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The Crucible

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The Crucible Witch Hunt and the Allegory – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Crucible


1
The Crucible
  • Witch Hunt and the Allegory

2
Connecting to Last Unit
  • 1600s
  • Puritans
  • Irony of religious freedom
  • Persecution
  • Theocracy

3
Profiles of the Accused
  • The Weak
  • Women
  • The Poor
  • Healers
  • Pagans
  • Church Attendance
  • Baptism
  • Outcasts/Loners
  • Orphans

4
Making a Case
  • Spectral Evidence
  • Eye Witness Accounts
  • Loaded Questions and Interrogations
  • Forced Confessions

5
How did it start?
  • Girls in village of Salem restricted and bored
  • Oppressive Puritan life
  • West Indian Servant conjured love charms
  • Reverend Parriswrong place, wrong time
  • Story created to avoid punishment

6
Why did it happen?
  • Anxiety of Gods Punishment small pox, Indian
    attacks, revocation of Charter for Massachusetts
    Bay
  • Way to confess sin or guilt
  • Oppressed girls avoiding punishment
  • Ideal way to get revenge
  • Tool to satisfy larger motivations
  • Jealousy, Conflict over land, Power

7
The Consequences
  • Often found guilty
  • Strappado
  • Swimming
  • Ordeal by Fire
  • Ordeal by Water
  • Thumbscrews
  • Pricking
  • The Rack

8
Why Arthur Miller wrote The Crucible
  • Experienced Communist hysteria of the era
  • Criticism of McCarthys personal mission
  • House Un-American Activities Committee

9
The McCarthy Hearings
  • Accused actors, writers, media, army
  • Naming names for leniency
  • Political repression in civil arena
  • Resistance to discuss social or political issues

10
The Crucible and Witch Hunts
  • Millers way of protesting the HUAC
  • Compared Communist hearings to witch hunts of
    Salem
  • Credibility/Impact of gossip, rumor, fear
  • Witch Huntany activity where people are
    looking for a scapegoat or they are using
    accusations for revenge, personal gain, or
    attention

11
Allegory
12
The Crucible
  • Salem Witch Trials of 1692
  • Used trial documents but fictionalized
  • Combined, created or changed characters
  • Major trial events are relatively accurate
  • Thinly veiled criticism of the House Committee on
    Un-American Activities

13
Makings of a Salem Witch Hunt
  • Salem was a village divided
  • Salem was repressed
  • Spark Ignition

14
Makings of a Communist Hunt
  • WWII rise of Communist Party in the US
  • Cold War becomes intense after USSR gains atomic
    power
  • Conservatives in power
  • Truman initiates disloyalty laws
  • House of Un-American Activities Committee
    reinvigorated
  • Investigates communist activity
  • Alger Hiss and Rosenberg Cases
  • Hollywood Blacklist The Hollywood Ten
  • McCarthy and his accusations
  • Others pressured to name others as communists

15
Results of both Witch Hunts
  • Colonial Salem
  • 20 innocent people were executed
  • Dozens more were imprisoned
  • One was stoned to death
  • Families lost their land and livelihood
  • 1950s
  • Hundreds unjustly lost their jobs
  • 10 were jailed for 6 months to 2 years
  • 1 was sentenced to 5 years in prison
  • 2 were executed

16
Literary Elements to Look For
  • Themes Motifs
  • Intolerance Jealousy
  • Irrationality Hysteria
  • Reputation
  • The Court
  • Irony
  • Tragic fall
  • Using righteousness for personal gain
  • Tragedy
  • John Proctor as tragic hero
  • Finds his moral center as everything crumbles
    around him

17
Tragic Hero in Classical Literature
  • Potential for greatness but doomed to fail
  • Trapped in a situation where he cannot win
  • Tragic flaw, causing his fall from greatness
  • Even though he is a fallen hero, he still wins a
    moral victory, and his spirit lives on.

18
Aristotles Tragic Hero
  • Characteristics
  • Noble Stature and has greatness
  • Tragic Flawnot Perfect
  • Doomed to make a serious error in judgment
  • Punishment exceeds the crime
  • The fall is not pure loss awareness, gain
    self-knowledge, epiphany

19
Aristotles Tragic Hero
  • Eventually
  • Fall from great heights or high esteem
  • Realize they may have made irreversible esteem
  • Faces and accepts death with honor meet a tragic
    death
  • THE AUDIENCE IS AFFECTED BY PITY and/or FEAR

20
Domestic Tragedy
  • Emerges during Shakespearean time
  • Misfortunes of ordinary people
  • The every man
  • Impact of fate (personal vs. national)
  • What is an American?
  • American Ideal Everyone is valued

21
  • http//tttc.org/projects/JZarro2/process2.html
  • http//vccslitonline.cc.va.us/tragedy/aristotle.ht
    m
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