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Grief and Loss

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Title: Warm-up Author: Austin ISD Last modified by: aisd Created Date: 8/19/2005 6:47:26 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Grief and Loss


1
Grief and Loss
2
The grieving process
Grief express deep sadness because of loss
  • 5 stages of grieving process
  • Denial gives you a chance to think
  • Anger normal (anger management)
  • Bargaining promise to change
  • Depression short term is normal
  • Acceptance learn how to live with the loss

3
Funerals, Wakes, and Memorial Services
  • Purpose Help the family get through the
    grieving process.
  • Wake view or watch over
    deceased person before funeral.
  • Funeral ceremony in which deceased person is
    buried.
  • Memorial Service ceremony to
    remember the deceased.

4
What are some different things youve seen at
funerals or memorials?
5
Coping with Loss
  • Loss can cause stress.

What are some physical and emotional effects of
stress?
Headaches, stomachaches, increased blood
pressure, irritability, interrupted sleep,
confusion, inability concentrating, stress
related illness.
6
Help for dealing with loss
  • Helping yourself
  • Get plenty of rest/relaxation
    and stick to
    any normal routine
  • Share memories
  • Express your feelings
  • Dont blame yourself
  • Connect with supportive, understanding people
  • Helping others
  • Show your support through simple actions
  • Let the person know you are there for him/her
  • Tell the person they are strong and will learn to
    live with the loss
  • Listen attentively without judgment
  • Encourage professional help if needed

7
Suicide and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI)
8
A permanent solution to a temporary problem.
SUICIDE
  • Definition the act of intentionally taking
    ones life
  • Why is suicide an uncomfortable topic?
  • What are some myths or facts about suicide?

Words that warn I wish I were dead. I just
want to go to sleep never wake up. I wont be
a problem for you much longer. I cant take it
anymore. This pain will be over soon. Nothing
matters.
9
Facts about suicide
  • Many people who consider suicide only do so for a
    brief period in their life
  • Most people who have attempted and failed are
    usually grateful to be alive
  • Suicide could have many warning signs however,
    sometimes there are few signs
  • Use of drugs/alcohol can put people at risk
    because of impaired judgment

10
Facts about Suicide Cont.
  • 3rd leading cause of death for
    ages 15 24
  • Depression and bipolar disorder are major risk
    factors.
  • Stressful life events and low levels of
    communication with parents are also significant
    risk factors.
  • More women attempt suicide and more men complete
    suicide. In 2010, males aged 15-19 were 4X more
    likely to complete suicide than females.

11
Keep in mind!
  • It should be noted that some people who die by
    suicide do not show any suicide warning signs.
  • But, about 75 percent of those who die by suicide
    do exhibit some warning signs, so being aware of
    these warning signs means we will be more able to
    assist a loved one in need.
  • If you do see someone exhibiting warning signs of
    suicide, you need to do everything you can to
    help them, which often includes connecting them
    with professional help.

Suicide.org
12
Warning signs for suicide
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Withdrawing from family and friends isolating
  • Neglecting basic needs
  • Experiencing loss of energy
  • Taking more risks
  • Using alcohol and drugs
  • Giving away personal things

13
Giving and Getting Help
  • Take all talk of suicide seriously
  • Tell your friend you are concerned about them
  • Help your friend identify 1-2 adults to talk to
    (i.e. parent, counselor), and offer to go with
    them if theyre nervous
  • Dont keep concern for a friends safety a
    secret dont promise to keep secrets when ones
    safety is involved

14
N.S.S.I.
  • Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
  • Common forms of NSSI
  • Cutting, burning, scratching, skin-picking,
    hair-pulling
  • 90 of people who self-injure begin cutting as
    teens
  • Self-injury is prevalent in ALL races and
    economic backgrounds.

15
Differentiating NSSI and Suicide Attempts
Characteristic Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Suicide Attempt
Intent/Purpose for Behavior To temporarily escape from psychological distress. To create change in self or environment. To permanently terminate consciousness/end of life. To escape unbearable psychological pain.
Severity/Lethality of Method Use Low High
Behavior Frequency High, sometimes more than 100 episodes. Often chronic and repetitive. Low typically 1 to 3 episodes.
Number of Methods Used Multiple methods used across episodes. Single method used across episodes.
Cognitive State During Self-harm Distressed yet hopeful. Difficulty implementing adaptive problem-solving. Hopeless/Helpless. Inability to problem solve.
Consequences/Aftermath
Intrapersonally Sense of relief, calm. Temporarily reduced distress. Frustration, disappointment. Increased distress.
Interpersonally Rejection, criticism from others. Other express care and concern.
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