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Collective Rights

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Collective Rights Collective rights belong to groups of people and are entrenched in Canada s constitution Aboriginals, Anglophones, and Francophones hold ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Collective Rights


1
Collective Rights
  • Collective rights belong to groups of people and
    are entrenched in Canadas constitution
  • Aboriginals, Anglophones, and Francophones hold
    collective rights
  • Collective rights recognize the founding peoples
    of Canada

2
Numbered Treaties
  • The Numbered Treaties are historic agreements
    that affect the rights and identity of some First
    Nations in Canada
  • The Numbered Treaties have roots in the Royal
    Proclamation of 1763
  • The proclamation recognized First Nations rights
    to land, and established the principle of making
    treaties through peaceful negotiation

3
Numbered Treaties
  • Other laws, including the Indian Act and section
    35 of the constitution affect the collective
    rights of First Nations
  • The collective rights of First Nations are a work
    in progress, including negotiations today
  • The Numbered Treaties were agreements between the
    Queen and First Nations

4
Numbered Treaties
  • First Nations agreed to share their lands and
    resources in peace
  • Canadas government agreed to terms covering
    First Nations education, reserves, and annuities
  • The terms differ from Treaty to Treaty

5
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6
Numbered Treaties
  • For First Nations, the Numbered Treaties are
    sacred, nation to nation agreements, solemnly
    made and cannot be changed without their
    permission
  • Not all First Nations people signed Treaties.
    Their collective rights are affirmed in section
    35 of the constitution

7
Numbered Treaties
  • First Nations in the west and Canada negotiated
    the Numbered Treaties for many reasons
  • Canada wanted to build a railway to link B.C. to
    the rest of Canada
  • First Nations and Canadas government wanted to
    avoid war
  • First Nations wanted to secure their future

8
Numbered Treaties
  • Perspectives play a role in the interpretation of
    the Treaties
  • Canadas government believes First Nations gave
    up their land under the Treaties. Many First
    Nations disagree
  • First Nations recorded the Treaties in their oral
    histories in their own languages
  • Canadas government recorded the Treaties in
    writing in English
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