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Chapter%202%20Section%202

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Chapter 2 Section 2 Global History I Mr. Schoff OA In Chapter 2 Section 2, describe what The Great Sphinx is. Turn to page 30 and read about Egyptian tombs. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter%202%20Section%202


1
Chapter 2 Section 2
  • Global History I
  • Mr. Schoff

2
OA
  • In Chapter 2 Section 2, describe what The Great
    Sphinx is.
  • Turn to page 30 and read about Egyptian tombs.

3
I heard it helps to write it down
  • Hieroglyphics picture writing used to keep
    track of important information
  • Carved on stone, preserved for thousands of years
  • Pictograms that depicted objects, carved onto
    monuments, temples
  • Written language became more complex
  • Ideograms pictures that symbolized an idea or
    action

4
Hieroglyphs
5
Keep writing
  • Scribes developed demotic simpler form of
    writing
  • Papyrus was used
  • Paper not used until 100 AD in China
  • Much easier to use than chiseling into stone
  • Official histories still carved onto stone for
    preservation purposes

6
Uhh, can you decipher that for me???
  • New Kingdom went into decline, Egyptians forgot
    what hieroglyphs meant
  • 1800s French scholar, Jean Champollion decoded
    the Rosetta Stone
  • Flat, black stone has same message carved into 3
    different forms of script
  • Hieroglyphics, demotic, Greek
  • Now historians could read Egyptian history

7
Advances
  • Believed in many forms of magic
  • Learned a great deal about the human body through
    mummifying
  • Observed symptoms, diagnosed, found cures,
    performed surgeries
  • Anise, castor beans, saffron (still used today)
  • Calendar 12 months, 30 days, 5 days added on at
    end of each year
  • Became basis for our calendar (with minor
    changes)
  • Developed geometry for surveying land, calculate
    exact size and location of each block of stone to
    be placed in a pyramid or temple
  • Many advances in statues, paintings, poems, and
    tales
  • Drawings stiff, standard poses, heads/limbs in
    profile, eyes/shoulders facing viewer

8
(No Transcript)
9
Whats wrong here
  • The vizier, who was seen as a god as well as a
    king, was linked closely to the chief god Isis.
  • Amon-Re!

10
Whats wrong here
  • Only the nobles believed in the afterlife.
  • All Egyptians, from nobles to peasants, believed
    in the afterlife.

11
Whats wrong here
  • Egyptian civilization was basically a classless
    society.
  • Like other early civilizations, Egypt had a
    fairly rigid class system.

12
Whats wrong here
  • Like women in most of the ancient world, Egyptian
    women were held in low status and had very little
    independence.
  • Egyptian women generally enjoyed a higher status
    and greater independence than women in the rest
    of the ancient world.

13
Whats wrong here
  • Priests and scribes used a form of picture
    writing called papyrus to keep track of
    unimportant information.
  • Hieroglyphics, important writing!

14
Whats wrong here
  • Egyptians made very few advances in learning and
    the arts.
  • Great advances in medicine, astronomy, math,
    painting, and sculpture!

15
Secrets of the Pyramids
  • Secret Of The Pyramids
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