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The Norman Conquest of England

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The Norman Conquest of England William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings in 1066 William the Conqueror Viking descendant Dad was Duke of Normandy Normandy- N ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Norman Conquest of England


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(No Transcript)
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The Norman Conquest of England
  • William the Conqueror and the Battle of Hastings
    in 1066

3
William the Conqueror
  • Viking descendant
  • Dad was Duke of Normandy
  • Normandy- N. France given to Vikings
  • Mother was a commoner
  • Father never married his mom
  • Because of this- many nobles said he was
    illegitimate
  • They tried to prevent him from becoming Duke

4
Williams Rough Years
  • Some of these nobles attempted to kill him and
    take his fathers lands
  • Three of his guardians were killed by his enemies
  • At 18 he claims his title and brutally puts down
    any rebellion

5
Claim to English Throne
  • King of England Edward the Confessor dies without
    leaving an heir
  • William and Edward are cousins
  • William claims a right to the English throne
  • But so did Harold II- Earl of Wessex

6
But.
  • There were multiple claims to the English crown
  • Viking kings from Norway and Denmark had taken
    over
  • The Anglo-Saxons were struggling to get their
    power back
  • And Anglo-Saxon named Harold II- was crowned King
    of England immediately following Edwards death
  • So
  • William invades England- claiming to be the
    rightful king

7
The Road to Norman Victory
  • Both sides had between 7,000-8,000 soldiers
  • When the Normans landed, Harolds forces just
    fought a successful war against the Norwegians in
    northern England
  • They had to march 240 miles to Hastings

8
Battle of Hastings 1066
9
Heads up Harold!
  • The Norman also fought with knights on horseback-
    they were crucial to their victory
  • The English fought on foot
  • King Harold II is killed in the battle- can you
    guess how he died?

10
Willy is now the Conqueror
  • William was crowned King of England
  • Kings and Nobles now own land in both England and
    France
  • See the back board and take down the key ideas

11
William as King of England
  • Kept one-fifth of England as his personal
    property
  • Took land and titles from Harolds supporters
  • Norman knights and lords become nobles in England
  • gave land to 200 Norman lords
  • His nobles and successors had land in both
    England and France
  • Set up line of succession
  • Domesday Book-
  • Property survey/census so taxes could be
    collected
  • Built a number of castles/fortifications through
    England the most famous is The Tower of London

12
Line of Succession
  • Who gets the throne after the king croaks?
  • In theory- 1st Born son- is considered first for
    any royal/noble title
  • If no son it goes to oldest daughter, or another
    male relative
  • But many times in English history- this did not
    happen
  • The kings will, input of nobles, and multiple
    claims to the throne often make succession and
    bloody, messy and confusing issue
  • The division of land and wealth often created
    conflict
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