American Society and Culture (1945-Present) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – American Society and Culture (1945-Present) PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 83693c-ZmE3Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

American Society and Culture (1945-Present)

Description:

American Society and Culture (1945-Present) Unit IXC AP U.S. History Civil Rights LGBT Gay Liberation Movement Stonewall Riots (1969) AIDS Setbacks Anita Bryant and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:128
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 43
Provided by: JohnB641
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: American Society and Culture (1945-Present)


1
American Society and Culture(1945-Present)
  • Unit IXC
  • AP U.S. History

2
Fundamental Questions
  • Evaluate the impact of the Cold War on American
    social identity.
  • To what extent was the year of 1968 a turning
    point in American society and culture.

3
Baby Boom (1946-1964)
4
American Suburbia
  • Causes
  • Postwar economic expansion
  • G.I. Bill and FHA
  • Great Migration
  • Interstate highways
  • Details
  • Single-family homes
  • Subdivisions and zoning
  • Shopping malls
  • Effects
  • White flight
  • Urban decay

5
Second Red Scare (1947-1957)
  • Cold War Fears
  • Duck and Cover
  • He May Be a Communist
  • McCarthyism
  • Demographics
  • Republican
  • Conservative Protestants and Catholics
  • Blue-collar workers
  • Tactics
  • Media and Television
  • Blacklisting
  • Reaction
  • Army-McCarthy Hearing (1954)
  • Decency
  • Edward R. Murrow of CBS
  • Public Outcry

6
Nifty FiftiesThe American Dream
  • Corporate America
  • White-collar jobs
  • Business dress codes
  • Consumerism
  • Credit cards
  • Shopping malls and strip malls
  • Advertising/Brand Names/Franchising
  • Ford
  • Cheerios
  • Chef Boyardee

7
Nifty FiftiesWomen
  • Suburban and middle-class growth and mainstream
    media culture reinforced cult of domesticity
  • Know your role
  • Increased employment opportunities
  • 40 of women held jobs

8
Nifty FiftiesConformist and Conservative Society
  • Causes
  • New Deal politics, Cold War/Communism,
    Materialism, Baby Boom, Suburbia
  • Social Mores
  • Traditional gender roles
  • Respect for authority
  • Against perversion, drugs
  • Church Membership
  • 49 in 1950
  • 69 in 1960
  • Impact on Politics
  • under God added to the Pledge of Allegiance
    (1954)
  • In God We Trust as national motto and on paper
    currency (1956)
  • Billy Graham
  • Evangelism to be pure, not improved

9
Nifty FiftiesTeenagers and Rebellion
  • Teenagers
  • Quiet Generation
  • Attracted to lifestyle of rock and roll,
    television, and movie stars
  • Rise in juvenile delinquency
  • Beat Generation/Beatniks
  • Rejection of contemporary conformist and
    materialist lifestyle
  • Spiritual liberation
  • Free lifestyle and experimentation

10
Nifty FiftiesTelevision and Movies
  • Television
  • Ownership
  • 9 in 1950
  • 65 in 1955
  • 87 in 1960
  • Impact
  • Corporate sponsorships
  • Sitcoms of the American middle class family
  • Ozzie and Harriet
  • Leave it to Beaver
  • Father Knows Best
  • Movies
  • Epic, science fiction, and Cold War themes
  • The Day the Earth Stood Still
  • Rebel Without a Cause

11
Nifty FiftiesMusic
  • Classic Pop
  • Billie Holiday
  • Crooners
  • Frank Sinatra
  • Dean Martin
  • Doo Wop
  • Vocal group harmony
  • Rock and Roll
  • Influenced by rhythm and blues, jazz, gospel,
    country, and pop
  • Electric guitars
  • Chuck Berry
  • Elvis Presley

12
Nifty FiftiesLiterature
  • Post-Modernism
  • Post-WWII reactionary movement
  • The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
  • The Death of a Salesman and The Crucible by
    Arthur Miller
  • To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  • Beat Generation
  • Rejection of materialism, sexual liberation, drug
    experimentation, Eastern religions and
    philosophies
  • On the Road by Jack Kerouac

13
Civil Rights MovementBackground
  • Postwar Reconstruction
  • 13th Amendment
  • end slavery
  • 15th Amendment
  • black suffrage
  • Freedmens Bureau
  • Ku Klux Klan and White League
  • Disenfranchisement
  • Plessy v. Ferguson
  • Separate, but equal
  • Jim Crow Laws in the South
  • Progressive Era Gains
  • Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois
  • NAACP and National Urban League
  • Great Migration
  • 1920s Setbacks and Hope
  • Race riots after WWI
  • Lynchings
  • KKK returns
  • Marcus Garvey
  • Harlem Renaissance
  • 1930s Developments
  • New Deal Coalition
  • New Deal provided some relief programs
  • Limited civil rights legislation

14
Civil Rights MovementBeginning of Progress
(1940s)
  • Smith v. Allwright (1944)
  • Prohibit all white primaries
  • March on Washington Movement
  • A. Philip Randolph and Bayard Rustin
  • Jackie Robinson and Baseball (1947)
  • Executive Order 9981 (1948)
  • Desegregation of government and military

