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Leadership Ethics

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LEADERSHIP Andrew J. DuBrin, 7th Edition* – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Leadership Ethics


1
Leadership Ethics Social Responsibility
  • LEADERSHIP
  • Andrew J. DuBrin, 7th Edition

2
Leadership
  • Leadership is not about hierarchy or title or
    status It is about having influence and
    mastering change. Leadership is not about
    bragging rights or battles or even the
    accumulation of wealth its about connecting and
    engaging at multiple levels Leaders can no
    longer view strategy and execution as abstract
    concepts, but must realize that both elements are
    ultimately about people.
  • -Carly Fiorina, former CEO, HP

3
Leadership
  • The leaders task is to communicate
  • Intended geographical scope of activities
  • Beliefs
  • Values
  • Policies

4
Top Management Nationality
  • Companies are realizing that they have a
    portfolio of human resources worldwide, that
    their brightest technical person might come from
    Germany, or their best financial manager from
    England. They are starting to tap their worldwide
    human resources. And as they do, it will not be
    surprising to see non-Americans rise to the top.
  • - Christopher Bartlett, Harvard Business School

5
Top Management Nationality, 2010
6
Ethics and Stewardship
  • Todays CEO must be a proactive steward of the
    firm
  • He or she must respond to
  • Stakeholdersmanagers, employees, customers,
    stockholders, suppliers
  • Secondary stakeholdersgeneral business
    community, local community groups, and
    nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

7
Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Perhaps we have the opportunity to be a
    different type of global company, a global brand
    that can build a different model, a company that
    is a global business, that makes a profit, but at
    the same time demonstrates a social conscience
    and gives back to the local market.
  • -Howard Schultz, CEO, Starbucks, responding to a
    question about the likelihood of
    anti-globalization activists

8
Issues in CSR
  • How do CEOs decide what is in the best interest
    of society?
  • Bangladeshi children lost garment industry jobs
    after the U.S. threatened trade sanctions and the
    children were worse off
  • Nike has been criticized for alleged poor working
    conditions in its factories
  • Wal-Mart has been under fire for a number of
    reasons including labor practices, resulting in
    social impacts in communities it serves

9
Principles Practices of Ethical Moral
Leadership
  • Ethics
  • The study of moral obligations
  • The study of separating right from wrong
  • Morals
  • An individuals determination of what is right or
    wrong
  • Influenced by a persons values
  • Values
  • Connected to ethics because ethics become the
    vehicle for converting ethics into action

10
Ethical Leadership Behaviors
  • Ethics is at the center of leadership because the
    goal of a rational leader is to merge the
    interests of all parties so that everyone
    benefits and the organization prospers.
  • Be Honest and Trustworthy and Have Integrity in
    Dealing with Others
  • Pay Attention to All Stakeholders
  • Build Community
  • Respect the Individual
  • Accomplish Silent Victories

11
Factors Contributing to Ethical Differences
  • Level of Greed, Gluttony, Desire
  • Rationalization
  • Implied Authorization
  • Level of Moral Development
  • Pre-conventional
  • Conventional
  • Post-conventional
  • Entitlement
  • Situation
  • Persons Character

12
The Ethical Mind for Leaders
  • The view that helps individuals aspire to good
    work that matters to their colleagues, their
    companies, and their societies in general.
  • Behaving ethically
  • Establishing an ethical compass
  • Adhering to ethical values
  • Reflecting on ethical behavior through self-tests
  • Asking mentors to comment on ethical behavior
  • Acting quickly to confront unethical behavior of
    others

13
Guidelines for Evaluating the Ethics of a Decision
  • Ethical Screen/Guidelines to Help Leaders
    Determine if a Given Act is Ethical or Unethical
  • Is it right?
  • Is it fair?
  • Who gets hurt?
  • Would you be comfortable if the details of your
    decision or actions were made public in the media
    or through email?
  • What would you tell your child, sibling, or young
    relative to do?
  • How does it smell?
  • Leaders regularly face the necessity of running a
    contemplated decision through an ethics test.

14
A Sampling of Unethical Leadership Behaviors
  • A statement often made is that about 95 percent
    of business leaders are ethical and that the 5
    percent of bad apples (mostly senior executives)
    get all the publicity.
  • The impact of unethical leadership has been
    enormous
  • Bankruptcy
  • Layoffs of thousands of workers
  • Diminished trust in stock investments
  • Discourage talented young people to study
    business

15
Leadership Social Responsibility
  • Having welfare for the community within which the
    business operates.
  • Obligations to society beyond the companys
    economic obligations to owners or stockholders
    and beyond those prescribed by law or contract.
  • Both ethics and social responsibility relate to
    the goodness or morality of organizations
  • But social responsibility relates to an
    organizations impact on society and goes beyond
    doing what is ethical.

16
Socially Responsible Actions
  • Creating a Pleasant Workplace
  • Guarding the Environment
  • Engaging in Philanthropy
  • Working With Suppliers to Improve Working
    Conditions

17
Creating an Ethical Organizational Culture
  • Providing Strategic Leadership
  • Creating a Pleasant Workforce
  • Conducting an Environmental Audit
  • Helping Build a Sustainable Environment
  • Engaging in Philanthropy
  • Working with Suppliers to Improve Working
    Conditions
  • Establishing Written Codes of Ethical Conduct
  • Developing Formal Mechanisms for Dealing with
    Ethical Problems
  • Accepting Whistleblowers
  • Providing Training in Ethics and Social
    Responsibility
  • Placing Company Interests over Personal Interests

18
Ethical Behavior Organizational Performance
  • High ethics and social responsibility are related
    to good financial performance.
  • Relationship between social responsibility and
    financial performance may be a virtuous circle.
  • Corporate social responsibility and corporate
    financial performance may feed and reinforce each
    other.

19
Summary
  • Key principles of ethical leadership include
    having honesty and integrity, paying attention to
    all stakeholders, building community, respecting
    the individual, and accomplishing silent
    victories.
  • Examples of factors contributing to how one
    persons ethics differ from another include the
    persons level of greed, gluttony, and avarice
    the persons level of moral development the
    persons sense of entitlement the situation
    itself, combined with the corporate culture
    and/or the persons character.
  • Leaders should seek answers to a series of
    important questions before reaching a decision
    about an issue that is not clearly either ethical
    or unethical.
  • Unethical behaviors have had detrimental effects
    on many companies.
  • Leaders can encourage ethical behavior by
    promoting social responsibility.
  • Ethical behavior is related to financial
    performance.
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