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Spanish Missions in Texas 1650-1800

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Spanish Missions in Texas 1650-1800 Race to Claim Texas Texas was between Spanish Mexico & French Louisiana La Salle had established Fort Saint Louis for France. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spanish Missions in Texas 1650-1800


1
Spanish Missions in Texas1650-1800
2
Race to Claim Texas
  • Texas was between Spanish Mexico
  • French Louisiana
  • La Salle had established Fort Saint Louis for
    France.

Spain
France
Texas
La Salle
3
  • In 1689 Spaniard Alonso de Leon finds the remains
    of Fort St. Louis
  • Alonso de Leon reported favorably on the land of
    East Texas and the Caddo Indians
  • Father Damian Massanet who was with de Leon
    requested help from Mexico City to convert the
    Caddo, or the Tejas as they called them, to
    Catholicism

4
Missions
  • The mission was Spains main tool for colonizing
    Texas.
  • Their purpose was to convert Native Texans to the
    Catholic faith,
  • In addition the mission workers attempted to
    convert the natives into Spanish subjects.
  • Missions in Texas were supported by the Catholic
    church, but they were designed to be self
    sufficient.
  • They also would help keep the French out of Texas

5
  • Most missions in Texas consisted of a square
    compound enclosed by four walls. They also had a
    main chapel which was at the center of life in
    the mission.
  • Early missions were small and made of wood. While
    later missions were large and built with stone.
  • The land around the mission was also used for
    animals and growing crops for food.

6
Spains First East Texas Mission
  • In 1690 de Leon and Massanet , a few other priest
    and 100 soldiers set off to build a mission in
    east Texas.
  • They build the Mission San Francisco de los Tejas

Reconstruction of San Francisco de los Tejas
7
  • A year later the mission was in trouble. Drought
    had caused the crops to fail.
  • Disease caused the Native Texans to become
    hostile they refused to work in the missions
  • The Mission could not survive so in 1693 it was
    abandoned.

8
The French Return
  • By 1700 the French return to Louisiana and
    developed trading relationship with Native
    Americans
  • In 1713 Spanish Priest Father Francisco Hidalgo
    asked French priests to provide churches to East
    Texas Natives
  • The French sent Louis de St. Denis to visit
    Father Hidalgo

9
  • France and Spain were at war
  • But St. Denis and Hidalgo both wanted to convert
    the east Texas Indians.
  • Spanish government had St. Denis arrested
  • Spain decided to establish more missions to
    protect their territory

10
Spain Reclaims East Texas
  • In 1716 San Francisco de los Tejas was reopened
  • A mid-point for supply caravans was needed.
  • In modern day San Antonio the Mission San Antonio
    de Valero and the Mission San Antonio de Bexar
    was built.
  • Valero would become the Alamo

11
w
Mission San Antonio de Valero
12
The Chicken War
  • East Texas missions were unsuccessful because of
    the same reasons as before.
  • The Indians didnt want to live in them.
  • In 1719 French Lt. Philippe Blondel invaded
    Texas with 6 soldiers. They captured a mission
    near Nacogdoches.

13
  • Blondel and his men looted the mission and
    Blondel took and tied a few chickens to his
    saddle.
  • The chickens made his horse buck (jump) and
    Blondel fell from his horse. The Spanish
    missionaries escaped when this happened.

14
  • The Incident referred to as The Chicken War
  • The escaped Spanish exaggerated the news claiming
    that a huge French army was invading
  • The Spanish panicked and retreated back to San
    Antonio abandoning East Texas
  • The Spanish realized how weak they were in Texas
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