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A WORLD CRISIS

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Title: A WORLD CRISIS


1
A WORLD CRISIS
2
The Great War
  • Europe cared more about the archdukes death than
    America did.
  • In five weeks, war was declaredbut not just
    because of this, but because of political factors

3
Causes of WWI
  • Nationalism- Extreme pride or devotion that
    people feel for their country or culture.
  • Nationalism led to a competition for power.
  • The Balkans were fiercely fought for as the
    Ottoman Empire began to decay and the
    Austro-Hungarian Empire saw a possibility for
    expansion
  • AHE moved in and annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina.

4
(No Transcript)
5
Continued
  • The Serbs fought against the Austria-Hungry
    Empire and the Russians began to assist the Serbs
    in their efforts.
  • Imperialism made counties desire more territory
    than in prior history.
  • In places like Great Britain and France they had
    expanded to Africa, the Middle East, and
    Asia.Germany wanted the same.

6
Causes of WWI
  • German Emperor, Kaiser Wilhelm II, wanted
    colonies for Germany as they provided more
    natural resources.
  • They needed a strong Military
  • Militarism- The policy of preparedness and
    building up weapons.
  • Germany built a navy and took on the worlds
    strongest sea power- GB

7
Germany Grows
  • Germans had the latest weapons of the times-
    machine gun and large artillery
  • A Extremely strong Navy
  • The Schlieffen Plan- A surprise invasion of
    France by passing through Belgium with a
    subsequent attack on Russia.
  • GB, France, and Russia all began to bulk up too.

8
Alliances
  • Allies are created to maintain peacebut they end
    up sending Europe into war.
  • Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria Hungary, and
    Italy
  • Triple Entente- Great Britain, France, and Russia
  • Balance of Power- Each nation or alliance had
    equal strength.
  • MAD

9
  • Remember that the Assassination of Franz
    Ferdinand exposed the flaws in this idea.
  • After the first attack on Austria Hungary, Europe
    goes into war.
  • Austria Hungary blamed Serbia's for Ferdinands
    murder and declared war.
  • Russia had allied with the Slavs
  • Germany saw Russias joining as aggression so
    Germany joins in against Russia and Austria
    Hungary
  • Then Germany declares war against Russias ally
    France

10
The Germans take Belgium
  • 1914- Germany moved into Belgium, which was
    neutral ground, and attacked thinking the best
    strategy was surprise.
  • However, Britain had allied with Belgium! So the
    attack made Britain join the war too.

11
THE SIDES OF THE WAR
  • CENTRAL POWERS- Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the
    Ottoman Empire
  • ALLIED POWERS- Great Britain, France, Russian
  • 30 more nations soon joined, mostly on the side
    of the Allied Powers

12
  • At fist the Schlieffen Plan worked well as
    Belgium had only 6 division compared to 36 German
    divisions.
  • Germans Field Marshal said, Our advance in
    Belgium is certainly brutalall who get in the
    way must take the consequences.

13
Germany VS France
  • France stilled used the row and bayonet technique
  • Germany had superior fireMachine Guns.
  • A well trained MG team could set up in 4 seconds.
    1 machine gun could fire 600 bullets a minute
  • Early on, 15,000 French died per day in battle.

14
The 1st Battle of the Marne
  • September 7, 1914- Battle of the Marne- 2 million
    men fight. 250,000 die. France pushed Germany
    back by 40 miles
  • The French were still not completely wining, but
    it gave Russia time to mobilize.

15
  • By late 1914, two massive systems of trenches
    stretches for 400 miles in Europe
  • Page 234-235
  • Trench war is not new- It occurred during the
    American Civil War and in Asia.
  • People lived in trenches trying to avoid
    Grenades, MG Fire, and exploding artillery
    shells.

16
  • Fighting in The Trenches.
  • Chlorine Gas by Germans
  • Masks worked well.
  • The British used tanks, but many got stuck in the
    mud early on.
  • Air Planes
  • Why werent the new weapons effective in the
    Trenches?
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