PRESENTATION TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON HOME AFFAIRS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

PRESENTATION TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON HOME AFFAIRS

Description:

Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: PhaphediM Last modified by: Asanda Created Date: 11/12/2012 7:17:20 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:72
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: Phap151
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: PRESENTATION TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON HOME AFFAIRS


1
  • PRESENTATION TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON HOME
    AFFAIRS
  • REGIONAL MIGRATION TRENDS AND REGIONAL
    INTEGRATION
  • 5 MAY 2015

2
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
1. Purpose of the Presentation 2. Background
Regional Migration Trends 3. SADC Protocol on the
Facilitation of Movement 4. DHA Asylum Seeker
Management Mandate 5. Enabling documents for
Refugees 6. Asylum trends for the 2014 calendar
year 7. Towards a Regional Framework on the
Management of Asylum Seekers and Refugees 8.
Stakeholder engagements on integration 9.
Zimbabwe Special Dispensation
3
1. PURPOSE
  • To provide information on regional migration
    trends to South Africa and South Africas
    position in relation to the SADC Protocol on the
    Facilitation of Movement of Persons
  • To provide the latest 2014 asylum trends to South
    Africa based on data of Home Affairs and the
    participation of the Department of Home Affairs
    in regional integration efforts as they relate to
    asylum seekers and refugees
  • To provide information on the Zimbabwe Special
    Dispensation project as a means to relieve the
    pressure on the asylum determination regime and
    document Zimbabwean nationals residing in South
    Africa under the Immigration Act

4
2. BACKGROUND REGIONAL MIGRATION TRENDS
  • After 1994 an increased flow of foreign nationals
    helped growth through trade, skills, investment
    and tourism.
  • Globalisation also brings serious risks and
    threats such as trafficking in people, drugs,
    contraband and various species.
  • South Africas level of development is a pull
    factor for economic migrants, most of whom
    follow historical patterns of labour migration
    within Southern Africa.
  • Wars and conflicts have also increased the
    numbers of asylum seekers and refugees requiring
    protection.

5
2. REGIONAL MIGRATION TRENDS
  • SA receives various categories of international
    migrants from almost all regions of the world. In
    2014, South Africa recorded over 27 million
    arrivals and departures.
  • At least 90 of the movements involve SADC
    nationals. Thus, South Africa needs to improve
    its immigration system so that it facilitates
    movement of desirable migrants.
  • In addition to visiting South Africa, significant
    numbers of SADC nationals transit through SA to
    the continent and the world.
  • South Africas migration profile includes
    international migrants with critical skills, low
    skills, capital investment and those who are in
    need of asylum and humanitarian protection.

6
2. REGIONAL MIGRATION TRENDS
Movement of top 10 nationalities in 2014 Arrivals and Departures Movement of top 10 nationalities in 2014 Arrivals and Departures
Nationality Total
Zimbabwe 6 612 361
Lesotho 5 946 659
Mozambique 4 050 679
Swaziland 3 102 978
Botswana 1 944 262
United kingdom 1 025 571
United states of America 736 577
Germany 617 888
Namibia 538 018
Zambia 388 529
Total 24 963 522
Total Movement (of ALL countries) 27 513 331
Top 10 out of Total movement 90.73
of SADC Countries Movement in Top 10 90.47
7
3. SADC PROTOCOL ON THE FACILITATION OF MOVEMENT
OF PERSONS
  • South Africa has signed and ratified the SADC
    Protocol on the Facilitation of Movement of
    Persons.
  • In addition to South Africa, only Botswana,
    Mozambique, Swaziland and Zambia have ratified
    the Protocol.
  • In line with the spirit of the Protocol, South
    Africa has instituted 90-day visa waivers for
    nationals from SADC countries, except for
    nationals from the Democratic Republic of Congo
    (DRC), Madagascar and Angola.
  • South Africa has been willing to extend the visa
    waiver to Angolan citizens however, Angola has
    been unwilling to reciprocate.

8
4. ASYLUM SEEKER MANAGEMENT MANDATE
The Mandate of the Chief Directorate Asylum
Seeker Management is included in the Refugees Act
130 of 1998
  • To provide for the reception into South Africa of
    asylum seekers
  • To implement effective and efficient asylum
    seeker and refugee management strategies and
    systems.
  • To regulate applications for and recognition of
    refugee status
  • To provide for the rights and obligations flowing
    from such status which includes enabling
    documentation.
  • Provide support services to Refugee Appeals Board
    and Standing Committee for Refugees as provided
    for in the Refugees Act, 130 of 1998.

