Index - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Index PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 81b627-MTgzM


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation



Election of 1848 The industrial revolution Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act Election of 1856 The Dred Scott Decision John Brown s Raid Election of 1860 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:19
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 21
Provided by: Meag150


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Index

(No Transcript)
Election of 1848 The industrial
revolution Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska
Act Election of 1856 The Dred Scott Decision John
Browns Raid Election of 1860 Secession Fort
Sumter More Secession Baltimore Raids Battle of
Bull Run Smaller Battles Slaughter at
Shiloh Antietam
Emancipation Proclamation Union
Victories Chancellorsville Gettysburg Vicksburg Ch
attanooga Gettysburg Address Election of
1864 Battles in May and June Shermans
March Surrounded at Richmond Confederate
Retreat Abandonment Appomattox Courthouse Assassin
Tip Use the green stars to navigate.
The Election of 1848
This issue of slavery was at the forefront of
society, but the majority of the parties
attempted to down-play the issue to avoid
conflict. The Democrats supported a compromise
called popular sovereignty, while the Whigs
avoided the topic all-together. The attempt to
leave slavery out of the election was spoiled by
the Free-Soil Party, whose motto was free soil,
free speech, free labour, and free men.
A political cartoon mocking the election of a
Whig president.
The Industrial Revolution
Compromise of 1850
Proposed and put in place by Henry Clay, it
stated that California would be admitted as a
slave-free state, and that in the District of
Columbia, slavery would be permitted, but the
slave trade would not. To satisfy the South, a
stronger Fugitive Slave Law would be put in
place, to help restrict the underground railway.
Industrial revolution shifted the economy of the
north, drastically decreasing the need for slaves
in the north.
1840 - 1860
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Election of 1856
The disbanding of the Whigs party allowed for
the emergence of the Republicans and the
Americans. The Americans avoided slavery and
focused on immigration, while the Republicans
supported the free soil ideology. The Democrats
dodged the issue. They won by a minority vote,
and Buchanan took office.
This act opened Kansas and Nebraska for
settlement. It stated that the issue of slavery
in the new territories would be decided by
popular sovereignty. This caused a flood of
people, and many violent outbursts between pro
and anti slavery settlers. These battles, known
as bleeding Kansas reached civil war
The Dred Scott Decision
John Brown's Raid
John Brown believed he was sent by heaven to
free the enslaved. He seized the arsenal at
Harpers Ferry, VA with the intentions of arming
and freeing the enslaved of the surrounding
areas. His raid was cut short when he was
arrested by Robert E. Lee. John Brown was hanged
on December 2nd. The north saw him as a martyr,
while the south thought his punishment was just.
Dred Scott was a slave that had been moved into
a territory closed to slavery by the Missouri
Compromise. He was later brought back to his
original slave-permitting state. He resided for
ten years in a state where slavery was not
permitted, and on these grounds, he sued for his
freedom. March 6th brought the news that the
court sided against Scott. The judge, Taney,
ruled that banning slavery in any territory was
October 16, 1859
The Election of 1860
Lincoln vs. Douglas. Lincoln believed that if
slavery were confined to its current area, it
would eventually be abolished by the southerners
themselves. Douglas based his political career
on the idea of popular sovereignty as the best
method to settle the slavery dispute. Lincoln
won the election, with nearly all his votes
coming from the north, carrying every free state
except new Jersey.
By March 1st, the states of the deep south voted
for secession. South Carolina, Mississippi,
Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas
formed the Confederate States of America, and
asked that the remaining slave states of the
Union join them. The north believed that the
states could not legally secede. The south
believed it was their constitutional right to do
One of only two Union forts within Confederate
territory that survived the secession, This was
the beginning of the battles. Here, Davis,
leader of the south, faced the dilemma of whether
or not to allow Lincoln to send supplies to the
fort. Were he to let Lincoln re-supply, then he
would look as if he were agreeing with Lincolns
policies. However, if he refused, he would need
to attack to stop the re-supplying, effectively
committing an act of war. On April 12th, the
South Carolina Militia opened fire on the fort.
