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Research and Online Searching

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Title: Research and Online Searching


1
Research and Online Searching
Online searching is the acquisition of
information from a distant computer through a
terminal or PC, involving an interactive dialogue
between enquirer and computer. The computer
handles a number of databases stored in
electronic form, consisting of references to
journal articles, conference papers, reports,
books etc, which the host makes available to
interested parties on a commercial basis. The
computer matches any input search terms against
its files and displays any resulting matches
which can then be printed out or downloaded by
the searcher.
2
Primary and Secondary Sources
Primary Information Sources Contain original
creative works or relatively new information
about them Books Journal articles Conference
papers Pre-prints Theses Internet sources
Secondary Information Sources Act as indices
to primary sources. which have been selected and
rearranged under subject headings, authors
etc. Library catalogues Encyclopedias
Handbooks and tables Reviews Databases
Current awareness sources Internet resources
in Literature
2
3
Types of Searching
Retrospective information retrieval You need
to look for information about previous work when
you are starting a new project. This is called a
retrospective information search. These are of
two types Background information Extensive
information You need comprehensive information
when you start research on an extensive project
or thesis
Searching for Facts The need for factual
information often arises during the work process
and usually takes the form of a specific
information requirement in order to continue
working. This type of specific information can
be found in dictionaries, factual data banks,
etc.. You need a quick and reliable answer to a
query. Factual data banks are renewed at frequent
intervals, so make sure that you are using the
most recent edition Other important sources of
factual information are encyclopedias and
handbooks
3
4
Types of Searching (cont.)
Searching forwards from a known citation
(reference) The citation index is an entirely
different type of index, which allows you to
search forwards in time from a known relevant
paper. Researchers cite references to earlier
publications related to the work described in
their own papers. Through these references
(citations) an author expresses subject
relationships between the current article and the
cited references. A citation index is based on
these relationships. It lists publications that
have been cited and identifies the sources of
these citations. Starting from a known relevant
reference, it is possible to trace subsequent
articles which refer to the original document,
thus leading to more recent literature than the
first known item. Citation indexes are designed
to facilitate searching forwards in time from a
known relevant paper
Browsing Browsing is a form of random
literature searching for information, in which
you select and scan material within a mass of
available literature. This unplanned random
information searching can serve as a stimulus
and can be a very fruitful source of new
ideas PG1-7925
4
5
Formulating the search strategy
Formulation of the research question and its
scope Identification of important concepts
within the question Identification of search
terms to describe those concepts Consideration
of synonyms and variations of those terms
Preparation of the search logic
5
6
The Development of the Russian Literary Language
Secularization of Church Slavonic mixing of
official and colloquial language, and foreign
elements influence of Southwestern Rus,
Ukrainian, Polish and Latin role of technical
and chancery languages West European
influences German political, military, business
terminology Salon Russian and French development
of genre Significance of Pushkin, Lermontov,
Gogol Significance of Russian scholarly
language Expansion of the literary
language newspaper and publicist
prose development of literary lexicon Syntax of
styles Role of oral tradition and the influence
of spoken Russian
6
7
The Search Logic
Truncation Wild card Boolean operators Controll
ed vocabulary Names Subjects Retrieval Roma
n alphabet Cyrillic alphabet
8
Truncation
Truncation is used at the end of a word to find
variants of the root word. This is very useful
when searching inflected languages. Truncation
symbols vary among search engines. The most
common symbols are or
russkogo literaturnogo iazyka vs russk
literaturn iazyk child vs children
9
Wild Card
A wild card option is used within a word to find
variant spellings. The most commonly used symbol
is ? Wom?n will retrieve hits on woman
and women
10
Boolean Searching
Boolean logic is the term used to describe
certain logical operations that are used to
combine search terms in many databases. The basic
Boolean operators are represented by the words
AND, OR and NOT OR The OR operator is useful
for the first phases of a search, when you are
not exactly sure what information is available on
your topic or what words are used to categorize
it. When used between two words, the OR operator
instructs the search tool to retrieve any record
containing either of the words AND If you need
to pose a more specific query, use the Boolean
operator AND, which limits results to those items
that contain both (or all) of the search terms in
your query NOT The last of the three most
common Boolean operators is the word NOT. The NOT
operator is used to eliminate records containing
a particular word or combination of words from
your search results XOR Search for records
that one or the other of your terms, but not both.
7
11
Boolean Searching (cont.)
