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Comparative Emergency Management

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Title: Incident Management and the NIMS Author: DPC Last modified by: bjohnso4 Created Date: 2/2/2009 11:58:54 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparative Emergency Management


1
Comparative Emergency Management
  • Session 27 Slide Deck

2
Session Objectives
  1. Define the Multilateral Organizations
  2. Describe the United Nations, and Provide Examples
    of How it Participates in Emergency Management
  3. Define Regional Multilateral Organizations, and
    Provide Two Brief Examples of Regional
    Multilateral Organizations Involved in Emergency
    Management

3
Multilateral Organization
  • An organization that is made up of central
    governments of individual countries

4
Organizational Possibilities
  • Globally-based
  • Regionally-based
  • Organized around a common issue or function

5
The United Nations
  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Trusteeship Council
  • The Secretariat
  • The International Court of Justice

6
OCHA
  • Established to accommodate the needs of victims
    of disasters and emergencies
  • Coordinates assistance provided by the UN system
    in emergencies that exceed the capacity and
    mandate of any individual agency

7
OCHA Categories of Response
  • Coordinating the international humanitarian
    response
  • Providing support and policy development to the
    humanitarian community
  • Advocating for humanitarian issues to ensure that
    the overall direction of relief reflects the
    general needs of recovery and peace building

8
OCHA Leadership, Components, and Offices
  • Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC)
  • The Inter-Agency Steering Committee (IASC)
  • Disaster Response System
  • UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team
    (UNDAC)
  • Humanitarian Coordinator (HC)
  • On-Site Operations Coordination Center (OSOCC)
  • Executive Committee on Humanitarian Affairs
    (ECHA)
  • Donor Relations Section (DRS)

9
IASC Coordination Actions
  • Developing common strategies
  • Assessing situations and needs
  • Convening coordination forums
  • Mobilizing resources
  • Addressing common problems
  • Administering coordination mechanisms and tools

10
IASC Objectives
  • Develop / agree on system-wide humanitarian
    policies
  • Allocate responsibilities among agencies
  • Develop and agree on a common ethical framework
  • Advocate common humanitarian principles to
    parties outside the IASC
  • Identify areas where gaps in mandates or lack of
    operational capacity exist
  • Resolve disputes or disagreement about and
    between humanitarian agencies on system-wide
    humanitarian issues

11
DESA Actions
  • Compiles, generates, and analyzes economic,
    social, and environmental data and information
  • Facilitates negotiations of members in on joint
    courses of action to address ongoing or emerging
    global challenges
  • Advises national governments on translating
    UN-developed policy frameworks into country-level
    programs and helps build national capacities

12
UNCRD
  • Supports training and research on regional
    development issues and facilitates information
    dissemination and exchange
  • Maintains a Disaster Management Planning Office
    that researches and develops community-based,
    sustainable projects for disaster management
    planning and capacity-building in developing
    countries

13
UNDP
  • Capacity building central to the UNDP mission
  • Empowers host countries to be better able to
    address issues of national importance
  • Moved into the area of disaster management as
    more disasters affected larger populations and
    caused greater financial impacts
  • Developing nations where the UNDP works face the
    greatest disaster vulnerabilities
  • Projects indirectly address mitigation /
    preparedness roles

14
UNDP / BCPR Foci
  • Natural disaster reduction
  • Recovery
  • Mine action
  • Conflict prevention and peace building
  • Justice and security sector reform
  • Small arms and demobilization

15
BCPR Disaster Reduction Unit
  • Increasing capacity for disaster risk reduction
  • Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into
    development
  • Increasing investment in disaster risk reduction

16
Other UN Agencies
  • UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF)
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • UN Disaster Management Team (UNDMT)

17
CAP
  • Allows humanitarian aid organizations to plan,
    implement, and monitor their activities
  • Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP)
  • Initiated in three types of situations
  • When there is an acute humanitarian need caused
    by a conflict or a natural disaster
  • When the government is either unable or unwilling
    to address the humanitarian need
  • When a single UN agency cannot cover all
    requirements

18
Regional Multilateral Orgs
  • Address issues of regional / global importance
  • Can be more focused / less bureaucratic
  • Examples
  • NATO
  • EU
  • OAS
  • SADC
  • CEPREDENAC
  • CDERA
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