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The Christian Church in the East

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Title: The Christian Church, East and West, just after the fall of Rome Author: administrator Last modified by: Nubia Sierra Created Date: 4/13/2008 9:09:50 PM – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Tags: christian | church | east | rome

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Title: The Christian Church in the East


1
The Christian Church in the East
2
The situation
  • The empire in the West collapsed
  • Due to invasion
  • The empire in the East was stable
  • It considered itself the Roman Empire with a
    new name Byzantine Empire
  • Byzantium was an old name for Constantinople

3
Why did the Eastern Empire remains strong while
the West collapsed?
  • For a couple of reasons
  • By the 5th century, the bulk of population and
    wealth fell in the Eastern part, so they were
    better prepared to face hard times
  • The invasions eventually divided East from West
  • Justinian came to power in 527

4
Justinian
  • Dreamed of uniting the empire as well as the
    church under his rule
  • He was able to make his dream come true
  • Last strong Emperor
  • Kept out barbarians
  • But the reunion did not last long, it was almost
    immediately destroyed after Justinians death

5
Justinian and Theodora
  • They were co-rulers
  • It was uncommon for women to rule

6
Justinian fighting about Faith
  • He was faced with a challenge the heresy of
    Monophysitism
  • The council of Chalcedon in 451 had dealt
    directly with the question of Christs human and
    divine natures, but its decision that Christ is
    both fully human and fully divine was not
    accepted everywhere.
  • Justinian stood firmly on the side of Chalcedon
  • Theodora was a supporter of the monophysites
    (supporters of Monophysitism)
  • The church was divided
  • Justinian was never able to re-unite the church

7
Justinians greatest achievement
  • Hagia Sophia

8
Hagia SophiaHoly Wisdom
  • In the year 1453 the Turks conquered
    Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul
  • They converted Hagia Sophia into a mosque
  • A symbol of Christian faith changed into a symbol
    of the conquerors power
  • It remained a mosque for five centuries
  • Today it remains as a museum

9
Interior Hagia Sophia today
All Decorations were destroyed when Hagia Sophia
was converted to a mosque
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