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Buddhism

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Buddhism The Buddha- review Siddhartha Gautama Mother died when he was only one week old Warrior/prince The 4 Passing sights Not safe any more Despair Great going ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Buddhism


1
Buddhism
2
The Buddha- review
  • Siddhartha Gautama
  • Mother died when he was only one week old
  • Warrior/prince
  • The 4 Passing sights
  • Not safe any more
  • Despair
  • Great going forth
  • Luxury was unsatisfactory
  • The Middle Way

3
Sangha
  • After the enlightenment, the Buddha searched his
    five former companions and they reconciled with
    him and became his first followers
  • The Buddha attracted many people
  • The Buddha thus formed the Sangha- community
  • His son became Buddhist

4
Nirvana
  • At the age of 80, the Buddha became extremely ill
    after eating a spoiled food
  • The Buddha sensed that he was going to die and
    called his disciples. Told them that everything
    must die including him.
  • He then offered a final advise You must be your
    own lamps, be your own refuges. Take refuge in
    nothing outside yourselves.
  • The Buddha then turned on his right side and died
    passing forever into Nirvana

5
The Buddha today
  • Not god but human
  • Avatar of Vishnu
  • Many Buddhists do not pray to him
  • Buddhists follow his example

6
Arhat
  • An arhat is someone who has attained
    enlightenment but has not died yet
  • The Buddha was an arhat
  • Arhats are considered saints

7
Buddhist teachings
  • The Buddhas teachings play a key role in
    defining the religious life of Buddhism rather
    than the Buddha himself.
  • It is impossible to know exactly what the Buddha
    taught.
  • He did not write down his teachings, nor did his
    early disciples.
  • The only written versions were recorded several
    hundred years after his death.
  • The core of what is generally regarded as basic
    Buddhism are the Three Jewels
  • The Buddha
  • The Dharma
  • The Sangha

8
JEWEL OF BUDDHISM THE BUDDHA
  • Practice meditation (experiential dimension)
  • He is an ideal human being whom other human
    beings should imitate
  • He is not usually thought of as being dead but as
    existing in a timeless dimension beyond the world

9
JEWEL OF BUDDHISM The Dharma
  • Buddhas teachings- (doctrinal dimension)- about
    how to view the world and how to live properly
  • The Buddhist dharma is not the same as the Hindus
    dharma- ethical duty

10
Buddhism
3 characteristics ofBuddhist Dharma (teachings)
  • Inner wisdom, vs. faith in God
  • Buddhist truths do not come from Divine
    revelation outside the person.
  • (e.g. 10 commandments, burning bush,
    Transfiguration)
  • Buddhist truths discovered by looking inside.
  • Doctrine based on observation of what is.
  • A psychologically-centered religion
  • World Religions
  • Chapter 4

11
  • Karma in Buddhist world
  • The moral law of cause and effect
  • It functions hand in hand with samsara
  • The nature of ones rebirth depends on the status
    of ones karma
  • Because Buddhism denies the transference of any
    self or soul, personal identity depends entirely
    on karma.
  • When an individual dies, his or her karma
    continues on its particular trajectory bringing
    about rebirth.
  • At conception the new person is possessed of this
    particular status brought on by the karma of the
    previous life.

12
Buddhas teachings
  • The teachings are practical
  • He refused to talk about god and faith
  • His refusal to talk about something else besides
    how to end suffering is called his noble silence
  • He speculated about unanswerable questions like a
    man who had been wounded by an arrow but refused
    to pull it out until he knew everything about the
    arrow and the person who shot it. The wounded man
    would die before he could get all the information
    he wanted.

13
JEWEL OF BUDDHISM The Sangha
  • Monastic/religious community
  • The community is divided between monks, nuns, and
    laity
  • Show commitment to being Buddhist
  • (social dimension)

14
The 5 Pricepts
  • Because karma is affected by the moral adequacy
    of ones actions, morality is of pressing concern
    for Buddhism.
  • The moral life requires observance of the Five
    Precepts
  • Do not take life
  • Do not take what is not given
  • Do not engage in sensuous misconduct
  • Do not use false speech
  • Do not drink intoxicants

15
  • The five precepts apply to all Buddhists.
  • The following precepts are added for monks and
    nuns
  • 6. Do not eat after noon (1200)
  • 7. Do not watch dancing or shows
  • 8. Do not use garlands, perfumes, or ornaments.
  • 9. Do not use a high or soft bed.
  • 10. Do not accept gold or silver.
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