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Jesus Christ shall come to judge the living and the dead


Title: El fin del hombre: dar gloria a Dios, conocerle y amarle Author: Fernando Moreno Last modified by * Created Date: 7/10/2007 2:36:56 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Jesus Christ shall come to judge the living and the dead

Jesus Christ shall come to judge the living and
the dead
BACKER, Jacob de The Last Judgement c. 1580 Oil
on panel, 140 x 105 cm (centre panel), 140 x 52
cm (wings) O.-L. Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp
  • 16

Compendium of the Catechism
  • 133. How does the Lord Jesus now reign?
  • 668-674 680
  • As the Lord of the cosmos and of history, the
    Head of his Church, the glorified Christ
    mysteriously remains on earth where his kingdom
    is already present in seed and in its beginning
    in the Church. One day he will return in glory
    but we do not know the time. Because of this we
    live in watchful anticipation, praying Come,
    Lord (Revelation 2220).

  • When Christ comes in His glory, escorted by all
    the angels, all nations will be assembled before
    Him and He will separate people one from another
    as the shepherd separates sheep from goats. He
    will place the sheep on His right hand and the
    goats on His left these will go away to eternal
    punishment, and the upright to eternal life.
    (Mathew 25, 31.32.46).

CAVALLINI, Pietro The Last Judgement
(detail) 1290s Fresco Santa Cecilia in
Trastevere, Rome
Main ideas
1. Particular judgment and final judgment
  • Besides the particular judgment, which takes
    places immediately after death, the faith of the
    Church tells us that the whole of mankind will be
    judged when Christ comes again.
  • This second judgment will take place in the
    presence of all men, at the end of time that is
    why it is called final or universal judgment.

FRANCKEN, Frans II The Last Judgement 1606 Oil on
copper, 67 x 52 cm Private collection
2. Meaning of the final judgment
  • The final judgment will not change the verdict
    given in the particular judgment Divine Wisdom
    and Justice will be seen because the upright will
    be rewarded and the wicked condemned. This reward
    or condemnation will affect their souls as well
    as their bodies.
  • The final judgment will reveal the definitive
    consequences of each ones deeds and omissions
    good or bad during their life on earth.

POURBUS, Pieter Last Judgement 1551 Oil on oak
panel, 228,5 x 181 cm Groeninge Museum, Bruges
3. The second coming of our Lord
  • Jesus Christ, as He told the Apostles, will come
    with great power and majesty, surrounded by all
    His angels, as the supreme judge.
  • Then we will know the final meaning of the whole
    work of Creation and Redemption.
  • Final judgment will show that Divine justice
    triumphs over all injustices committed by His
    creatures, and that Gods love is stronger than

RUBENS, Pieter Pauwel The Last Judgement 1617 Oil
on canvas, 606 x 460 cm Alte Pinakothek, Munich
4. The hope of the new heavens and the new
  • At the end of time the Kingdom of God will come
    in all its fullness. The upright, glorified in
    body and soul, will triumph forever with Christ.
    And the material universe the whole cosmos will
    be transformed.
  • This mysterious transformation of humanity and
    the world is called by Sacred Scripture new
    heavens and new earth.
  • God will have His dwelling among men.

GRECO, El The Opening of the Fifth Seal (The
Vision of St John) 1608-14 Oil on canvas, 222,3 x
193 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
5. To prepare ourselves for the definite
encounter with God
  • Reflecting on these tremendous truths, the
    Second Vatican Council affirms Since however
    we know not the day nor the hour, on Our Lord's
    advice we must be constantly vigilant so that,
    having finished the course of our earthly life,
    we may merit to enter into the marriage feast
    with Him and to be numbered among the blessed and
    that we may not be ordered to go into eternal
    fire like the wicked and slothful servant, into
    the exterior darkness where "there will be the
    weeping and the gnashing of teeth" (cfr. Lumen
    Gentium, 48).

ANGELICO, Fra Christ the Judge 1447 Fresco Chapel
of San Brizio, Duomo, Orvieto
Resolutions for Christian life
Resolutions to move forward
  • Consider that all our actions will eventually be
    known to all men. Try to do everything with a
    right intention.
  • Always be prepared to welcome Christ with an
    upright disposition.