15
Civil Rights MovementDesegregation
  • Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
  • Desegregation of schools
  • Overrules separate but equal
  • all deliberate speed
  • White Southern Reaction
  • Southern Manifesto (1956)
  • Little Rock Nine (1957)
  • Eisenhower orders National Guard to escort black
    students to Arkansas high school
  • Stand at Schoolhouse Door (1963)
  • University of Alabama
  • Governor George Wallace
  • Segregation Now

16
Civil Rights MovementRosa Parks and Montgomery
Bus Boycott
  • Rosa Parks (Dec. 1, 1955)
  • Segregation on Montgomery, AL buses
  • Refused to give up her seat and arrested
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956)
  • Supreme Court ruled bus segregation
    unconstitutional

17
Civil Rights MovementMartin Luther King Jr.
  • Passive Resistance
  • Bayard Rustin
  • "Since being in India, I am more convinced than
    ever before that the method of nonviolent
    resistance is the most potent weapon available to
    oppressed people in their struggle for justice
    and human dignity.
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • Network of churches to organize non-violent civil
    rights demonstrations

18
Civil Rights MovementStudent Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • Sit-Ins
  • Freedom Rides
  • By 1965, SNCC fielded the largest staff of any
    civil rights organization in the South. It had
    organized nonviolent direct action against
    segregated facilities, as well as
    voter-registration projects, in Alabama,
    Arkansas, Maryland, Missouri, Louisiana,
    Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Illinois, North
    and South Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi
    built two independent political parties and
    organized labor unions and agricultural
    cooperatives and given the movement for women's
    liberation new energy. It inspired and trained
    the activists who began the "New Left." It helped
    expand the limits of political debate within
    Black America, and broadened the focus of the
    civil rights movement. Unlike mainstream civil
    rights groups, which merely sought integration of
    Blacks into the existing order, SNCC sought
    structural changes in American society itself. -
    Julian Bond

19
Civil Rights MovementBirmingham and Washington
  • Birmingham Campaign (1963)
  • Letter from Birmingham Jail
  • Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice
    everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable
    network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of
    destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects
    all indirectly Anyone who lives inside the
    United States can never be considered an outsider
    anywhere within its bounds.
  • March on Washington (8/27/63)
  • I Have a Dream
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

20
Civil Rights MovementSelma March (1965)
  • From Selma to Montgomery (Alabama)
  • Blood Sunday (March 7)
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

21
Civil Rights MovementMalcolm X and Nation of
Islam
  • Malcolm X
  • Promoted black separatism, black nationalism,
    black supremacy
  • We dont teach you to turn the other cheek. We
    teach you to obey the law But at the same time,
    we teach you that anyone who puts his hands on
    you, you do your best to see that he doesnt put
    it on anybody else.
  • Nation of Islam
  • Elijah Muhammad
  • Black separatism and black pride

22
Civil Rights MovementBlack Power
  • Stokely Carmichael
  • SNCC
  • Black Panthers
  • Huey Newton and Bobby Seale
  • Kill Whitey!
  • Burn, baby, burn!

23
Civil Rights MovementUrban Riots
  • Los Angeles (1965)
  • Watts neighborhood
  • 34 deaths, over 1000 injured
  • Detroit (1967)
  • National guard and federal troops and tanks sent
  • 43 deaths, over 1000 injured
  • Kerner Commission
  • Frustration among impoverished urban blacks due
    to white racism
  • Attempt to improve inter-racial communications

24
Swinging SixtiesNew Left
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) (1962)
  • Condemned corporatism, racism, poverty, Vietnam
    War (The Establishment)
  • Berkeley Free Speech Movement (1964-1965)

25
Swinging SixtiesCounterculture Movement
  • Hippies/Flower Children
  • Non-violent anarchism
  • Rejection of materialism
  • Concern for the environment
  • Youth International Party (Yippies)
  • Abbie Hoffman
  • Radical hippies known for theatrical protests and
    tactics
  • Sexual Revolution (1960s-1980s)
  • Kinsey studies, novels, magazines
  • Contraception and premarital sex
  • Abortion and Roe v. Wade (1973)

26
Swinging SixtiesMusic as Expression
  • Themes
  • Anti-Establishment
  • Anti-war
  • Promotion of counterculture
  • War - Edwin Starr
  • Artists
  • Bob Dylan
  • Jim Morrison
  • Rolling Stones
  • The Beatles
  • Joan Baez
  • Jimi Hendrix
  • Woodstock (1969)
  • 500,000 attend 3-day rock concert

27
Vietnam Protests
Self-immolation was an extreme form of
protest. Here, Buddhist monk, Thich Quang Duc,
before the U.S. escalation. A few Americans
engaged in this extreme act of protest during
Vietnam.
28
1968The Year of Rage
  • Tet Offensive (Jan. 30)
  • Nguyen Van Lem Assassinated (Feb. 1)
  • My Lai Massacre (Mar. 16)
  • LBJ Withdraws (Mar. 31)
  • MLK Assassination (Apr. 4)
  • Columbia University Protests (Apr. 23-30)
  • Robert Kennedy Assassination (June 5)
  • Democratic National Convention Riots (Aug. 22-30)
  • Nixon wins election (Nov. 5)