9
4. ASYLUM SEEKER MANAGEMENT MANDATE (cont.)
  • To engage with partners on issues affecting local
    integration of refugees (e.g. state departments,
    NGOs, lawyers, tertiary institutions, etc.)
  • Participate during national, regional and
    international platforms deliberating on issues of
    refugees (interdepartmental, SADC, AU, UNHCR and
    other global forums).
  • Implement Cabinet-declared cessation processes,
    based on advice from the UNHCR, such as the
    recent Angolan Cessation process.
  • Provide up to date country of origin information
    to support the adjudication of asylum
    applications at first instance, review and appeal
    stages.

10
5. ENABLING DOCUMENTS FOR REFUGEES
  • If the claim of someone who applies for asylum is
    approved, such person becomes a recognised
    refugee and he or she is issued with a Formal
    Recognition of Refugee Status document in terms
    of Section 24 of the Refugees Act.
  • Further, in terms of Section 27 of this Act,
    recognised refugees are entitled to an identity
    document and a South African Travel Document on
    application.
  • During the 2014/15 financial year, the Department
    was able to process and issue 3868 Refugee
    Identity Documents
  • During the 2014/15 financial year, the Department
    was able to process approximately 9557 South
    African Travel Documents for refugees.

11
6. ASYLUM TRENDS FOR THE 2014 CALENDAR YEAR
  • New Arrivals
  • A total of 71 914 new arrivals were registered
    between January and December 2014.
  • 2014 new arrivals indicate a slight increase in
    the number of registered asylum seekers about
    1 900 plus as opposed to the 70 010 new
    arrivals registered in 2013.
  • Gender Breakdown
  • Of the new arrivals registered during 2014, 68
    (48 987) were male applicants whilst 32 (22 927)
    were female applicants.

12
6. ASYLUM TRENDS FOR THE 2014 CALENDAR YEAR
(CONT.) Regional classification Top 5 Sending
Regions
  • The top five sending regions are
  • SADC with 34 477 asylum seekers (with Zimbabwe
    as the top sending country) ,
  • Western Africa with 13 011 asylum seekers,
  • Eastern Africa with 12 126 asylum seekers,
  • South-Central Asia with 8 617 asylum seekers,
    and
  • Central Africa with 1 957 asylum seekers

13
6. ASYLUM TRENDS FOR THE 2014 CALENDAR YEAR
(CONT.) Refugee Status Determination
  • Between January and December 2014, a total of
    75 733 asylum cases were adjudicated and
    finalised at the first instance Refugee Status
    Determination (RSD) stage, according to data
    sourced directly from the National Immigration
    Information System (NIIS).
  • The number of adjudicated cases during the year
    2014 includes cases registered in 2013 and 2014.
  • Only 12 of all adjudicated cases were approved.

14
6. ASYLUM TRENDS FOR THE 2014 CALENDAR YEAR
(CONT.)
  • Approved Cases (12)
  • A total of 9 230 asylum applications were
    approved and refugee status granted during 2014.
    Approvals were granted to nationals from the
    following countries

Ethiopia (3 041)   Congo (599) Burundi (41)  
Somalia (2 903)   Eritrea (167)   Rwanda (24)
DRC (2 321) Uganda (62)    
15
6. ASYLUM TRENDS FOR THE 2014 CALENDAR YEAR
(CONT.) Refugee Status Determination
  • The majority (88) of asylum applications
    adjudicated during the 2014 calendar year were
    rejected either as
  • Unfounded (39) or
  • Manifestly unfounded (49)
  • These findings further confirm that the majority
    of asylum claims indeed fall outside the
    definition of a refugee as outlined in Section 3
    of the Refugees Act No 130 of 1998.

16
7. TOWARDS A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK ON THE MANAGEMENT
OF ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES
  • DHA hosted the Regional Refugee Steering
    Committee Meeting from 02 to 03 March 2015 in
    South Africa.
  • The meeting served as a preparatory meeting to
    the Public Security Sub-Committee (PSSC) Meeting
    envisaged to be held in June 2015 in South
    Africa.
  • South Africa is the Chair of the SADC Organ on
    Politics, Defence and Security.

