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Texas annexation

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Title: 15.1 The Annexation of Texas Author: Cannon, Jerome E Last modified by: Morris, Haley S Created Date: 2/10/2010 8:53:15 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Texas annexation


1
Texas annexation
2
A Restless People
  • By 1840s, Americans restless to expand
  • Divine Mission idea-Manifest Destiny
  • Promoted by
  • Nationalism
  • Population increase
  • Rapid economic development
  • Technological advances
  • Reform ideals

3
Invitation
  • 1821 Americans invited to settle in Texas SAME
    ENEMY (Comanche)
  • By 1835 30,000 whites, 500 slaves settled in
    Texas (more than Tejans of Mexico)
  • Agreed to hold up Mexican Const. 1824

4
Unsettled Territory
  • Mexico unhappy
  • Friction-Mexico tries to
  • Halt further American expansion
  • Free the slaves (outlawed in 1829)
  • Take away Texan self government

5
Texas Revolution The Alamo
  • 1833 Pres. Santa Anna overthrows constitution of
    1824
  • Texans call for revolution and independence
    (sound familiar?)
  • The Alamo San Antonio small Texan force
    annihilated by Mexican Army
  • Remember the Alamo!-Sam Houston
  • Texans rally and win at Battle of San Jacinto
    proclaim Republic of Texas, The Lone Star
    Republic-ask for annexation

6
(No Transcript)
7
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • Annexation the action of annexing something,
    especially territory
  • 1836 Texans voted overwhelmingly to join the US
  • However US disagreed over annexation largely due
    to sectional issues

8
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • The North commerce and manufacturing.
  • The South agriculture and slave labor.
  • Review both generally disagreed on policies
    affecting business, slavery and trade (tariff)

Industrial Northern state
Agricultural Southern state
9
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • North does not want Texas
  • Extension of slavery
  • Increased Southern representation in the House
    and Senate
  • War with Mexico
  • Most Southerners wanted Texas to join the Union

10
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • President John Tyler, a southerner, favored
    annexation
  • Feared Britain was gaining too much influence in
    TX
  • 1843 U.S. officials work toward annexation
  • 1844 sends annexation treaty to the Senate for
    approval

President John Tyler
11
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  1. Texas would become a U.S. territory (first step
    toward becoming a state)
  2. The U.S. would pay the Republics large public
    debt
  3. Texas would give all its public lands to the
    federal government

U.S.
12
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • Bitterly divided
  • North had fought off treaty for almost 9 years
  • After 3 weeks of debate, the Senate rejected the
    treaty.

13
The Treaty to Annex Texas
  • OSullivan and Manifest Destiny changes minds
  • The American claim is by the right of our
    manifest destiny is to overspread and to possess
    (own) the whole of the continent which Providence
    (divine guidance) has given us.
  • Began to believe that it was Americas destiny to
    annex Texas.

John Gasts American Progress
14
Election of 1844
  • The Democratic Party nominated James K. Polk of
    TN-wanted the U.S. to annex Texas and expand
    west, re-annexation of Texas

15
The Annexation Resolution
  • Opponent Henry Clay of KY
  • Originally Clay opposed annexation
  • Softened his opposition to try and reassure
    northern voters
  • ? LOOKS WEAK
  • Costs him the election by offending both Northern
    and Southern voters

Henry Clay
16
Joint Resolution
  • Polks winsign of approval
  • Tyler requests a joint resolution, or formal
    expression of intent, for annexation
  • Joint Resolution only requires majority from
    both Houses instead of 2/3
  • Passed in February 1845

17
Texas Enters the United States
  • The joint resolutions terms
  • Texas would enter as a state rather than a
    territory
  • Write a new state constitution
  • Could keep its public lands, but some would have
    to be sold to pay the public debt.
  • December 29, 1845, Polk signed the Texas
    Admission Act, making Texas the 28th state

18
Reading Like A Historian
  • This is HOMEWORK
  • Read Documents A-D
  • Answer the inquiry questions
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