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The American Civil War: Its Causes, Battles, and Reconstruction

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The American Civil War: Its Causes, Battles, and Reconstruction GPS SS8H6 The student will analyze the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Georgia. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The American Civil War: Its Causes, Battles, and Reconstruction


1
The American Civil War Its Causes, Battles, and
Reconstruction
2
GPS SS8H6
  • The student will analyze the impact of the Civil
    War and Reconstruction on Georgia.

3
What do you know about the Civil War? Why was it
fought? (causes?) How did it impact our history,
and how does it still impact us today?
4
  • The war was fought between the Northern and
    Southern States (who succeeded from the
    union). It lasted from 1861 to 1865. 3 million
    Americans fought in the war (21. million on Union
    side and 900,000 for the Confederacy) 220,000
    African-American served on both sides. Over
    600,000 Americans lost their lives during the
    war.
  • The first Modern War (trench warfare, total
    war, etc.)

5
Consequences of the War
  • The United States has remained one nation for now
    over 230 years.
  • The 13th Amendment in 1865 abolished slavery.
  • The United States government grew in size and
    became stronger over the states.
  • Industries of the North expanded and businessmen
    became wealthier.
  • The West rapidly was settled and tamed.
    (railroads, Indian Wars, etc.)
  • Southerners wanted either to create a New South
    or wanted to go back to the old days.
  • Although slavery was abolished, blacks did not
    have full freedoms (purpose of Civil Rights
    Movement).

6
Part One The Causes of the War
  • GPS SS8H6 We will explain the importance of key
    issues that led to the Civil War including
    slavery, states rights, nullification, the
    Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850 and the
    Georgia Platform, Kansas-Nebraska Act, the Dred
    Scott Case. The election of 1860, the debate over
    secession in Georgia, and the role of Alexander
    Stephens.

7
Causes were differences over
  • Slavery
  • States Rights and Governments Role
  • Western expansion
  • Taxes and Tariffs
  • Economies
  • Social Order and Populations
  • Agrarian vs. Urban Lifestyles

8
Cause 1 Slavery in the South
  • ? In 1790, only 1,000 bales of cotton produced in
    Georgiabut grew to 700,000 bales of cotton in
    1860.
  • (just under 4 million throughout the South)
  • ? In 1790, there were only 30,000 slaves in
    Georgia. Due to the cotton gin and demand for
    more slave labor, slavery grew to 460,000 slaves
    by 1860.
  • (4 million total in South)
  • ?Before Civil War, half of Georgias wealth (400
    million) was in slavery.

9
Cotton Production and Slave Population, 1790-1860
10
Slavery and King Cotton in Georgia
11
Daily Life for Slaves
  • Housing (p. 228)
  • Clothing (p. 228-29)
  • Food (p. 229)
  • Various Jobs (p. 229)
  • Work demands (p. 229-30)
  • Family Life (p. 230)
  • Religion (p.231)
  • Slave Codes (p. 233)

12
The Underground Railroad Rap
13
Underground Railroad in Georgia
14
Timeline on Abolitionists and Underground Railroad
  • 1793 Cotton Gin patented by Eli Whitney
  • 1831 William Lloyd Garrison begins The Liberator
  • 1836 House of Reps passes gag rule
  • 1837 American Anti-Slavery Society formed
  • 1837 Elijah Lovejoy attacked and killed
  • 1847 Frederick Douglas begins The North Star
  • 1849 Harriet Tubman escaped and helps runaway
    slaves

15
Timeline (cont.)
  • 1850 Fugitive Slave Act (stricter laws against
    runaway slaves)
  • 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowes Uncle Toms Cabin
  • 1857 Dred Scott Decision by Supreme Court
  • 1859 John Browns rebellion
  • 1861 Civil War begins
  • 1863 Emancipation Proclamation
  • 1865 13th Amendment abolishes slavery in the
    United States

16
State your opinion!!
  • Imagine you are an abolitionist (antislavery
    activist) before the Civil War. Write a letter
    to the editor of your local newspaper or to a
    friend and/or family member arguing against
    slavery. (One page long)
  • Try incorporating these three points in your
    letter.
  • a. Slavery is immoral and contradicts the
    religious principles of our nation.
  • Slavery goes against the democratic ideals of
    liberty and equality.
  • Slavery will be the cause for our nation dividing
    between the North and South.

17
  • "We will not resort to violence. We will not
    degrade ourselves with hatred. Love will not be
    returned with hate."
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

18
Cause 2 States Rights and Tariffs
  • Tariffs helped Northern industries, yet did
    little to help the South (they preferred foreign
    goods, cheaper)
  • 1832 South Carolina refused to follow the new
    higher tariffs (Nullify) and threatened to even
    succeed from Union.
  • President Andrew Jackson calls their bluff and
    threatens to use the army.
  • South Carolina backed down and became resentful

19
Cause 3 Agrarian vs. Industry
  • North economy based on manufacturing industry and
    urbanization, while the South based on farming
    and rural.
  • In 1850, over 600 mills in North but only 166 in
    South
  • Only 10 of nations goods manufactured in South

20
Cause 4 Western Expansion
  • South believed that more slaves in west, will
    lead to more slave states more slave states,
    then more Southern power in Congress maintain
    power will protect slavery!!
  • Most Northerners wanted slavery to NOT expanded
    to anymore states or territories (also concern
    for Southerners thirst for more landMexico,
    Cuba, etc.). Most believed that slave labor in
    new territories or states will not be good for
    industry.
  • Wanted free soil or free
    labor

21
A. Missouri Compromise (1820)
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