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Essay tips! How to avoid a scarlet C------ on your essay!

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The Scarlet Letter ESSAY TIPS! HOW TO AVOID A SCARLET C----- ON YOUR ESSAY! Theme vs. Fact Thesis must have a provable idea, and not simply state a fact. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Essay tips! How to avoid a scarlet C------ on your essay!


1
The Scarlet Letter
  • Essay tips! How to avoid a scarlet C------ on
    your essay!

2
(No Transcript)
3
Theme vs. Fact
  • Thesis must have a provable idea, and not simply
    state a fact. Some examples include
  • Hawthorne illustrates through the main character,
    Hester Prynne, the variety of ways that sin can
    isolate the sinner.
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne uses Hester Prynne to show
    how sin can isolate the sinner physically,
    socially, and religiously.
  • In The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne illustrates the
    guilt that Arthur Dimmesdale suffers socially,
    physically, and emotionally.
  • Hawthorne uses Pearl to demonstrate how sin
    victimizes those innocent of sin.
  • Hawthorne uses Dimmesdale to show that guilt can
    destroy a person, both in body and soul.

4
Theme vs. Fact
  • Topic sentences/ Secondary Claims must also
    provide an idea to prove or support. This is
    where you might state one effect of your topic.
  • Near the middle of The Scarlet Letter,
    Dimmesdales guilt greatly affects his spiritual
    and emotional life.
  • In the beginning of the book, Hester is isolated
    from society both socially and physically.
  • Hawthorne depicts how sin isolates Hester Prynne
    physically from the society in which she lives.
  • From the moment Hester enters the novel,
    Hawthorne hints at how her sin cuts her off
    psychologically from society.

5
Thesis words
  • Define your terms!
  • Look at the key words of your thesis. Find other
    ways to say these words. HINT Do not simply use
    a thesaurus.
  • Look at the text carefully to examine the various
    ways Hawthorne defines or shows us these terms.
  • What does it mean to be isolated?
  • What does it mean to be destroyed by guilt?

6
Analysis
  • Focus on Hawthorne.
  • What is his intent/purpose/meaning in
    illustrating these instances?
  • Hawthorne does not use his own quotations or
    provide examples.
  • Do not simply list examples of how the character
    shows the idea of the theme. You must examine how
    Hawthorne creates these situations in an effort
    to demonstrate his theme.
  • Look carefully at the text. Avoid plot summary.

7
Quotations
  • You should have a minimum of two quotations
    incorporated into each body paragraph. Ask
    yourself these questions regarding each quote you
    include
  • 1) Does this quote directly and clearly support
    the topic of my support and this body paragraph.
  • 2) Is my quote part of a sentence?
  • 3) If I have a block quotation (longer than 3
    lines), does it begin on a new line?
  • 4) Is this quote the absolute best quote to
    extract from the text to prove my claim? Be sure
    to consider your choices. Ask me for help with
    this if you are unsure.

8
Additional tips for success!
  • Watch out for the following
  • Run-on sentences
  • Usage of commas and semicolons ,/
  • Whom/who
  • 16 vs. sixteen- you always should write out the
    number!
  • Rhetorical questionsDO NOT ASK THESE
  • Use of the word like instead try for example
    or for instance
  • Sentence fluency/ fragments- this goes along with
    proofreading
  • Present tense! Be sure to refer to the plot/
    characters in the present tense at all times
    throughout your essay
  • Be sure to underline or italicize titles!
    Integrate quotations seamlessly into your own
    sentences.
  • This should be followed by a noun.
  • Better yet, do NOT use the sentence construction
    This example shows.

9
Conclusion
  • Remember, you did not have to write a conclusion
    for your first essay in this class. Please follow
    the guidelines below when writing your conclusion
    for this essay.
  • 4-6 sentences
  • Summarize last 1-2 pages of novel.
  • Connect whats happening on those last pages to
    the theme youre analyzing.
  • Universal idea Mention how theme is still
    relevant today.

10
Organization
  • A) You may choose to organize and write your
    essay chronologically
  • For example
  • Body paragraph 1
  • Hawthorne demonstrates that guilt can destroy a
    person both in body and soul in the beginning of
    the novel when Dimmesdales Health is fair
  • Body paragraph 2
  • "Hawthorne demonstrates that guilt can destroy a
    person both in body and soul in the middle of his
    novel when his health is deteriorating
  • Body paragraph 3
  • Hawthorne demonstrates that guilt can destroy a
    person both in body and soul at the end of the
    novel when Dimmesdales body and soul is
    ultimately annihilated

11
Topic
  • B) You may choose to write by topic
  • For example
  • Body paragraph 1
  • Hawthorne demonstrates that sin isolates the
    sinner when Hesters sin isolates her is
    socially
  • Body paragraph 2
  • Secondly, Hawthorne demonstrates that sin
    isolates the sinner through Hesters sin
    isolating her physically
  • Body paragraph 3
  • Thirdly, Hawthorne demonstrates that sin
    isolates the sinner through Hesters sin
    isolating her religiously

12
Both
  • C) You may choose to do both (this is the most
    difficult method to attempt)
  • For example
  • Body paragraph 1
  • Hawthorne first illustrates how Pearl becomes an
    innocent victim of sin in the beginning of the
    novel, when the Puritan community wrongfully
    places their anger from Hesters affair on Pearl
  • Body paragraph 2
  • In the middle of the novel, it is evident that
    Pearl is an innocent victim of sin when she grows
    up without a patriarchal family in Puritan
    society
  • Body paragraph 3
  • Lastly, at the end of Hawthornes novel, he
    illustrates Pearl to be an innocent victim of sin
    by demonstrating her lack of any human
    sympathies

13
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