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The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

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Title: The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire


1
The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire
2
Emblem of Roman Republic
  •  senatus populusque RomanusThe Senate and
    Roman People

3
Rome built great stuff
  • Rome built great roads to travel on and
    aqueducts to bring water into the city.
  • Rome also built great stadiums and amphitheaters
    for the entertainment of the people.
  • Romans also developed the use of the arch.

4
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5
Rome was a Republic
  • A republic is a form of government where people
    elect representatives.
  • The United States has a representative
    government. We learned about this form of
    government from the Romans.

6
The Senate
  • The Senate led the Roman Empire.
  • They made the laws for the republic.

7
Romes women got shafted
  • Rome might have had representative government,
    but not all people were represented.
  • Roman women were not allowed to vote.

8
Roman Citizenship
  • Romans had a strong sense of citizenship.
  • Roman citizens were protected by Rome, but had a
    duty to participate in society and to make it
    better.
  • The philosophy that preached good citizenship was
    called Stoicism.
  • Stoicism stressed the importance of being a good
    citizen.

9
Roman Law and Rights
  • Roman laws stressed fairness and common sense.
  • There was equal treatment under the law in Rome
    and people were considered innocent until proved
    guilty when accused of a crime.
  • We took much of our system of government from the
    Romans.

10
Roman Art
  • Mosaics were popular in Rome. A mosaic is a
    picture made out of small, colored tiles or
    pieces of glass.
  • The Romans also made great statues that looked
    like the real thing, even though they were made
    from stone.

11
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12
Romes first emperor
  • Octavian is Romes first emperor.
  • He took the name Augustus Caesar.
  • Under his rule, Rome expanded and enjoyed a
    period of peace.

13
Pax Romana
  • Rome lived in peace for 200 years.
  • It was called the Pax Romana, the Peace of Rome.
    Unfortunately for Rome, the peace would not last.

14
Decline of Rome
  • Grown too large. Disloyalty from people in far
    away areas
  • Slavery., the people did not need to work.
  • Tax problems couldnt raise enough money to keep
    the roads, brides and aqueducts from crumbling.
  • Welfare bread and gladiator fights were given to
    from rioting
  • Bad Leadership Insane emperors, corrupt
    generals, civil wars, and economic problems.
  • Morality and loss of original virtues hard work,
    fairness equality of law fades. Self interest
    above loyalty to Rome
  • Not dealing with the Germanic tribes who fought
    for Rome, but Rome would not give them land they
    wanted
  • Constantine moving East. Brain Drain anyone who
    was anyone followed him
  • Arrogance

15
Barbarians at the gates
  • Romans called the people who destroyed Rome
    Barbarians.
  • Romans called anyone who didnt speak Greek, even
    though the word barbarian actually means
    uncivilized, lacking in culture and violent.
  • The Roman Empire officially fell in 476 AD.
  • The eastern part of the empire would survive.

16
Constantine Rises to Power
  • Constantine become emperor after defeating his
    enemy at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge
  • A cross appeared in the sky and he heard in
    Latin, "in this sign, you will conquer.
  • This is why religiously he converted to
    Chrisitanity.
  • What might be a political reason

17
Byzantium
  • The eastern part of the Roman Empire became known
    as the Byzantine Empire or Byzantium.

18
Constantine and Constantinople
  • Constantinople was named for emperor Constantine.
  • Constantine was important because he legalized
    Christianity in the empire. (see your notes)
  • Under Constantines rule, Christianity spread
    greatly. Using Roman roads and trade routes
  • He moved the capital of the empire from Rome to
    Constantinople.
  • Major Migration of top people followed
    Constantine to Constantinople creating a brain
    drain in Rome

19
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20
  • By by 320 Rome was old and in disrepair,
  • Constantine moves capital to more vibrant trade
    and political location in the east.

21
Constantinople grows
  • Constantinople became a leading center of trade.
  • Trade helped the Byzantine Empire grow rich.

22
Justinian
  • Justinian was the greatest of the Byzantine
    emperors.
  • Justinian made many changes in the laws.
  • His laws were called The Code of Justinian.
  • Justinian also built many churches throughout the
    empire.

23
Disagreements between east and west
  • Most of the people in the Byzantine Empire were
    Christian, but the people in the west and the
    people in the east disagreed about how to worship
    God.
  • This led to a split in the Catholic Church. It
    was called a schism.
  • A schism is a split. The Roman Catholic Church
    had a schism, splitting in half.

24
Two churches
  • The church in the east was called Eastern
    Orthodox.
  • The church in the west was called Roman Catholic.

25
Patriarch
  • The leader of the church in Constantinople was
    called the Patriarch.

26
Pope
  • The leader of the church in Rome was called the
    Pope.

27
Constantinople is captured
  • The split in the church weakened the Byzantine
    Empire.
  • In 1453, the Ottoman Turks captured
    Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire came to
    an end.

28
The Byzantine Empire preserves great stuff
  • The Byzantine Empire preserved the art and
    literature of the Greeks and Romans.
  • Without the Byzantine, the world may have lost
    great treasures of the past.
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