17
7. TOWARDS A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK ON THE MANAGEMENT
OF ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES (cont.)
  • The Refugee Commissioners Sub-Sub Committee
    (RCSSC) in 2012 mandated the Refugee Steering
    Committee to develop a Regional Framework on the
    Management of the Asylum Seekers and Refugees as
    a key priority.
  • To date, the Steering Committee established a
    Legal Experts Task Team, comprised by Troika
    members, which analysed the refugee legislative
    frameworks of member states and made
    recommendations for the development of the
    regional framework.

18
7. TOWARDS A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK ON THE MANAGEMENT
OF ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES (cont.)
  • The purpose of the meeting held in March 2015 was
    to consider further recommendations made by the
    Commissioners during the Public Security
    Sub-Committee meeting which took place in
    Tanzania in 2013 and decide on the way forward as
    far as the Regional Framework is concerned.
  • South Africa was requested by the SADC Refugees
    Steering Committee (RSC) and Legal Experts
    meeting to populate the Zero Draft Framework and
    share it with Member States.

19
7. TOWARDS A REGIONAL FRAMEWORK ON THE MANAGEMENT
OF ASYLUM SEEKERS AND REFUGEES (cont.)
  • South Africa populated the Zero Draft Framework.
  • On the basis of the information shared, the
    meeting decided to refer the Zero Draft Framework
    on the development of the Common Regional Asylum
    and Refugee Management Policy to the Refugee
    Commissioners Sub-Sub Committee (RCSSC) for
    consideration and adoption.
  • This will take place during the Public Security
    Sub Committee meeting scheduled for June 2015.

20
8. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENTS ON INTEGRATION
  • DHA partnered with the City of Tshwane to host 12
    workshops between January and March 2015 with the
    Metro Police. The purpose of these workshops was
    to educate the police on the rights and
    responsibilities of asylum seekers and refugees
    in order to ensure that they are at all times
    treated with the dignity afforded to them by the
    Constitution.
  • The Department of Arts and Culture is the
    custodian of Outcome 14 social cohesion. DHA
    participated in a Social Cohesion Imbizo in
    Chatsworth, Durban on 13 March 2015, Human Rights
    Day commemoration events on the 20 and 21 March
    2015 and the Social Cohesion Summit in Port
    Elizabeth on 30 March 2015.

21
8. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENTS ON INTEGRATION
(cont.)
  • In addition, DHA participates in the Outcome 14
    Technical Implementation Forum, which steers the
    implementation and evaluation of the Medium Term
    Strategic Framework.
  • The Director General of Home Affairs launched an
    Immigration Stakeholder Forum on the 13 April
    2015 in Pretoria. The Forum whose membership
    includes Departments from all three tiers of
    government is intended as a platform to raise
    awareness, improve planning and coordination on
    all facets of migration, including matters
    pertaining to asylum seekers and refugees.

22
8. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENTS ON INTEGRATION
(cont.)
  • DHA is a standing member of the United Nations
    High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Protection
    Working Group (PWG). The PWG is made up of
    participants from international bodies,
    government departments and civil society. It was
    established in the aftermath of the 2008
    xenophobic attacks and was reactivated following
    the outbreaks of violence in Soweto on 19 January
    2015. It meets on a bi-weekly basis.

23
9. ZIMBABWEAN SPECIAL DISPENSATION
  • The Department has recognised the need to
    facilitate the movement of people from Zimbabwe
    to the Republic given the economic conditions in
    Zimbabwe.
  • A Special Dispensation was approved and extended
    to qualifying Zimbabwean nationals to apply for
    this dispensation by 31 December 2014.
  • Zimbabweans who qualify, will receive Special
    Dispensation visas that will be valid until 31
    December 2017.
  • This is an on-going effort by the government to
    ensure that Zimbabwean nationals are able to work
    and study in the Republic lawfully under the
    Immigration Act and thus address the misuse of
    the asylum determination regime, for
    documentation purposes.

24
9. ZIMBABWEAN SPECIAL DISPENSATION (cont.)
  • A total of 208, 967 applications were lodged by
    Zimbabwean nationals by 31 December 2014.
  • As of 28 April 2015, a total of 129,783
    applications have been adjudicated, thus
    representing 62.1 of all applications received.
  • Of the total applications adjudicated to date,
    the vast majority have been approved.
  • A total of 3,291 applications have been rejected,
    representing 1.6 of the total number of
    applications adjudicated to date.

25
  • Thank you!
  • End
About PowerShow.com