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Sin and Forgiveness

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Sin and Forgiveness pp. 283-290 What is sin? Sin is an intentional act, through word or deed: ... The Sacrament of Reconciliation removes the stain of mortal sin. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Sin and Forgiveness


1
Sin and Forgiveness
  • pp. 283-290

2
What is sin?
  • Sin is an intentional act, through word or deed
  • Committed freely and with deliberate action.
  • Not considered a mistake or an error.

3
  • Sins are actions or omissions
  • Action that I do or do not do on purpose.
  • They violate Gods law of love.
  • We must admit responsibility and bear the
    consequences.
  • Guilt is the internal burden of sin.

4
  • Sins can be venial or mortal
  • Sins can be destructive to our relationship with
    God, others and ourselves leading to permanent
    death (mortal). They can be less serious however
    they still turn us away from God (venial).
  • See pg. 285 for the Catechisms definition

5
  • Sin destroys the relational
  • It is a breach of the covenant with God or
    falling short of that covenant (according to the
    bible).
  • This happens when we live for created goods like
    money and power rather than God (like creating
    false gods).
  • We deliberately choose to distance ourselves from
    God and our neighbour.

6
  • Sin is an enduring state of hard-heartedness or
    moral blindness
  • Habitual sin can reshape the core or our being
    (destroy humanity in our hearts, esteem the
    dehumanizing fantasies of our mind and close down
    our hope of becoming a truly loving person).
  • It corrodes our capacity to love others.
  • It causes an alienation with God, others, nature
    and ourselves (contrary to the communion of love).

7
The impact of sin on institutions and society
  • What impact does sin have as it spreads
    throughout the institutions of society?
  • Social or structural evil manifests in many ways
    and under many names Apartheid, Holocaust,
    ethnic cleansing, genocide, anti-Semitism,
    fascism, terrorism etc.

8
Seeking to understand social evil
  • According to Vern Redekop and Rene Girard, social
    evils arise when basic needs are not met due to
    particular historical or social conditions.
  • Threats to identity
  • Rivalries
  • Need for scapegoats

9
Mortal Sin
  • Sin must be of a grave nature
  • The sinner must have full knowledge (that it is a
    sin)
  • The sinner must fully consent (to violating his
    or her conscience)
  • If you die in a state of mortal sin, you go to
    hell. The Sacrament of Reconciliation removes the
    stain of mortal sin.
  • When in a state of mortal sin, we MUST receive
    the Sacrament of Reconciliation to restore
    ourselves in Gods eyes.

10
Venial Sin
  • Less serious sins where we dont live up to moral
    law, or when we commit a mortal sin without
    knowledge and consent.
  • Venial sins dont deprive us from salvation, but
    they do turn us away from God and can lead to
    mortal sin. It is recommended to seek out the
    Sacrament of Reconciliation from time to time to
    remove these sins as well.

11
Recall Path to God example
  • Imagine your spiritual path to God is a straight
    line from where you are standing to face the
    crucifix.
  • When you are in a state of grace, you are
    perfectly lined up to reach the crucifix venial
    sins turn you away from the crucifix you can
    still reach the crucifix though.
  • Mortal sin is like you having been locked outside
    the classroom you cannot reach the crucifix.
  • Reconciliation lets you back in the room and put
    you back in line with the crucifix (Restores us
    from venial mortal sins).

12
Sin (Blasphemy) Against the Spirit
  • The only sin that is not forgiven.
  • If we deliberately refuse to accept Gods mercy
    through repenting if you reject the forgiveness
    of sins and the salvation offered by the Holy
    Spirit, it can lead to final impenitence and
    eternal loss.
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