The fort surrendered after 34 hours of
bombardment, but zero casualties.
Fort Sumter
Battle of Bull Run
More Secession Virginia, Arkansas, North
Carolina, and Tennessee left the Union, faced
with the prospect of fighting their
neighbours. Baltimore Riots As Union troops
marched through Maryland on their way to D.C.,
they were attacked by a group who supported the
views of the pro-confederate newspapers. As a
result, Baltimore was placed under Martial Law,
and the rights of the people were suspended.
Lincoln could not afford to lose Maryland, as
its loss would leave the Unions capital in
enemy territory.
Around 30 miles from Washington D.C., The union
army, on their way to Richmond, encountered a
small number of Confederate forces. This battle
was expected to bring an easy victory for the
Union, and a quick end to the war. However, it
instead highlighted how untrained both armys
were. Although the Union fought better, the
Confederates were more organized and were able to
effectively use the railroad and telegraph to
supply reinforcements. The Confederates won,
leaving the Union and the watching civilians to
flee back to Washington. Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson favored an offensive war, but
President Davis chose to fight defensively,
effectively giving the Union time to prepare.
July, 1861
Smaller Battles Seven Days Battle, Second Battle
of Bull Run, Fredericksburg. All Confederate
victories. Shiloh In April on the
Tennessee-Mississippi border, Union troops were
slowed in their advances when they were surprised
near Corinth by General Albery Sydney Johnsons
Confederate troops. The Union suffered losses of
13,000 of their 63,000 troops, while the
Confederates lost 11,000 of their 40,000. The
battle left an impression on Grant, and he later
wrote that after Shiloh I gave up all idea of
saving the Union except by complete conquest.
Battle of Bull Run
July, 1861
After victory for the Confederates at the
Second Battle of Bull Run, Lee decided to invade
the Union. He split his forces, allowing half to
vanish into the mountains in Maryland, while the
other half was to follow the lead of Stonewall
Jackson and seize the federal arsenal in Harpers
Ferry. McClellan was supposed to protect the
capitol by staying between the enemy and the
city. This move by Lee left him to chase after
his enemy. McClellan then stumbled over a bit of
good luck. Wrapped around three cigars, he found
a copy of Lees plans. He realized the forces
were divided, and that he could effectively
destroy Lees army. He attacked near Sharpsburg,
Maryland at a Creek called Anteitam. The Union
army was, after this battle, too damaged to
pursue the retreating Confederates. Union losses
were greater than the Confederate losses of
September 17, 1862
September 17, 1862
Emancipation Proclamation A rallying cry for the
north, Lincoln redefines the war by proclaiming
that the North shall free the slaves of the South
on September 22. Now the war is officially over
the issue of slavery. Union Victories By the end
of the year, New Orleans had surrendered to the
Union without firing a shot. There were now
Union troops advancing into Western Tennessee,
and Mississippi.
Chancellorsville Union general Joe Hooker lost
17,000 to an army half the size of his own in
May. Gettysburg On July 3rd, there were three
days of battle. The south attempted to remove
the Union from their advantage of higher ground.
This ended with over 50,000 casualties, and the
Confederacy retreating on July 4th.
A Mississippi River victory for the Union
depended on their taking of Vicksburg. On his
6th attempt, Grant began one of his most drastic
campaigns. He moced his army down the west bank,
and moved inland south of Viksburg. Under the
impression that he was being tricked to move into
the fields, the Confederate commander stayed
behind the fortifications. The union forces
moved to Jackson (the capitol of Mississippi),
and from their, fought their way west to
Viksburg. After defeating armies larger than his
own five times, Grant laid siege to Viksburg. On
July 4th, Viksburg surrendered. Five days later,
the only remaining Confederate fort on the
Mississippi (Port Hudson) also surrendered. This
effectively cut off the Confederacy from their
two major food suppliers, Arkansas and Texas.
