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Activity: What is Democracy? Civics

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Students will be able to explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy by summarizing ... Basic Concepts of Democracy Author: slee2 Last ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Activity: What is Democracy? Civics


1
Activity What is Democracy? Civics
2
Teacher Instructions
  • 1. Copy CORNELL NOTES/WORKSHEET (1 per student)
  • 2. Begin PowerPoint. Student take notes on
    CORNELL NOTES paper.
  • When indicated to do so, put students into pairs
    to complete the WORKSHEET.
  • Review the concepts and complete the discussion
    question.

3
Pair-Share
  • Define Democracy
  • Explain the different types of democracy.
  • What are some characteristics of democracy?

4
Standard
  • CA 12.1 Students explain the fundamental
    principles and moral values of American democracy
    as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and other
    essential documents of American democracy.

5
  • Students will be able to explain the fundamental
    principles and moral values of American democracy
    by summarizing the major concepts of democracy.

Objective
6
Democracy
  • a system of government in which the people rule
    either directly, or through elected
    representatives.  

7
Forms of Democracy
  •  
  • direct or pure democracy - a form of democracy in
    which the people as a whole make direct
    decisions, rather than have those decisions made
    for them by elected representatives.
  • Examples of Direct Democracy
  • referendum - The practice of submitting a law to
    a popular vote at election time. The law may be
    proposed by a voter's initiative or by the
    legislature.
  • recall - A procedure whereby the voters can vote
    to remove an elected official from office.  
  • representative democracy - A political system in
    which leaders and representatives acquire
    political power by means of a competitive
    struggle for the people's vote.  
  • Critical Thinking What kind of democracy is the
    United States?  

8
Which One is It?
  • Direct
  • or
  • Representative Democracy

9
Ariz. Referendum Drives Targeting New Law Dropped
  • PHOENIX -- The two proposed referendum drives
    challenging Arizona's new sweeping law targeting
    illegal immigration are being abandoned,
    organizers said Monday.
  • Andrew Chavez, a professional petition circulator
    involved in one of the efforts, said its backers
    pulled the plug after concluding they might not
    be able to time their petition filings in such a
    way as to put the law on hold.

Direct
10
Representative
11
Direct
12
Congress
Representative
13
Foundations
  • The American concept of democracy rests on these
    basic notions
  • (1) A recognition of the fundamental worth and
    dignity of every person
  • (2) A respect for the equality of all persons
  • (3) A faith in majority rule and an insistence
    upon minority rights
  • (4) An acceptance of the necessity of compromise
    and
  • (5) An insistence upon the widest possible degree
    of individual freedom.

14
Pair Activity
  • With your partner read U1 S3 Basic Concepts of
    Democracy and complete the corresponding
    worksheet.
  • Be sure to write the definition in your OWN words.

15
Worth of the Individual
  • every individual has the potential for common
    sense, rationality and fairness and are entitled
    to "certain unalienable rights

16
Equality of all persons
  • "all men are created equal,"
  • but what kind of equality? Economic, political,
    legal, social?  
  • All men are entitled to
  • 1. equality of opportunity
  • 2. equality before the law

17
Majority Rule, Minority Rights
  • The will of the people, and not the dictate of
    the ruling few, determines public policy.
  • The majority must always be willing to listen to
    a minoritys argument, to hear its objections,
    to bear its criticisms, and to protect their
    rights.

18
Necessity of Compromise
  • In a democracy compromise is used to blend and
    adjust competing views and interests.
  • Compromise is a process of achieving majority
    agreement.

19
Individual Freedom
  • "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" and
    the right of individuals to self-determination.  
  • Democracy does not allow complete individual
    freedom.

20
Review Question
  • Describe the relationship between the rights of
    the individual and the rights of the overall
    society in a Democracy
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