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Draft Proposal: Space Weather as part of an Optional Space Situational Awareness Programme

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Draft Proposal: Space Weather as part of an Optional Space Situational Awareness Programme Glover, E. Daly, R. Marsden, A. Hilgers, SWWT – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Draft Proposal: Space Weather as part of an Optional Space Situational Awareness Programme


1
Draft Proposal Space Weather as part of an
Optional Space Situational Awareness Programme
  1. Glover, E. Daly, R. Marsden, A. Hilgers, SWWT

2
Framework/Context
  • Space Situation Awareness is defined as a
    comprehensive knowledge, understanding and
    maintained awareness of (i) the population of
    space objects and (ii) of the space environment
  • is a concept that has grown out of the
    increasing dependence of the modern world on
    space systems telecom, navigation,
    surveillance, etc.
  • Concept originates with US military but
    civilian systems (particularly in Europe) are
    just as susceptible Europe needs to develop
    both policy and capacity.

3
High-Level SSA Concepts
  • Provide users with verifiable, dependable,
    accurate and timely information in order to
  • Identify non-compliance with relevant
    international treaties and recommendations
  • Enable the assumption of responsibility (e.g. as
    launching state, owner, or operator), and support
    confidence building measures
  • Support safe and secured operation of space
    assets and related services
  • Support risk management (on orbit and during
    re-entry) and liability assessment
  • Assess the functional status and capabilities of
    space systems
  • Information must be provided with integrity,
    with an architecture enabling the implementation
    of a data policy, based on an autonomous European
    SSA system.

4
Motivation for action on Space Weather
  • Recent initiatives have revealed both space
    weather needs and skills bases in Europe
  • Development of a more coordinated European
    approach could be used to strengthen
    international cooperation exchange on basis of
    partnership.
  • At the same time there is a perceived need to
    build a European framework in the context of
    Space Situational Awareness.
  • Space weather is seen as one of three axes for
    Space Situational Awareness
  • Survey, Tracking,
  • Imaging
  • Space weather (space environment monitoring)
  • At present it is proposed to introduce at the
    next ESA Ministerial Council an ESA Optional
    Programme for Space Situational Awareness which
    may include an element of space weather

5
Proposal Scope
  • Develop an ESA-led space weather initiative,
    including the establishment of a European Centre
    for Space Weather Services as part of an optional
    Space Situational Awareness programme
  • The initiative would aim to
  • Provide a focal point for coordinating ongoing
    European activities of the kind initiated in the
    framework of the Space Weather Applications Pilot
    Project (SWAPP),
  • Provide a stable nucleus for the development,
    testing and deployment of future space weather
    services in Europe.

6
Rationale
  • ESA-funded studies conducted between 1999 and
    2006 have identified a number of important
    benefits that a coordinated European space
    weather programme would provide. These include
  • Economic benefits Improvement in the ability to
    circumvent space weather problems in all domains.
    A space weather service coordinated through ESA
    would deliver products to improve the quality and
    efficiency of design and operation of
    increasingly sensitive technologies in many
    domains of strategic importance to Europe.
  • Strategic benefits International Partnerships
    and security of European assets
  • Security benefits Security forces rely heavily
    on technological systems which can be strongly
    affected by space weather. A European space
    weather programme would provide independent
    access and/or a firm basis for collaboration
  • Research and Development A space weather
    programme would allow opportunities for
    cutting-edge technology developments in many
    space and ground technologies of strategic
    interest to European industry plus the long
    time-series of consistent data would be
    beneficial for future scientific research
    interests
  • Collaboration Several European member states have
    world-class modelling and instrumentation
    resources which could gain considerably from a
    collaborative framework. Facilitation of this
    collaboration is the natural role of ESA.

7
A European Centre for Space Weather Services
  • Mandate establish and develop sustainable
    European space weather services, based firmly on
    the analyses and fulfilment of user requirements,
    building on the positive outcome of the SWAPP.
  • . Framework distributed data sources and
    services tied together by a high-performance IT
    infrastructure, building on existing partnerships
    and collaborations
  • Specific tasks
  • Coordinating space weather resources and services
    at a European level
  • Ensuring close collaboration with National
    agencies and the EC in order to ensure continued
    operation and modernisation of facilities
  • Ensuring the coordination, processing and
    exploitation of space weather-related data
    resources
  • Establishing products (models and tools)
    addressing space weather effects
  • Maintaining close contact with the user community
    in order to anticipate evolving requirements, and
    to develop customer awareness and marketing
    strategies
  • Coordinating (and where necessary, initiating)
    targeted research and development, including
    relevant scientific research
  • Establishing the necessary measurement
    capabilities to support European space weather
    services
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