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FOUNDATIONS%20OF%20PSYCHOLOGY

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Title: FOUNDATIONS%20OF%20PSYCHOLOGY


1
FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGY
2
What is Psychology?
Is Psychology a science? This is a controversial
topic, but the answer is YES. Psychology IS a
science and is typically classified under the
category Social Science.sometimes called a
Soft Science
  • The scientific study of behavior and mental
    processes that is tested through scientific
    research

3
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • HISTORY
  • WHEN DID STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY BEGIN?
  • Ancient Greece 6th Century B.C.,
  • Greek philosophers
  • Socrates, Aristotle, Plato -- Know Thyself
  • HOW DID PSYCHOLOGY EVOLVE?
  • Middle Ages psychological disorder viewed
  • as demon possession
  • Psychology took step back during this time
  • Treatment - water test, burning, banishment

4
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • GOALS
  • Describe Gather info about the behavior being
    studied
  • Understand/Explain- Psychological Principles
    generally valid ideas about behavior, draw
    assumptions based on psychological principles and
    theories, understand why behavior is occurring
  • Predict Using knowledge to predict future
    behaviors, thoughts, or feelings in different
    situations
  • 4) Influence Use knowledge gained to impact
    behavior in a positive way

5
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • FOUNDING FATHERS

6
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • WILHELM WUNDT 1832-1920
  • STRUCTURALISM study basic elements of
  • conscious mental experiences

1st psych lab, structure of brain
7
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • WILLIAM JAMES 1842-1910

FUNCTIONALISM study how mental processes help
people adapt to their environment
  • 1st American
  • psychologist
  • Wrote 1st psychology
  • textbook

8
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • SIGMUND FREUD 1856-1939

PSYCHOANALYSIS
Unconscious mind shapes behavior
9
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • JOHN B. WATSON 1856-1958

BEHAVIORISM Rewards/ Punishments condition an
individual to behave the way they do
"Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed,
and my own specified world to bring them up in
and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and
train him to become any type of specialist I
might select--doctor, lawyer, artist,
merchant-chief, and, yes, even beggarman and
thief, regardless of his talents, penchants,
tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his
ancestors" John B. Watson, Behaviorism, 1930
10
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • HERMAN EBBINGHAUS 1850-1909

MEMORY Forgetting Curve Learning Curve
11
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • JEAN PIAGET 1896-1980

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT study how information is
processed, stored, and used 4 Stages of
Development
12
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • IVAN PAVLOV 1849- 1936

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING Associate two stimuli
13
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • ABRAHAM MASLOW 1908-1970

HUMANISM Hierarchy of Needs
14
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • ERIK ERIKSON 1902-1994

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT 8 Stages of Social
Development
15
PSYCHOLOGY WHO KNEW???
  • FOUNDING FATHERS
  • Wilhelm Wundt Structuralism 1st psych lab,
    structure of brain
  • William James Functionalism 1st American
    psychologist
  • Wrote 1st psych textbook
  • Sigmund Freud Psychoanalysis Unconscious mind
    shapes behavior
  • John Watson Behaviorism Rewards and
    Punishments
  • Herman Ebbinghaus Memory Forgetting Curve
  • Jean Piaget Cognitive Development 4 Stages of
    Development
  • Ivan Pavlov Classical Conditioning Associates
    two stimuli
  • Abraham Maslow Humanism Hierarchy of Needs
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