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Journal Topic: Distrust of Government American citizens are perhaps the most skeptical (untrusting) and critical people in the world when it comes to their government. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Journal%20Topic:%20Distrust%20of%20Government

Journal Topic Distrust of Government
  • American citizens are perhaps the most skeptical
    (untrusting) and critical people in the world
    when it comes to their government. Why do you
    think Americans are so skeptical and critical of

Cornell Notes
  • Unit Revolution
  • Topic Articles of Confederation/Federalists and
  • Guiding Questions What were the weaknesses of
    the Articles of Confederation? What were the
    major positions of the first political parties,
    the Federalists and Anti-Federalists?

I. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
Painting by John Trumbell of Members of the
Continental Congress signing the Declaration of
Independence July 4, 1776. In 1777, this group
drafted the Articles of Confederation.
  • A. No Power to Regulate Commerce
  • B. Weak Dollar no uniform currency
  • C. No power to levy taxes
  • D. No power to raise a strong army
  • E. Essentially a weak alliance

II. Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
  • Federalists
  • Hamilton
  • Strong Central Govt.
  • National Bank
  • Federal System
  • Anti-Federalists
  • Jefferson
  • States Rights
  • Bill of Rights
  • Checks and Balances

Hamilton Jefferson
Critical Reading for Hamilton and Jefferson Quotes
  • Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were
    respected leaders in the debate to create a new
    government under the Constitution. Read the
    selected quotes from each man once to gain a
    general understanding of their ideas. Read the
    quotes a second time underlining important
    information and summarizing the main points for
    each paragraph in the outside margins. After
    marking the text you will address the following
  • 1. What are the primary differences between
    Hamilton and Jefferson regarding representation
    in government?
  • 2. Who do you most agree with? Why?

Journal Topic Hamilton vs. Jefferson
  • Tasks
  • 1. What are the primary differences between
    Hamilton and Jefferson regarding representation
    in government?
  • 2. Who do you most agree with? Why?

Critical Reading A More Perfect Union
  • At the Constitutional Convention compromise was
    the key to success. As you read this section of
    text underline different ideas and proposals.
    Also, identify the compromises that enabled the
    Founding fathers to ratify (get a vote of
    approval) the Constitution. After reading and
    marking the text write a ½ page response to the
    following question How was compromise critical
    to the ratification of the Constitution.

Cornell Notes
  • Unit Revolution
  • Topic Constitution
  • Guiding Question How did the Founding Fathers
    frame the Constitution to prevent the abuse of
    power? Why was compromise a critical component
    of the ratification process?

Journal Topic Preamble to the Constitution
  • The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution is an
    introduction to the goals of government as
    established by the Constitution.
  • Task Read the Preamble to the Constitution below
    and list the purposes of the government in your
    own words.

Journal Topic Preamble to the Constitution
  • We the People of the United States, in Order to
    form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
    insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the
    common defense, promote the general Welfare, and
    secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and
    our Posterity, do ordain and establish this
    Constitution for the United States of America.

(No Transcript)
III. Goals of Government in the U.S. as Stated in
the Preamble to the Constitution
  • 1. Form a unified government.
  • 2. Establish Justice (fairness in treatment of
  • 3. Insure domestic (home) tranquility (peace)
  • 4. Provide Common Defense (military
    protection)5. Promote general welfaregood
    quality of life
  • 6. Ensure Liberty (freedom)

IV. Purpose of the Constitution
  • 1. Establish the organization and powers of
    government in the U.S.
  • 2. Establish the freedoms of the American People
    and limits of government power

V. Organization of the Federal Government
  • A. Executive Branch
  • President
  • Carry out laws
  • Veto power
  • Negotiate Treaties
  • Appoint Supreme Court Justices

Capitol Building
  • B. Legislative Branch
  • Congress (Senate and House of Representatives)
  • Law Making Body
  • Makes Laws
  • Senate Approves Presidential Appointments
  • Senate Approves Treaties

Supreme Court
  • C. Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court
  • Determine whether laws are constitutional
  • Appointed by the President

VI. Principles of the Constitution
  • A. Federal System
  • Government Organized with a strong central
    federal government and weaker state governments
  • B. Separation of Powers
  • Powers separated between the branches of the
    governmentLegislative, Executive, Judicial
  • C. Checks and Balances
  • Each branch of government has the power to check
    the other branches

VII. Compromises of the Constitution
  • A. Great Compromise
  • Organization and Representation in Congress
  • Small StatesOne state one rep.--New Jersey Plan
  • Large StatesRep. based on pop.--Virginia Plan
  • Great CompromiseTwo Houses
  • Senate2 per state
  • House of Reps.Based on Pop.

  • B. 3/5 Compromise
  • Issue To count slaves or not for population in
    determining the number of representatives to be
    included in the House of Representatives?
  • Many Northerners did not want to count any slaves
  • Southerners wanted to count all slaves for
  • 3/5 Was the final decision

  • Slave Trade Compromise
  • --The Federal Government Could not ban the slave
    trade until 1808.

Journal Entry Slavery/3/5 Compromise
  • What is your opinion of the decision of the
    Northern Representatives to ratify the
    Constitution with the institution of slavery
    included? Did they do the right thing in
    compromising their values regarding liberty? It
    is highly likely that the Southern states would
    not have ratified the Constitution if the
    institution of slavery was not recognized