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Major Religions in Europe: Judaism, Christianity,

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Title: Three World Religions: Judaism, Christianity, & Islam Author: King, Lee Last modified by: RCBOE-User Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Major Religions in Europe: Judaism, Christianity,


1
Major Religions in Europe Judaism, Christianity,
Islam
  • SS6G11 B. Describe the major religions in Europe
    include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
  • EQ What are the characteristics of the three
    major religions in Europe (Judaism, Christianity,
    and Islam)?

2
  • Europe is home to many religions
  • Three main ones Judaism, Christianity, Islam
  • These religions have some similarities even a
    common history

3
  • Religion has been very important in the history
    of Europe
  • Wars have been fought government leaders have
    been changed
  • Today, most Europeans have the freedom to choose
    their religion they respect the religion of
    others

4
MONOTHEISM
  • Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are major faiths
    that are examples of monotheism, or belief in one
    supreme god.

5
I. JUDAISM
  • First practiced by a small group of people in
    Southwest Asia called the Israelites.
  • Founded by Abraham around 2000 BC.
  • Followers today are known as Jews and there are
    about 15 million worldwide.
  • Holy book is the Torah.

6
Jewish Beliefs
  • Believe that they descended from Abraham and
    Sarah, the first people to worship Yahweh (God).
  • Abraham lived at least 3,700 years ago in what is
    now Iraq.

7
Jerusalem, Israel
8
Diaspora
  • Over the centuries, the Jews would be conquered
    and forced to leave their homeland many times.
  • Eventually, they spread to countries in many
    parts of the world.
  • Scattering of the Jews Diaspora.
  • In many areas, the Jews were treated cruelly
  • European Jews were nearly wiped out by Hitler and
    Nazi Germany

9
Jewish Diaspora
10
Holy Days
  • Passover festival that retells the story of the
    Israelites fleeing Egypt.
  • Rosh Hashanah Jewish New Years Day.
  • Yom Kippur known as the Day of Atonement. People
    fast (go without food) and pray on this day.

11
II. Christianity
  • Arose from Judaism in Southwest Asia.
  • A Jew named Jesus began preaching in what today
    is Israel, the West Bank, and Jordan around 30
    AD.
  • Some Jews greeted him as the messiah, or savior,
    who would deliver them from Roman persecution.

12
Christianity
  • Followers of Jesus are called Christians.
  • The holy book of the Christians is the Bible
    stories about Jesus became the New Testament.
  • There are about 2.1 billion followers worldwide.

13
Christianity
  • Beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus
  • love of God and others,
  • a regard for justice,
  • a belief that Jesus is the Son of God
  • Divided into 3 major groups Eastern Orthodox,
    Roman Catholic, Protestant
  • Practiced in most parts of the world today

14
Holy Days
  • Christmas Jesus birthday.
  • Good Friday day Jesus was crucified.
  • Easter most important day of Christian calendar
    believed to be the day that Jesus rose from the
    dead.

15
III. ISLAM
  • Began around 610 AD in Southwest Asia.
  • In Arabic, Islam means surrender to the will of
    Allah (God).
  • Followers of Islam are called Muslims, and the
    founder is Muhammad.
  • Believe that Muhammad is the last and greatest
    prophet of Islam, which included Abraham Jesus.

16
(No Transcript)
17
Two letters written by Muhammadso old!
18
Muhammads swords
Muhammads hat, robe, and staff
19
A piece of Muhammads hair!
One of Muhammads sandals
20
The Green Dome in Madinah
Muhammads grave lies under the Green Dome.
(Above is his casket.)
21
Islam
  • Is the main religion of the Middle East, North
    Africa, Asia
  • Two largest groups of Muslims are the Sunnis and
    the Shiites
  • The Sunnis account for 90 of the worlds Muslims
  • Number of followers is growing at a rapid rate
    faster than the other 2 religions
  • 1.3 billion followers worldwide

22
The Koran
  • The Muslim holy book is the Koran.
  • Describes the Five Pillars of Faith (obligations
    all Muslims must fulfill).

23
Five Pillars of Faith
  • The main duties of Muslims
  • Prayer,
  • Giving to charity,
  • Belief in and submission to one God (Allah),
  • Fasting during the month of Ramadan,
  • and a trip to Mecca once in a lifetime.

24
The Grand Mosque in Mecca
25
SS6G11a/b lesson questions
  • 1. What have Europeans done to try to solve the
    problem of so many languages?
  • 2. Which languages come from the language of the
    ancient Roman Empire?
  • 3. Which of the three main religions of Europe is
    the oldest?
  • 4. How are the three main religions of Europe
    alike?
  • 5. What is the meaning of monotheistic?
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