Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 82c6f3-MTk0N



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade

Description:

Title: Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade Author: Lewisville ISD Last modified by: Matt Created Date: 11/4/2009 2:20:04 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:101
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 15
Provided by: Lewis161
Learn more at: http://mrsomogye.weebly.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade


1
Africa in the Age of the Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Mr. Somogye
  • AP World History

2
Overview Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Mid 15th mid 19th cent. Aprox 11 million ppl
    from Africa to the Americas
  • Millions more died in the process
  • Vast Human Tragedy
  • Transformed societies of all participants
  • African Diaspora created racially mixed societies
    in the Americas
  • Slave trade and slavery enriched many
  • Metaphor for many types of social oppression

3
Volume of the Slave Trade
  • 15th century minimal to Atlantic island
    plantations
  • 16th century small
  • 17th c. increase to 16,000 per year
  • 18th c. most of trade, 7 million slaves, 80 of
    all trade over all years
  • 19th c. slows down, under attack, still exports
    to Cuba Brazil (1.7 million)

4
African Slave Trade
5
African Slave Trade
6
African Slavery
  • Slavery was common in African society
  • Where?
  • The Kongo, Ghana, Benin, etc.
  • All land was owned by the state
  • Owning slaves was a way to gain wealth
  • Slaves were used for servants, concubines, and
    field workers
  • Arrival of Europeans provided new opportunities
    for expansion of slavery

7
Slavery African Politics
  • Competition between rival kingdoms led to endless
    wars
  • Kingdoms trade slaves for guns
  • Wars led to political centralization
  • Slave trade shifts balance of power
  • From Sudanic Africa to the Gold Coast, the Kongo,
    and Angola

8
Slave trade
  • Most human societies had slaves
  • Africans practiced slavery and sold slaves for
    centuries
  • Slavery took many forms
  • Slavery in Americas very distinct
  • Scale and importance was enormous
  • Plantation agriculture, slave no rights,
    inherited
  • Hypocrisy of societal ideals vs. practice of
    slavery
  • Slavery blackness

9
American Sugar Plantation
  • Chattel Slavery, Seasoning of Slaves
  • Dehumanization, loss of identity
  • Sugar hardest labor
  • Terror and fear to control enslaved peoples
  • to be black to be a slave (1619)
  • many forms of resistance overt covert

10
Why Africans?
  • Origins of Atlantic slavery in Med. w/ sugar
  • Slavs no longer available
  • Indians died of European diseases
  • Indians still were enslaved, just didnt last
  • Euro indentured servants too expensive and too
    Christian
  • Africans
  • Were farmers, some immunity to Euro diseases
  • Not Christian, readily available
  • Historical dispute about racism, haha dispute
  • Racism had existed but also developed along w/
    slavery

11
Middle Passage
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vTgTGiWeRCWc
12
Slavery In Practice
  • Driven by European demand
  • Europeans rarely raided for slaves, rather they
    traded freely w/ Africans for slaves
  • Africans capture and sell 4 Euro goods (esp.
    silver)
  • Destabilized African Societies
  • Pace of slave trade inc. exponentially
  • The Enslaved
  • ppl from West Africa, marginal groups
  • Africans rarely sold own ppl
  • 80 end up in Brazil and Caribbean

13
Elmina Castle
14
Consequences of Atlantic Slave Trade
  • Created new trans-regional linkages
  • Slowed Africas Growth
  • Europe and China expand
  • Africa population drops
  • economic stagnation and political disruption (no
    production, no adv. In agriculture or industry)
  • Effects still felt today
  • tribal conflict, underdevelopment, political
    corrup.
  • Kingdoms disintegrated (Kongo, Oyo)
  • The Human Toll
About PowerShow.com