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REPORTED SPEECH

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Title: REPORTED SPEECH


1
REPORTED SPEECH
2
REPORTED SPEECH(INDIRECT SP.)
  • Indirect Speech (also referred to as 'reported
    speech') refers to a sentence reporting what
    someone has said. It is almost always used in
    spoken English.
  • If the reporting verb (i.e. said) is in the past,
    the reported clause will be in a past form. This
    form is usually one step back into the past from
    the original.

3
  • He said, "I live in Paris. present simple
  • He said he lived in Paris.
  • He said, "I am cooking dinner." present con.
  • He said he was cooking dinner.
  • He said, "I have visted London twice.present
    perfect
  • He said he had visited London twice.
  • He said, "I went to New York last week.past
    simple
  • .. He said he had gone to New York the week
    before.
  • He said, "I had already eaten." past perfect
  • He said he had already eaten
  • He said, "I am going to find a new job.going to
    future
  • He said he was going to find a new job.
  • He said, "I will give Jack a call." simple future
  • He said he would give Jack a call.

4
EXAPLES
  • Ali I dont like horror films
  • Ali said he didnt like horror film.
  • Ali says he doesnt lke horroe films.
  • Ali said I dont like horror films
  • I dont like horror films he said

5
REPORTING STATEMENTSWhile reporting the
sentences we generally use (tell and say)
  • He has told me../I will tell himWe told
    them
  • He said (that) I will say (that). OR He said
    to me ..(not common)

6
Examples(present tenses and future)
  • Paul I am not so keen on to see this film.
  • Paul says that he is not so keen on to see that
    film.
  • Paul has told us he is not so keen on to see that
    film
  • Paul will tell you he is not so keen on to see
    that film.

7
EXAMPLES(PAST AND PAST PERFECT)
  • Ayse I will help you tomorrow.
  • Ayse told me (that) she would help me the
    following day.
  • Ayse had told me........

8
TENSE CHANGES in REPORTED SPEECH
  • I never get up late gtHe said that he never
    got up late.
  • I am working on my thesis gtHe said that he
    was working on his thesis.
  • I have applied for a job. gtHe said that he
    had applied for a job.
  • I have been working for two hours. gtHe said
    that he had been working for two hours.
  • I stayed at home last night. gtHe said that
    he had stayed at home the previous night.
  • I was working in Ankara last year. gtHe said
    that he had been working in Ankara the previous
    year.

9
  • am-is-are going to.was-were going to.
  • Shall-will..shouldl-would
  • Should-would...should-would
  • Cancould
  • Must-have to.had to
  • Dont have todidnt have to
  • Musttmustnt
  • Maymight
  • Might.might
  • Used to..used to

10
Expressions of time and place in Reported Speech
  • Today that day
  • Tonight that night
  • Yesterday the previous day
  • Last week the previous week
  • Yesterday morning the previous morning
  • Two years ago two years before-earlier
  • Tomorrow the next day
  • Next week the following week
  • Now then-immediately

11
MORE REPORTING VERBS(EXAMPLES)
  • ExI didnt steal the Money
  • He denied that he had stolen the Money
  • ExWe will get married as soon as school is
    over.
  • They announced that they would get married as
    soon as school was over.
  • ExYou will really feel comfortable at that
    hotel
  • The travel agent assured us that we would really
    feel comfortable at that hotel.

12
  • ExI will never leave you
  • He promised met hat he would never leave me.
  • ExI killed him last night
  • He confessed that he had killed him the previous
    night.
  • ExI stayed in Saudi Arabia so I can speak
    Arabic fluently.
  • He boasted that he had stayed in S.A.so he could
    speak Arabic fluently.

13
Reporting Verbs
  • Add Shout
  • Boast Yell
  • Announce Inform
  • Answer Reply
  • Deny Assure
  • Complain Protest
  • Promise Remind(obj)

14
REPORTING QUESTIONS
  • Intead of say-tell
  • Ask
  • Wonder
  • Want to know
  • Want to learn

15
Examples
  • Why didnt you come to the party
  • She asked me why I hadnt come to the party.
  • Why are you leaving so early today
  • My mother asked me why I was leaving so early
    that day.
  • Are you coming with us
  • She asked me if I was coming with them.

16
  • Are you coming with us
  • She is asking me if I am coming with them.
  • Why did you refuse my offer
  • He has asked me twice why I refused his offer

17
REPORTING IMPERATIVES
  • DirectStudy your lessons regularly
  • IndirectThe teacher told us to study our.
  • DirectDont try to cheat during the exam.
  • IndirectThe teacher warned us not to cheat in
    the exam.

18
  • DirectDont play with the matches.
  • IndirectI warned my son not to play with the
    matches.
  • DirectDont use my car again.
  • IndirectMy father ordered me not use his car
    again.
  • gtORMy father forbade me to use his car.

19
  • DirectDont forget to phone Ann later today
  • IndirectSue reminded me not to forget to phone
    Ann later that day.
  • ORgtSue reminded me to phone..
  • DirectDont hit the children
  • IndirectHis wife begged him not to hit the
    children.
  • DirectHelp me please with this heavy suitcase.
  • IndirectAn old lady requested me to help her.

20
Reported sp.mixed type
  • Statement Statement
  • ExI have to study hard or I will fail the the
    test
  • She said that she had to study hard or she would
    fail the test
  • ExI liked the book but I didnt like its film
    version much
  • She said that she had liked the book but she
    hadnt liked its film version much.

21
  • Question Question
  • ExWhy are you still at home?Does your lesson
    start later today?
  • My mother asked me why I was still at home and if
    my lesson started later that day.

22
  • Question Imperative / Imperative Quesion
  • ExWhy are you still waiting?Start your work
    without delay
  • The boss asked the employees why they were still
    waiting and told them to start their work without
    delay.
  • ExDo it as I told you.Do you have any more
    questions?
  • The manager told the secretary to do it as he had
    told her and asked if she had any more questions.

23
  • Statement Question / Question Statement
  • ExIt is very hot in here.Can I open the
    window?
  • I said that it was very hot in there and asked if
    I could open the window.
  • ExWhat time is it?I dont want to miss the news
    programme on TV.
  • She wantwd to know what time it was and said that
    she didnt want to miss the news programme on TV.

24
  • Statement Imperative / Imperative Statement
  • ExI am very keen on my freedom.Dont interfere
    in my business.
  • She told her parents that she was very keen on
    her freedom and told them not to interfere in her
    business.
  • ExDont involve me in this case.I dont want to
    get into trouble.
  • He told us not to involve him in that case and
    said that he didnt want to get into trouble.
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