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Carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates What are Carbohydrates? Sugars Starches Type of Starch Example Glycogen Energy storage in liver and muscle Cellulose Energy storage in plants Type of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Carbohydrates


1
Carbohydrates
2
What are Carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates Sugars and Starches
  • Sugars
  • Starches

Names of Sugars- end in ose
Type of Sugar Example
Glucose Blood Sugar
Fructose Found in Corn Syrup
Maltose Found in Barley
Sucrose Table Sugar
Dextrose Type of glucose
Galactose Less sweet glucose
Lactose Found in Milk
Type of Starch Example
Glycogen Energy storage in liver and muscle
Cellulose Energy storage in plants
3
What do we use carbohydrates for?
  • Quick Energy!

4
  • Why do I get quick energy from carbohydrates?

5
Molecular Structure!
  • Consists of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
  • Ratio of Hydrogen to Oxygen
  • 21

Glucose C6H12O6
Fructose C6H12O6
6
Isomers
  • Isomers- same chemical formula- different
    structure

Glucose C6H12O6
Fructose C6H12O6
7
Monosaccharide
  • Monomer- 1 sugar molecule
  • Examples- Glucose, Fructose

Fructose C6H12O6
Glucose C6H12O6
8
Disaccharide
  • Disaccharide- 2 monomers of sugar joined together
  • Examples Sucrose and Maltose

Sucrose- Glucose and Fructose C12H22O11
Maltose- 2 Glucose C12H22O11
9
Polysaccharide/Starch
  • Polysaccharide- many chains of carbohydrate
    monomers joined together

Energy storage
Plant energy storage
Animal storage in liver muscles
10
Dehydration Synthesis- molecules join together,
water is an end product
  • Reactants ? 2 carbohydrate monomers
  • Products ? 1 disaccharide water

Example Join 2 glucose molecules to create
maltose
11
Hydrolysis- add water to break apart molecule
  • Reactants ? 1 disaccharide water
  • Products ? 2 carbohydrate monomers

Example Break sucrose into glucose and fructose
12
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vb7TdWLNhMtM
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vUyDnnD3fMaUNR1
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