29
Kent State University (1970)
  • Student protests of Cambodia invasion
  • Ohio National Guard opened fire, killing 4
    students and wounding 9 students (May 4, 1970)
  • President Nixon responded with indifference
  • Majority of Americans blamed students
  • Emphasized turmoil in America over Vietnam and
    the youth-based counterculture

Mary Ann Vecchio in anguish over Jeffrey Miller
Pulitzer Prize winning photo
30
Feminist Movement
  • The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan (1963)
  • National Organization of Women (NOW)
  • Gloria Steinem
  • Roe v. Wade (1973)
  • Political Gains
  • Sandra Day OConnor - first female Supreme Court
    justice (1981)
  • Geraldine Ferraro - first major party Vice
    Presidential candidate (1984)
  • Madeline Albright - first female Secretary of
    State (1997)
  • Nancy Pelosi - first female Speaker of the House
    (2006)

31
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
  • Equality of rights under the law shall not be
    denied or abridged by the United States or by any
    State on account of sex.
  • Phyllis Schlafly

Red - ratified Yellow - rescinded
ratification Green - ratified by only one state
legislative chamber Blue - not ratified
32
Civil RightsHispanics
  • Hernandez v. Texas (1954)
  • Chicano Movement
  • El Movimiento
  • La Raza Unida
  • Cesar Chavez
  • Viva la Causa
  • Si Se Puede
  • Bilingual Education
  • Coral Way Elementary (1963)
  • Bilingual Education Act (1968)
  • Political Gains
  • Sonia Sotomayor - first Hispanic Supreme Court
    justice (2009)

33
Civil RightsNatives
  • American Indian Movement (AIM) (1968)
  • Civil rights organization for native property
    rights and cultural preservation and restoration
  • Indian Self-Determination Act (1975)
  • Sports team references
  • Washington Redskins

34
Civil RightsLGBT
  • Gay Liberation Movement
  • Stonewall Riots (1969)
  • AIDS
  • Setbacks
  • Anita Bryant and Save Our Children (1977)
  • Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)
  • Dont Ask, Dont Tell (1993)
  • Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) (1996)
  • Achievements
  • Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
  • United States v. Windsor (2013)
  • Same-sex marriage

35
Contemporary Labor Developments
  • Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
  • AFL-CIO (1955)
  • United Farm Workers (UFW)
  • United Farm Workers
  • Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta
  • Labor Unions Weaken
  • PATCO Strike (1981)
  • NAFTA (1994)
  • Right-to-Work States
  • Outsourcing

36
The Sunbelt and Rustbelt
  • Why the Sunbelt?
  • Low taxes, warmer climates, defense industries,
    right-to-work, immigrants
  • Rustbelt
  • Deindustrialization due to globalization,
    domestic policies, demographics. migration

37
Contemporary Immigration
  • Pushes
  • Escape communism, violence
  • Pulls
  • Seek American Dream
  • Immigration Policies
  • Immigration Act of 1965
  • Eliminated 1920s quota laws
  • Immigration Reform and Control Act (1986)
  • Penalties for illegal immigration employment
  • Illegal immigrants before 1982 granted residency

38
Contemporary Society and CultureMulticulturalism
  • Melting Pot
  • Americanization and assimilation of diverse
    cultures
  • Salad Bowl
  • Cultural mosaic
  • Promotion of cultural diversity
  • Contemporary nativism
  • American exceptionalism
  • English Language Amendment

39
Contemporary Society and CultureEnvironmental
Movement
  • Silent Spring by Rachel Carson (1962)
  • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (1970)
  • Earth Day - April 22
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Oil
  • Natural gas/fracking
  • Coal
  • Alternative Fuel Sources
  • Nuclear
  • Three Mile Island (1979), Chernobyl (1986), and
    Fukushima (2011)
  • Solar energy
  • Electric hybrids
  • Global Warming/Climate Change
  • Human impact on CO2 levels

40
Contemporary Society and CultureHealth
  • Medical Breakthroughs
  • Polio Vaccine and Jonas Salk (1955)
  • CAT Scan (1971)
  • MRI (1971)
  • Stem cell therapy (1998)
  • Epidemics
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Obesity

41
Contemporary Society and CultureAmerican Family
and Lifestyle
  • Graying of America
  • 1/8th of Americans are 65 or older (2000)
  • Life expectancy is 78 years old (2012)
  • Baby boomers retiring and impact on Social
    Security
  • American Family
  • Nearly 50 divorce rates
  • Single parenthood
  • Different forms of family
  • Education
  • 1 in 4 of 25-34 year olds a 4-year college
    graduate
  • Internet

42
Contemporary Society and CultureTechnology and
the Future
  • Automation
  • Internet
  • World Wide Web
  • Genetics
  • DNA structure (1953)
  • Human Genome Project
About PowerShow.com