideas,
    Checking for understanding, Relieving tension,
    Giving direction, Asking questions, Contributing
    ideas, Expressing feelings, Actively listening,
    and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Observer (Responsible for Monitoring
    Evaluating how well the Group is doing, Actively
    listening, Contributing ideas, Asking questions,
    Expressing feelings, and Expressing
    support/encouragement)
  • Recorder (Responsible for Recording the Groups
    work, Keeping track of time, Actively listening,
    Contributing ideas, Asking questions, Expressing
    feelings, and Expressing support/encouragement)
  • Encourager (Responsible for Expressing support/
    encouragement, Contributing ideas, Asking
    questions, Expressing feelings, and Actively
    listening)
  • Researcher/Runner (Responsible for Gathering
    materials, Communicating with other Groups
    Professor as necessary,) Contributing ideas,
    Asking questions, Expressing feelings, Actively
    listening, and Expressing support/encouragement
  • From Johnson, Johnson, Johnson-Holubec, and Roys
    Circles of Learning Cooperation in the Classroom
    (Alexandria, VA Association for Supervision and
    Curriculum Development, 1984), 8, 25, 30-1, 35.

15

16

17
T E A M (Eccl 49-12)
  • T - Together
  • E - Everyone
  • A - Accomplishes
  • M - More

18
Following the Method, remains the Content
Course Assignments Content
Perfect Complete Gospel Prophecy
Interpretation of Prophecy Time Timelines
(Kairos, Chronos, Biblical, Salvation History)
Kingdom of God Covenants Second Coming or
Parousia Millennium Day of the Lord (Yahweh) or
Tribulation Rapture of the Church Intermediate
State Eternal State (Resurrections
Judgments) Signs of the Times Orthodoxy vs.
Heresies
19
Course Assignments

Group Participation - 20 Exegetical Paper on
Dan/Rev or Eschatological Issue Paper -
40 Course Synthesis Paper - 40 Take a break
return to form Groups
20
Eschaton (The End/Last Thing)
  • Read pp. 1317-1346 in Geisler
  • Read Sections A.4, 1.2.2 in Hebert
  • Read 2 Timothy 316 and 2 Peter 119-21 for
    Devotion tomorrow
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