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Figurative Language

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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Painting your writing with words Types of Poems: Ballad- songlike poem that usually tells a sad story. Epic- long poem about a hero Narrative ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Figurative Language


1
Figurative Language
  • Painting your writing with words

2
F.O.A. (Bellwork)
  • Give me an example of alliteration
  • Give me an example of a metaphor
  • Give me an example of a personification

3
Homework
  • Turn in your homework from Monday

4
Essential Question
  • What is figurative language, and how does it make
    writing more interesting? (0801.8.8) (CCSS RL4)

5
Project
  • Will have to read a poem on Jan. 25 or Feb. 1.
  • You get a 100 if you recite and a 90 if you read
    it.
  • You must write 22 poems.
  • You must put the poems in a folder that must be
    neat and have a cover page.
  • Final project is due Feb. 8.

6
Project
  • 1. simile/metaphor
  • 2. alliteration/assonance
  • 3. limerick
  • 4. concrete
  • 5. narrative
  • 6. haiku
  • 7. personification
  • 8. rhyme scheme
  • 9. hyperbole
  • 10. onomatopoeia
  • 11. a reflection
  • 12. Free Verse
  • 13-22 are open choice/free writing.

7
Cliche
  • A word or phrase that has become very common and
    does not make an impact on the reader
  • Ex. No pain, no gain
  • Not over till the
  • fat lady sings

8
Hyperbole
  • Big exaggeration, usually with humor 
  • Ex. mile-high ice-cream cones 

9
Example
  • There was a young lady from Lynn
  • Who was so exceedingly thin
  • That when she essayed
  • To drink lemonade
  • She slid down the straw and fell
  • In!

10
Idiom
  • Sayings that have a different meaning than the
    literal meaning.
  • Ex. Jane is in the doghouse with mom since she
    lost her ring.

11
Metaphor
  • Comparing two things by showing the likeness
    between them.  (does not use like or as)
  • Ex. Alice was drowning in tears.  

12
Metaphor practice
  • Ex. Death is a thief
  • A friend is a ______________.
  • Life is _____________.
  • Love is_________________.

13
Example
  • Fog rubbing its back on windows
  • Makes a sudden leap and curls
  • Around the house to fall asleep
  • The author is comparing fog to
  • what animal with out coming
  • straight out and saying it?

14
Onomatopoeia
  • Naming a thing or an action by imitating the
    sound associated with it. 
  • Ex. buzz, hiss, roar, woof 

BANG
15
Personification
  • Giving something human qualities 
  • Ex. The stuffed bear smiled as the little boy
    hugged him close. 

16
Example
  • Slowly, silently, now the moon
  • Walks the night in her silver
  • Shoon
  • This way and that, she peers and
  • Sees
  • Silver fruit upon silver trees

17
Simile
  • A figure of speech comparing two unlike things
    that uses like or as 
  • Ex. The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the
    sky

18
Simile Practice
  • The bird was as ______as _______.
  • My mom is as ______as a ________.
  • The pillow was like a __________.
  • My puppy is like a __________.

19
Pun
  • Play on words
  • Ex. Where does an elephant put suitcase?
  • In its trunk!

20
Imagery
  • Vivid description appealing to the senses.
  • Ex. The hair on his head could have been confused
    with plastic patio carpet.

21
  • (Without imagery) My dog is happy.
  • (simile) My dog is like a pig in the mud!
  • (without) The boy would not sit down at his desk
  • (metaphor) The boys desk could have been made of
    pins and needles.
  • (with out) The girl was scared.
  • (Personification) Fear grabbed the
  • girl in its icy clutches.

22
sound devices
23
Alliteration
  • The repetition of the initial consonant. There
    should be at least two repetitions in a row.
  • For example Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled
    peppers. The first letter, p, is a consonant. It
    is repeated many times.

24
Another example
  • All day within the dreamy dwelling The doors
    darkened with dew.

25
  • Find the alliteration in these sentences.
  • 1. Puny puma pit their skills against zebras.
  • 2. Pretty Polly picked pears for preserves.
  • 3. Handsome Harry hired hundreds of hippos for
    Hanukkah. 

26
  • Finish the following sentences with alliterative
    words.
  • Doodling daughters _____________.
  • Prickly pears _________________.
  • Studious students_____________.
  • Sunny skies___________________.

27
Assonance
  • Repetition of vowel sounds
  • Ex. Feet creep by sleeping geeks

28
Allusion
  • A reference to a person, thing, story,etc.
    outside the poem.
  • The student passed the test by the hair of his
    chinny, chin, chin.

29
Rhyme
  • Repetition of
  • sounds at the end
  • of words
  • Ex.
  • I think that I shall never see,
  • A poem lovely as a tree.

30
End Rhyme
  • When rhyming words
  • come at the end
  • Ex. Imagine a world where work is like play
  • And the sun smiles warmly on you everyday

31
Internal Rhyme
  • When two or more words rhyme within the line.
  • Ex. I bring fresh showers, for thirsting flowers
    on this may morning.

32
Slant Rhyme
  • Words that have any kind of similar sound
  • I shut the door on the racket
  • Of that horrible
  • rush hour traffic.

33
Rhyme Scheme
  • the pattern of rhyming words in a poem.
  • How the years fly by a
  • When youre having fun b
  • Being with your friends c
  • On the beach in the sun. b

34
Types of Poems
  • Ballad- songlike poem that usually tells a sad
    story.
  • Epic- long poem about a hero
  • Narrative- simply tells a story
  • Lyric- expresses feelings
  • Ode- praising something or someone
  • Sonnet- 14 line lyric poem that follows strict
    rule of structure

35
Limerick Poem
  • A limerick is a kind of a witty, humorous, or
    nonsense poem.
  • Lines 1, 2, and 5 of Limericks have seven to 10
    syllables and rhyme with one another. Lines 3
    and 4 of Limericks have five to seven syllables
    and also rhyme with each other.

36
Example of Limerick
  • An exceedingly fat friend of mine,
  • When asked at what hour he'd dine,
  •      Replied, "At eleven,     
  • At three, five, and seven,
  • And eight and a quarter past nine.

37
Example of Limerick
  • A macho young swimmer named Dwyer,
  • Really liked playing with fire.
  • One night in the dark
  • He swam with a shark,
  • And his voice is now two octaves higher.

38
Assignment
  • Write one Limerick today.
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