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South Africa and Apartheid

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South Africa and Apartheid Apartheid Definition: ... Leader of the Black Consciousness Movement: sought to unite all non-white people socially, politically, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: South Africa and Apartheid


1
(No Transcript)
2
South Africa and Apartheid
3
Apartheid
  • Definition
  • Images of Apartheid
  • Policy of racial segregation formerly followed in
    South Africa
  • 1948-1990
  • 4 groups of people
  • White
  • Bantu, or black Africans
  • Coloured, or people of mixed descent
  • Asians

4
The Laws of Apartheid Determined
  • Road Sign
  • Where people could live (blacks were separated
    into different townships)
  • Jobs they could hold
  • Education they could receive
  • Pass laws All blacks had to carry pass books
    that were used to control their employment and
    free movement
  • Laws authorized segregated public facilities
  • Denied any representation of nonwhites in the
    national government

5
What Does this Chart Show Us?
6
Events and Groups Against Apartheid
  • Sharpeville Massacre
  • The ANC
  • 1960
  • Peaceful demonstration vs. pass laws
  • 200 people shot (most in the back)
  • Turned the ANC to violence (not peaceful protest)
  • African National Congress
  • S.A.s main black political organization
  • Banned until 1990, the primary goal through the
    years has been the end of the apartheid system
    and the establishment of a democratic, nonracial
    South Africa.

7
Aftermath of the Sharpeville Massacre
8
Important People Involved in Ending Apartheid
  • Steve Biko
  • Leader of the Black Consciousness Movement
    sought to unite all non-white people socially,
    politically, and culturally and create a sphere
    in which whites had no influence
  • F.W. DeKlerk
  • Last white President of S.A. 1989-1994
  • Brought the apartheid system of racial
    segregation to an end
  • Transition to majority rule

Steve Biko
F.W. DeKlerk
9
Nelson Mandela
  • Mandela DeKlerk Accepting the Nobel Peace Prize
    in 1993
  • Imprisoned for 27 years for going against the
    white government (Sentenced to life)
  • Led S.A. from apartheid to democracy
  • S.A. president from 1994-1999

10
Resources
  • "Apartheid and Strife in South Africa
    (Overview)." World History The Modern Era.
    ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010.
    http//worldhistory.abc-clio.com/
  • "apartheid." World History The Modern Era.
    ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010.
    lthttp//worldhistory.abc-clio.com/gt
  • "Nelson Mandela and Frederik de Klerk win Nobel
    Prize." Image. Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty Images.
    World History The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010.
    Web. 7 Oct. 2010. lthttp//worldhistory.abc-clio.co
    m/gt
  • "Racist road sign in South Africa." Image. Hulton
    Archive. World History The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO,
    2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010. http//worldhistory.abc-cl
    io.com/
  • "Segregated stands in a South African sports
    arena." Image. Corel. World History The Modern
    Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010.
    lthttp//worldhistory.abc-clio.com/gt
  • "Sharpeville massacre." Image. Hulton Archive.
    World History The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010.
    Web. 7 Oct. 2010. http//worldhistory.abc-clio.com
    /
  • "Sharpeville massacre." World History The Modern
    Era. ABC-CLIO, 2010. Web. 7 Oct. 2010.
    lthttp//worldhistory.abc-clio.com/gt
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