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b. Describe the major religions in Europe; include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

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Title: b. Describe the major religions in Europe; include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


1
SS6G11 The student will describe the cultural
characteristics of Europe.
  • b. Describe the major religions in Europe
    include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

2
Religions of Europe
3
Major European Religions
  • Judaism
  • Christianity
  • Islam

4
Judaism
  • 15 million Jews worldwide
  • Founded by Abraham in 2000 BC
  • Holy Books is the Torah
  • Worship at a Synagogue

5
Where Practiced- Judaism
  • Most Jews live in the United States (5.8 million)
    and Israel (4.8 million). Europe was once home to
    millions of Jewish people, but most of the
    survivors of the Holocaust immigrated to other
    nations (between 5-6 million died in the
    Holocaust). Today only 2.3 million
  • Jews remain in Europe.

6
Where Practiced- Judaism cont.
Judaism is found in higher numbers in the United
Kingdom, France, Germany, and Russia.
7
Christianity
  • 2.1 billion Christians worldwide
  • Approximately 76 of Europeans practice some form
    of Christianity.
  • Founded by Jesus Christ in 30 AD
  • Holy Book is the Bible
  • Worship at a Church

8
Islam
  • 1.3 billion Muslims worldwide
  • The European countries with a Muslim majority in
    Europe are Albania and Kosovo.
  • Founded by Muhammad in 610 AD
  • Holy book is the Koran
  • Worship at a Mosque

9
Where Practiced- Islam cont.
The largest numbers of Muslims in Europe are
located on the southeast corner of the continent
(nearest Asia). In Western Europe the largest
numbers are in Southern France
10
Followers Called
  • Judaism- Jews
  • Islam- Muslims
  • Christianity- Christians

11
Holy Days
  • Christian
  • CHRISTMAS (Birth of Jesus)
  • EASTER (Resurrection of Jesus)

12
Holy Days
  • Judaism
  • ROSH HASHANAH (Jewish New Year- Celebrates
    creation as told in Genesis)
  • YOM KIPPUR (Day of Atonement- observed by
    twenty-four hours of fasting and prayer in order
    to cleanse oneself of any sins.
  • HANUKKAH (Festival of Lights celebrates victory
    of the Maccabees and rededication of temple in
    Jerusalem.

13
Holy Days
  • Islam
  • Eid-ul-Fitr (This marks the end of Ramadan, the
    month of fasting, and is a festival of great
    celebration. Muslims thank Allah for the strength
    he gave them to help them practice self-control.)
  • Eid-ul-Adha (This fiesta symbols the end of the
    Hajj or holy pilgrimage, which is one of the 5
    pillars of Islam. though it is celebrated by all
    Muslims, not just individuals who are on the
    pilgrimage. Marks the anniversary of Abrahams
    willingness to sacrifice his own son when God
    ordered.)
  • Ramadan (holy month in which Muslims practice
    fasting).

14
Similarities
  • All are monotheistic-belief in one god
  • Jerusalem is a holy site for all three
  • All three trace their origin to Abraham
  • Moses is an important prophet for all three

15
Differences
  • Judaism does not consider Jesus or Mohammad a
    prophet or religious figure
  •  
  • Christianity does not consider Mohammad a prophet
    or religious figure
  • Muslims worship on Friday Jews worship on
    Saturday Christians worship on Sunday

16
Major Religions of the World
17
Graphic Organizer Major Religions
Religion Holy Book Houses of Worship Holy Days Founders Facts
Judaism Torah Synagogues Temples Rosh Hashanah Yom Kippur Hanukkah Abraham through his Isaac 15 million Jews worldwide, followers called Jews, monotheistic(believe in one God)
Christianity The Bible (Old and New Testaments) Churches Chapels Halls Christmas Easter Jesus Christ Largest religion in the world About 76 of European practice some form of Christianity, monotheistic(believe in one God)
Islam Quran (Koran) Mosques Ramadan Eid al-Fitr Eid al-Adha Muhammad 1.3 billion in the world, monotheistic(believe in one God), followers called Muslims
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