The search result for blue AND yellow
The search result for blue OR yellow
The search result for blue NOT yellow
8
12
Controlled Vocabulary
Authority controlled names (see Searching
Cyrillic Names handout) connects variant
spellings of a name Pooshkeen,
Alexander English language thesaurus (see
Subject Searching handout) allows for English
language searching of non-English sources
Russian literature
13
Retrieval Testing the Search Strategy English
Language Search Resources
Library catalog (for monographs, periodical
titles, etc.)
Material is available onsite or ordered through
ILL
Consortia Search (to extend your search results
to other institutions)
9
14
Testing the Search Strategy English Language
Search Resources (cont.)
Databases the HBLL Website allows searches of
individual or multiple resources
Periodical Indices primary English language
indices subscriptions for Russian language and
literature are MLA, LLBA, and ABSEES
Full Text Databases primary English language
text databases subscriptions for Russian language
and literature are JSTOR and Humanities
Full-Text
Access these resources from the Subjects A-Z
link under Russian language and literature
10
15
MLA
MLA is a detailed bibliography of journal
articles, books, book chapters and
dissertations. Produced by the Modern Language
Association
Advanced search allows for narrowing by field,
genre, language, publication date, etc.
SEARCH (Russian literary language) / russk
literaturn iazyk
Your search will retrieve a citation to a source,
rather than the source itself. Follow the
hyperlink to view the full citation, then click
on the Locate Item button where the full text is
available to you N.B. Locate Item will not
search the local catalog at this time. You will
need to do that search separately. Also, be wary
of what you order through ILL (do not order the
abstract). Check for local (national)
availability in WorldCat. Dissertations most
likely will not be ordered from ProQuest, and
abstracts will be of marginal value
11
BA 19
16
LLBA
Indexes and abstracts articles from journals in
language use and linguistics
Applied Linguistics Descriptive Linguistics
Discourse Analysis / Text Linguistics History
of Linguistics Interpersonal Behavior and
Communication Language Classification Language
- Pathological and Normal Lexicography /
Lexicology Orthography, Writing Systems
Philosophy of Language Phonetics Poetics /
Literary Theory Psycholinguistics Psychometrics
Semantics Semiotics Sociolinguistics Syntax
Advance search allows for Boolean logic, and
for limiting a search by subject area,
publication date, English language, etc.
Allows different search to be combined
e.g. Ivan or Terrible or Groznyi vs Terrible
or Groznyi and Ivan
12
17
ABSEES
ABSEES Online is the online version of the
American Bibliography of Slavic and East European
Studies (ABSEES). It can be searched by multiple
fields, including author, title, publisher, date
of publication, and subject heading. There is
also full-record keyword searching Period of
Coverage 1990-present Scope of Coverage
Journal articles, books, book chapters, book
reviews, dissertations, online resources, and
selected government publications on East-Central
Europe and the former Soviet Union published in
the United States and Canada Subjects Covered
Anthropology, Ethnology, and Archaeology Culture
and the Arts Economics and Foreign Trade
Education and Scholarship Geography and
Demography Government, Law, and Politics
History International Relations Language and
Linguistics Literature Military Affairs
Philosophy, Political Theory, and Ideology
Psychology Religion Science and Technology
Sociology Women's Studies
Journals indexed
ABSEES is now an EBSCO product, and searches
identically to MLA
13
18
JSTOR (full-text)
JSTOR is an electronic archive of 794 important
scholarly journals
Basic search searches all content in all
disciplines
Browsing feature allows you to review entire
volumes by disciple and title
Advance search allows search to be narrowed by
publication date, journals, etc. istorii
russkogo literaturnogo iazyka / russk
literaturn iazyk
Has a moving wall of zero to ten years, depending
on title. JSTOR archives many book reviews and
can be used to find citations to monographs of
interest
14
19
Humanities Full-Text (Wilson Web)
Citation link to full-text source Research need
what is the literary relationship or contrast
between Gogol and Pushkin? narrow search with
example of Dead Souls
Gogol subject Pushkin subject Dead Souls
title/subject
Available through JSTOR BYU Electronic Journals
(1905-)
15
20
Russian Academy of Sciences Bibliographies
Indexes and abstracts books, articles,
manuscripts and dissertations in Slavic studies
and social sciences about materials published in
the Commonwealth of Independent States and
Eastern Europe Mainly Russian language
materials, with few holdings in North America.
21
Other Resources
FEB-Web
project instituted in 1995 by the Gorky
Institute of World Literature FEB-web is,
first and foremost, a repository of Russian
verbal art and the scholarly and other texts
vital to understanding it
Bibliographies
Language and linguistic studies, Russian
literature
Reference Assistance
local or distance
17
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