A rail center on the Georgia-Tennessee border,
In September, the Confederates gained a major
victory here, however, the Union retreated into
Chattanooga, where the Confederates bombarded
them. The arrival of Grant with supplies and
reinforcements in late October saved the Union
army and pushed the Confederates out of the
heights of the city. Tennessee was in Union
hands by November, and the forces had moved into
Georgia. At this point in time, only Georgia,
the Carolinas, and Virginia had not fallen.
Resulting from this, in early 1864, Lincoln gave
his orders to Sherman for the west, and sent
Grant out to destroy Robert E. Lees army.
November 25, 1863
November 25, 1863
Battles in May and June The two armies (Lee and
Grant) clash almost constantly, the numbers of
Union troops at 120,000 and the Confederacy at
60,000. The Battle of the Wilderness saw Lee
stop Grant in a forest where the resulted
fighting lit the forest ablaze, leaving the
wounded to burn to death. Despite heavy losses,
Grant continued to pursue Lee, and they fought
again in what was later called the most terrible
24 hours of (our) service in the war, at
Spotsylvania. Less than a month later, Grant had
suffered total losses of a number greater than
Lees army. Regardless, Grant knew that as long
as he had a steady stream of reinforcements, he
must continue to press Lees forces into
Gettysburg Address On November 19, 1863,
President Lincoln visited this battlefield to
dedicate it, and to honour the deceased soldiers
who were buried there. His address proclaimed to
the people that these dead shall not have died
in vain. Election of 1864 Lincoln is
re-elected, as the voters see safety in keeping
the same leader during difficult times.
1863 and 1864
Sherman's March
General Sherman (Union) was ordered to move out
of Tennessee and destroy the Confederates in the
west. Sherman forced them into Atlanta, Georgia.
Sherman burned Atlanta to the ground. Sherman
continued through Georgia to Savannah, destroying
100 million dollars of property and doling out
20 million in military damage.
May, 1864
May, 1864
Surrounded at Richmond
Confederate Retreat
In mid-June, Lee retreats south of Richmond, to
Petersburg. Grant surrounded and assaulted the
city. Lee attempted to sneak out a number of
forces to attack Washington D.C. through the
Shenandoah River Valley but was stopped by
Grants cavalry men. The valley was turned into
a barren waste-land by the Union, and Grant
confirmed his attack on Richmond as successful.
In March, as Lincoln gave his second inaugural
address, Grant closed in on Richmond. Davis was
told by Lee that the situation was hopeless, and
that Richmond could no longer be defended. Lee
retreated south, as the Confederate government
moved south as well. Abandoned By April 4th,
The former capitol of the Confederacy was now
controlled by the Union
Appomattox Courthouse
Lees forces are cut off as they attempt to meet
up with other forces. Grant asks a surrender of
Lee, asking for an end to the blood-shed. The
two generals met at Appomattox courthouse, where
generous terms on the part of the North were
agreed to. The Confederates would be allowed to
return home on the basis of never fighting again,
and they would be allowed to keep their guns and
horses. A Union soldier described the surrender.
with not a cheer, nor a word, nor whisper of
vainglory, but an awed stillness rather, a
breath-holding, as if it were a passing of the
dead. Despite orders from former President
Davis, it took until June to subdue all other
confederate generals.
April 9, 1865
April 9, 1865
A Confederate radical by the name of John Wilkes
Booth assassinates President Lincoln. This death
was tragic to both sides, as Lincoln was
considered the best person to bind up the
nations wounds. This was considered by many
to be a terrible blow for the South, with
newspapers and diarists writing of the effects
that would surely arise from having a different
president mend the countrys war-torn soul.
John Wilkes Booth
April 14, 1865
April 14, 1865
Although the war is over, the effects of the war
are to be felt long after. The South must now be
re-established as part of the country once again,
and old feuds must be set aside if the country is
ever again to be fully unified.
The End